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Rathsack P.,German Center for Energy Resources | Otto M.,Institute of Analytical Chemistry

The depletion of fossil fuels like crude oil or natural gas in foreseeable future urges the search for alternative fuels. Alternative resources for the production of fuels are biomass or coal, which have already been the feedstock for the chemical industry decades ago. One way for the production of fuels from theses feedstocks is pyrolysis and current research focuses on the influence of process parameters on composition of liquids from pyrolysis and the optimization of the properties necessary for the proposed utilization. To unravel the chemical composition of these oils, high performance instrumental analytical methods like comprehensive gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC×GC-MS) are highly beneficial. Unfortunately obtained data sets are very complex and dedicated interpretation methods are needed. In this study, the classification of about thousand compounds in a GC×GC-MS chromatogram of a brown coal pyrolysis oil is demonstrated by means of linear discriminant analysis. Based on a reference compound training set, the compound classes alkanes, alkenes, thiophenes, and benzothiophenes could be assigned with low classification error. This will help in the understanding of the influence of process parameters and feedstocks on the composition of pyrolysis oils. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Qian X.,Institute of Analytical Chemistry | Zhang Q.,Institute of Analytical Chemistry | Zhang Q.,Suzhou University of Science and Technology | Zhang Y.,Institute of Analytical Chemistry | Tu Y.,Institute of Analytical Chemistry
Analytical Sciences

A capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of three flavonoids (naringenin, rutin, quercetin) and ascorbic acid. It was found that naringenin, rutin, quercetin and ascorbic acid were well separated within 5 min in borate buffer solution (pH 8.6, 24 mM). The detection limit was 1.0 μM for naringenin, 8.0 μM for rutin, 2.0 μM for ascorbic acid and 0.5 μM for quercetin. The protocol was successfully applied for the determination of the analytes in rat serum and excrement. Recovery results ranged from 90.9 to 108.6%. 2010 © The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry. Source

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