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Bachev H.,Tohoku University | Bachev H.,Institute of Agricultural Economics
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism

On March 11, 2011 the strongest recorded in Japan earthquake occurred which triggered a powerful tsunami and caused a nuclear accident in the Fukushima Daichi Nuclear Plant Station. The triple 2011 disaster has had immense impacts on people life, health and property, social infrastructure and economy, agri-food chains, natural and institutional environment, etc. in North-eastern Japan and beyond Due to the scale of the disasters and the number of affected agents, the effects’ multiplicities, spillovers, and long time horizon, the constant evolution of the nuclear crisis, the lack of “full” information and models of analysis, etc. the overall impacts of the 2011 disasters is far from being completely evaluated. Besides most information and publications are in Japanese. The goal of this paper is to assess the socio-economic and environmental impact of Match 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan. Firstly, a short description of the three events is presented. Next, the overall impacts on population, health and displacement assessed. Third, the effects of economy are evaluated. After that, diverse impacts on agri-food chains are presented. Finally, the impact on natural environment is assessed. A wide range of official governmental, farmers, industry and international organisations, and Tokyo Electric Power Company data as well as information from publications in media, research and experts reports, etc. have been extensively used. © 2015 ASERS Publishing House. All Rights Reserved. Source

Miljkovic J.Z.,Serbian Institute of Architecture and Urban and Spatial Planning of Serbia | Popovic V.,Institute of Agricultural Economics

Starting from the fact that land use regulations can directly affect assignment and reassignment of property rights over land, the authors examine the link between land use regulation and property rights in Serbia by analyzing relevant literature, as well as legislation and regulations. Current legal framework that regulates property rights over land is inconsistent in many parts, while the effects of land use regulations are very dependent on structural institutional transformations and interdependent on property rights. In this regard, the paper gives a critical overview of framework of property rights regime over land and urban construction and agricultural land regulation in Serbia. After reviewing existing literature, legislation and institutional regulation on the main issues of land use regulations and property rights, the authors discuss in particular redefinition of property rights over land, processes of privatization and restitution of land. The authors indicate that resolving property rights over land is very important both for social issues and for economy and regarding this, land restitution, supported by efficient land administration, is the precondition for successful privatization process. Source

Manos B.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Bournaris T.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Chatzinikolaou P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Berbel J.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Nikolov D.,Institute of Agricultural Economics
Land Use Policy

This paper aims to assess the effects of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm household behaviour and social sustainability by estimating main labour and employment indicators. The methodology used is scenario analysis based on multicriteria decision making in order to estimate and compare the impacts of different CAP scenarios on social indicators. A Multicriteria Mathematical Programming model was developed at farm household level and five future scenarios were used. The model estimates the farmers' utility function taking in account various conflicting criteria that can explain the farmers' behaviour. Then the model is used to simulate the impacts on social sustainability by estimating the social indicators mentioned above. The methodology was implemented to farm households in three case study areas, located in Macedonia Thrace (Greece), Guadalquivir Valley Andalusia (Spain) and Southern Eastern Planning Region (Bulgaria). © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Bachev H.,Institute of Agricultural Economics
Contemporary Economics

This paper incorporates the interdisciplinary New Institutional Economics in a comprehensive framework for analyzing risk management in the agri-food sector. First, it specifies the diverse types of agri-food risks (natural, technical, behavioral, economic, policy, etc.) and the modes of their management (market, private, public, and hybrid). Second, it defines the efficiency of risk management and identifies the factors (personal, institutional, dimensional, technological, and natural) of governance choice. Next, it presents stages in the analysis of risk management and the improvement of public intervention in the governance of risk. Finally, it identifies the contemporary opportunities and challenges for risk governance in the agri-food chain. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-2.2-02 | Award Amount: 1.88M | Year: 2008

European rural areas are undergoing major changes, including the impacts of migration, changes in settlement patterns, demographic ageing, changes in the nature of rural-urban interactions, a decreasing role of agriculture in terms of income and employment, and changes in governance systems. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the main expenditure chapter of the EU and is directly affecting the economy of rural areas. Assessing the impact of the CAP will help in re-addressing the CAP in the wider framework of EU policy objectives. The objective of the project CAP-IRE is to develop concepts and tools to support future CAP design, based on an improved understanding of long term socio-economic mechanisms of change in rural areas. Concepts and tools will be developed, shaped by state of art literature and a wide empirical testing. Coverage includes case study regions in 9 countries of the EU. The focus will be farm households as the reference agents in the connection between policy and socio-economic change, as well as between agriculture and other sectors of the economy. Account of the wider non-EU and non-rural scenarios will be taken. The first step of the project will be to devise concepts and tools able to fill the gaps in present knowledge on development in rural areas. In the second step, these concepts and tools will be applied in an empirical analysis of mechanisms of change in selected case study areas. In a third step, tools will be used to assess the impact of CAP in the selected areas. Expected results concern: an improved conceptual view of CAP relationships in the context of changing rural areas and a framework to assess reciprocal impacts between CAP and other drivers of change in a long term perspective; models and tools to assess changes in rural areas, with particular attention to the connection between CAP and other drivers; an assessment of present dynamics of change, including impacts of CAP in the selected case study areas.

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