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Cai J.,Institute of Anal Colorectal Surgery | Cai J.,Shanghai University | Feng D.,Shanghai Changhai Hospital | Hu L.,Institute of Anal Colorectal Surgery | And 7 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

FAT4, a cadherin-related protein, was shown to function as a tumour suppressor; however, its role in human gastric cancer remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of FAT4 in gastric cancer and examined the underlying molecular mechanisms.Methods:The expression of FAT4 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and qRT-PCR in relation to the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer patients. The effects of FAT4 silencing on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were assessed by the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium) assay, and migration and invasion assays in gastric cancer cell lines in vitro and in a mouse xenograft model in vivo.Results:Downregulation of FAT4 expression in gastric cancer tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues was correlated with lymph-node metastasis and poor survival. Knockdown of FAT4 promoted the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells via the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling, and induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer cells, as demonstrated by the upregulation and downregulation of mesenchymal and epithelial markers. Silencing of FAT4 promoted tumour growth and metastasis in a gastric cancer xenograft model in vivo.Conclusions: FAT4 has a tumour suppressor role mediated by the modulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling, providing potential novel targets for the treatment of gastric cancer. © 2015 Cancer Research UK.

Wang C.-S.,Huaxia West Road | Chen Y.-P.,Huaxia West Road | He W.-H.,Huaxia West Road | Yin J.,Huaxia West Road | And 4 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2015

Langerhans cell sarcoma (LCS) is a rare tumor with markedly malignant cytological features originating from Langerhans cells. LCS diagnosis is difficult and requires differentiation from other malignant tumors and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Immunochemical antibodies, such as langerin, S-100 protein, and CD1a, have been used to diagnose LCS, but the results are crossed with LCH. To determine more significant biomarkers of LCS, we studied the expression and distribution pattern of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) and cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) in LCS. A broad panel of antibodies was used for immunohistochemical technology. Simultaneously, dual immunofluorescence staining examination and fluorescence in situ hybridization staining methods were used to study the location of WT1 and CD44 in LCS tumor cells. The results showed that tumor cells expressed WT1, CD44, and other special Langerhans cell markers (langerin, CD1a, and S-100 protein). LCS cells in all the cases showed normal cytogenetic findings without overexpression of WT1 and CD44. The expression of WT1 and CD44 was observed on langerin + tumor cells by dual immunofluorescence staining examination in LCS. Our results suggest that WT1 and CD44 are potential biomarkers for LCS diagnosis. Clear understanding of their functional roles may further explain the pathogenesis of this highly malignant tumor and develop some novel immunotherapy strategies. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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