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Decaix A.,French Natural History Museum | Messager E.,CNRS Prehistoric, Antique and Middle Age Studies | Tengberg M.,French Natural History Museum | Neef R.,Deutsches Archaologisches Institute | And 2 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2016

The study of several types of botanical remains from the site of Mentesh Tepe, Azerbaijan, has provided the first data on the vegetation cover and the exploitation and use of plant resources from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age in this part of the Kura River Basin. Riparian woodlands constitute the main fuel source throughout the occupational sequence. However, wood was also exploited in relatively open woodlands characterised by the presence of a dozen shrub and tree species, among them oak, hornbeam, buckthorn, wayfaring-tree, maple and lime. Most seed and fruit remains correspond either to crops, such as cereals (barley, wheat) and pulses (lentil, grass pea), or to weeds and ruderal plants. The analysis of phytoliths shows that cereals were treated (de-husked) on-site. Very few fruits were found in the botanical record. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Bobrowski P.,Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology | Jordeczka M.,Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology | Kobusiewicz M.,Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology | Chlodnicki M.,Poznan Archaeological Museum | Kusiak J.,Maria Curie Sklodowska University
Studia Quaternaria | Year: 2013

Today's desert area of Red Sea Hills is now inhabited by a Beja-Bisharin tribe, the camel breeders. In prehistoric times, this area was inhabited or penetrated by pastoral communities engaged in cattle breeding. Their occupation is primarily marked by thousands of engravings with representations of long-homed cattle, which were discovered in a rock art gallery in Bir Nurayet, one of the largest rock art galleries in Africa and the whole world. We still do not know when the shepherds and their henis abandoned the area. This issue can be addressed by geoarchaeology and investigation of sediments discovered in Wadi Diib, i.e. silts. As we believe, they record climate and environmental changes taking place in recent millennia, which probably to a large extent determined the socio-cultural processes in the area.

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