Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Belgrade, Serbia

Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Belgrade, Serbia
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Andrejevic S.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Zlatanovic M.,Institute of Rheumatology | Damjanov N.,Institute of Rheumatology | Ivanovic B.,Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases | Tarabar D.,Military Medical Academy
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2010

Introduction. Watermelon stomach (WS) or gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding described in a variety of autoimmune disorders. Association of watermelon stomach with Sjögren's syndrome is extremely rare. Case report. We presented a 67-year old female with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) who had developed a persistent severe iron-deficiency anemia. An upper gastric endoscopy revealed the presence of gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) as a cause of occult gastrointestinal bleeding. The treatment with argon-plasma coagulation was postponed as the conservative therapy with iron substitution and proton pump inhibitor led to improvement of anemia and hemoglobin levels normalization. Conclusion. This is the first report of WS in a patient with primary SS without the presence of coexisting autoimmune disorder. Recognition of this rare, but clinically important, cause of gastrointestinal bleeding may decrease comorbidity in patients with autoimmune disorders including primary Sjögren's syndrome.


Lee S.-H.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Lee S.-H.,Seoul National University | Lee E.-B.,Seoul National University | Shin E.-S.,DNA Link Inc. | And 7 more authors.
Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: Allergic asthma (AA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are immune tolerance-related diseases, and immune tolerance is known to be influenced by costimulatory molecules. In this study, we sought to identify common genetic susceptibility in AA and RA. Methods: Two hundred cases of AA, 184 cases of RA, and 182 healthy controls were recruited at the Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes coding costimulatory molecules, namely, -318C>T, +49A>G, and 6230G>A in CTLA4, IVS3+17T>C in CD28, -3479T>G and I179V in CD86, -1C>T in CD40, and -3458A>G in CD40LG were scored, and genetic interactions were evaluated by multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) analysis. Results: MDR analysis revealed a significant gene-gene interaction between -3479T>G CD86 and -3458A> G CD40LG for AA. Subjects with the T/T genotype of -3479T>G CD86 and the A/A genotype of -3458A>G CD40LG were found to be significantly more likely to develop AA than those with the T/T genotype of -3479T>G CD86 and A/- genotype of -3458A>G CD40LG (adjusted OR, 6.09; 95% CI, 2.89-12.98; logistic regression analysis controlled by age). Similarly those subjects showed a significant risk of developing RA (adjusted OR, 39.35; 95% CI, 15.01-107.00, logistic regression analysis controlled by age). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a genetic interaction between CD86 and CD40LG favors the development of both AA and RA. © The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology.


Bonaci-Nikolic B.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Bonaci-Nikolic B.,University of Belgrade | Andrejevic S.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Pavlovic M.,Institute for Infectious Diseases | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2010

Chronic infections may mimic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV). We investigated which markers may help in the diagnosis and the prognosis of infections associated with proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. In this study (1993-2008)-with an average follow-up of 5.1 years-we compared 66 AAV patients with 17 PR3 and/or MPO-ANCA-positive patients with protracted bacterial (11/17) or viral (6/17) infections. Seven of 17 patients had subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE), while six of 17 patients had various autoimmune manifestations of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We determined ANCA, antinuclear antibodies, anti-PR3, anti-MPO, anticardiolipin (aCL), antibeta 2 glycoprotein I (β2-GP I), cryoglobulins, C3, and C4. Patients with infections were younger than AAV patients (p<0.01). There was no difference in frequency of renal and skin lesions. AAV patients more frequently had pulmonary and nervous system manifestations (p<0.01). Patients with infections more frequently had dual ANCA (high PR3, low MPO), aCL, anti-β2-GP I, cryoglobulins, and hypocomplementemia (pβ0.001). Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) was used in five 17 patients who had persistently high ANCA, cryoglobulinemia, and hypocomplementemia. There was no difference in frequency of lethality and renal failure in the two study groups. In patients who are PR3-and/or MPO-ANCA positive, SBE and HCV infection should be excluded. Although similar in renal and skin manifestations in comparison to AAV, only patients with infections developed multiple serological abnormalities. In patients with infections, concomitant presence of ANCA, cryoglobulins, and hypocomplementemia was associated with severe glomerulonephritis. The serological profile should be repeated after specific antimicrobial or surgical therapy, since some cases might require IST. © Clinical Rheumatology 2010.


Drulovic J.,University of Belgrade | Andrejevic S.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Bonaci-Nikolic B.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Mijailovic V.,Institute for Thyroid Gland and Metabolism Cigota
Vojnosanitetski Pregled | Year: 2011

Background. Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare autoimmune syndrome characterized by various neuropsychiatric manifestations, responsive to steroid treatment and associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. There are only a few reports suggesting that intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) might represent an efficacious treatment modality for the severe steroid-resistant HE cases. We presented a patient with HE who developed a complete recovery after the IVIG therapy followed by a long-lasting remission. Case report. We described herien a female patient with the one-year history of autoimmune thyroiditis before the development of neuropsychiatric manifestations. In May 1999, a 38-year-old woman presented at the Institute of Neurology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, with the brain-stem syndrome which responded well to steroid treatment. After detailed examinations, the diagnosis of Hashimoto's encephalopathy was established. Two years later, in June 2001, new manifestations (unsteadiness in gait, personality changes, seizures, and persistent headache) gradually developed during a 6 month period. Response to steroids was unsatisfactory and partial, since headaches and personality changes had continuously worsened. In January 2002, the patient received IVIG (0.4 g/kg body weight daily for 5 days). Gradual improvement was noticed and a complete recovery developed over the following weeks. Up to March 2009 during a 7-year follow-up period, remission persisted. Conclusion. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of a long-lasting remission of Hashimoto's encephalopathy after IVIG therapy. Therefore, this case further supports administration of IVIG, as a potentially beneficial treatment modality, in severe cases of Hashimoto's encephalopathy which are completely or partially resistant to steroids.


Moon I.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Kim S.-W.,Seoul National University | Han D.H.,Seoul National University | Shin J.M.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy | Year: 2011

Background: Although mucosal cysts in the paranasal sinuses (PSMCs) are commonly detected, the long-term follow-up studies of PSMCs are sparse. This study evaluated the natural course of PSMCs and identified risk factors for the disease progression. Methods: A total of 133 subjects with PSMCs who underwent health checkup including brain magnetic resonance imaging more than two times with an interval of ≥24 months between January 2000 and December 2009 were included. The characteristics of PSMCs were analyzed on the initial and follow-up images. Nasal symptoms, smoking status, and comorbid medical conditions were evaluated using structured questionnaires and medical records. Results: The mean follow-up duration was 40.38 months (range, 24.0-109.8 months). The mean size of PSMCs decreased from 15.07 to 12.73 mm. Only 8.3% of subjects showed an increase in size, whereas the size of cysts was decreased or unchanged in the remaining 91.7% of subjects. Six (4.5%) subjects complained of nasal symptoms during follow-up and subsequent sinusitis was developed in 3% of subjects. An increase in cyst size was associated with development of sinusitis (odds ratio = 45.375). Initial size of cysts >20 mm and bilateral location were significant risk factors for progression (p = 0.019 and p = 0.039, respectively). Conclusion: The majority of PSMCs in this follow-up study were decreased or unchanged and most subjects were asymptomatic. Just observation is enough for most PSMCs. However, those who have a large cyst (>20 mm) or bilateral cysts at initial diagnosis were at risk for disease progression and should be regularly followed. Copyright © 2011, OceanSide Publications, Inc.


Moon I.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Lee J.-E.,Seoul National University | Kim S.-T.,Seoul National University | Han D.H.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
Rhinology | Year: 2011

Background: Though mucosal cysts in the paranasal sinuses (PSMCs) are common findings on radiographic images, the nature of PSMCs and risk factors for the development of PSMCs have not yet been determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of PSMCs using brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Methodology/Principal: A total of 6831 subjects who underwent health checkup including brain MR imaging were included in this study. The characteristics of PSMCs, including their location, number and size, as well as the presence of obstruction of the sinus ostium and sinusitis, were analysed using brain MR images. Structured questionnaires and medical records were reviewed to evaluate the smoking status and comorbid medical conditions. Results: The overall prevalence of PSMCs was 7.4% and was significantly higher in females than in males. PSMCs were most commonly found in the maxillary sinus, most of which were located unilaterally as a solitary cyst. Large cysts were associated with obstruction of the sinus ostium and subsequent sinusitis. Smoking was a single important risk factor for developing PSMCs. No significant associations were found between symptoms (nasal/respiratory) and the presence of PSMCs. Conclusions: The prevalence of PSMCs was 7.4% and decreased with age. Large cysts may lead to obstruction of the sinus and subsequent sinusitis. Smoking was an important risk factor for PSMCs, and the total amount of smoking correlated with cyst size. Most subjects were asymptomatic, and specific treatment was not performed.


Lee J.-E.,Chosun University | Ahn J.-C.,Seoul National University | Han D.-H.,Seoul National University | Kim D.-Y.,Seoul National University | And 7 more authors.
Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study evaluates offending allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) according to age that establish a minimal panel for skin prick test (SPT) allergens required to identify if a patient is sensitized. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed SPT results according to age to determine the minimum test battery panel necessary to screen at least 93%-95% of AR patients. Allergic skin tests (common airborne indoor and outdoor allergens) were performed on 7,182 patients from January 2007 to June 2011. All patients were classified into 9 groups according to age; subsequently, we investigated offending allergens by age group. Results: A total of 5,032 (70.1%) patients were found sensitized to at least one of the 55 aeroallergen extracts tested. The annual ranking of offending allergens was not significantly different from each other over the past 5 years. House dust mites (HDM) were the most prevalent allergens ranked from first to third for all 5 years. The allergens in the minimum test panel differed slightly among all age groups; in addition, the types of sensitized allergen sources were more diverse in the older versus younger age group. HDM covered a larger proportion of the sensitized allergens in the younger age group versus the older age group. Testing with 5 allergens (Dermatophagoides farinae, Tetranychus urticae, oak, mugwort and cockroach) adequately identified over 90% of the sensitized patients. Conclusions: A SPT with around 5-7 allergens adequately detected most of the sensitization in the majority of the age groups in Korea. However, this study suggests that physicians perform the SPT with appropriately selected allergens in each age category for the screening of AR. © The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology.


Kang H.-R.,Hanyang University | Kang H.-R.,Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Jee Y.K.,Dankook University | Kim Y.-S.,Hanyang University | And 16 more authors.
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics | Year: 2011

Recent investigations suggest genetic susceptibility of allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). However, the strength of association was variable according to phenotypes and ethnic backgrounds. To explore genetic markers for allopurinol-induced SCARs in Koreans, we genotyped human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles of 25 cases of allopurinol-induced SCARs (20 cases of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome and five cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis) and 57 patients tolerant to allopurinol. Frequencies of B*5801 [92.0 vs. 10.5%, Pc=2. 45×10-11, odds ratio (OR)=97.8], Cw*0302 (92.0 vs. 12.3%, Pc=9.39×10-11, OR=82.1), and A*3303 (88.0 vs. 26.3%, Pc=3.31×10-11, OR=20.5) were significantly higher in SCARs compared with tolerant controls. In contrast, A*0201 was not found in SCARs patients despite relatively high frequency in tolerant controls (29.8%). We found strong positive association of HLA-B*5801 and negative association of HLA-A*0201 with the development of allopurinol-induced SCARs in the Korean population. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.


Moon I.J.,Seoul National University | Lee D.Y.,Seoul National University | Suh M.-W.,Dankook University | Han D.H.,Seoul National University | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy | Year: 2010

Background: Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is a neoplasm in the nasal cavity, characterized by its local aggressiveness and tendency to cause malignancy. Despite the frequent recurrence of IP, few studies have reported the effects of situational parameters including smoking on the recurrence rate of IP. This study was performed to evaluate clinical and environmental factors including smoking that can predict neoplasm recurrence after surgery in patients with IP. Methods: This study was conducted retrospectively on 132 patients who were diagnosed with IP between November 1985 and September 2007. The study focused on the risk factors of recurrence, such as smoking behaviors, diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), allergic rhinitis (AR), the sites of tumor origin and involvement, neoplasm staging, and the surgical method. The age of the patients ranged from 22 to 85 years, and among the 132 patients, 39 patients were smokers (29.5%), 17 (13.3%) with DM, 31 (24.4%) with HTN, and 11 (9.3%) with AR. Results: The recurrence rate showed great disparity between the groups of smokers and nonsmokers: 28.2% of smokers suffered recurrence compared with 10.7% recurrence from the nonsmoker group. The Krouse stage IV group experienced more frequent recurrence than the stage I, II, and III groups. Some patients in Krouse stage III (5/72, 6.9%) and IV (3/3, 100%) groups underwent malignant transformation of IP. Histories of DM, HTN, and AR did not exert a statistically meaningful influence on the recurrence and malignant transformation. Conclusion: The smoking behavior and tumor with extranasal/sinus extension appear to be associated with recurrence of IP after surgical resection. Copyright © 2010, OceanSide Publications, Inc., U.S.A.

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