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Nurul Islam G.M.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies | Yew T.S.,University Putra Malaysia | Viswanathan K.K.,Northern University of Malaysia
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2014

We examine the impact of the Community Based Fisheries Management (CBFM) on welfare of fishing households in Bangladesh. Our analyses demonstrate how the various types of livelihood assets contribute to household income of fishers in different types of water body areas such as closed beels (deeper depressions in the floodplain), open beels (lake), floodplain beels and rivers. Data for the study were obtained from two questionnaire-based field surveys conducted by the Bangladesh CBFM project office: a baseline study carried out in 2002 and an impact study in mid-2006. A total of 1994 households were randomly selected from 34 (51%) CBFM project water bodies in Bangladesh. Our study shows that fisher's income has significantly increased in floodplain beels (FPB), open beels (OB), and rivers. Fishers' income from fishing has been significantly reduced in closed beels (CB) due to excessive lease fees and stocking costs for aquaculture. The regression results indicate that natural, physical, and financial assets have significantly contributed to income of the fisher households in open beels, rivers, and floodplain beels. The CBFM organized fishers have changed their attitudes, improved trust, and resolved conflicts in open beels. Results of the study suggest that natural, physical, and financial assets play very significant roles in poverty reduction in CBFM areas in Bangladesh. There is a need to give priority to investment in social capital and financial credit for reducing poverty of fishers of Bangladesh. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ling S.M.,University Putra Malaysia | Ling S.M.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Abidin Z.Z.,Km | Nair V.,Taylors University | And 4 more authors.
Malaysian Forester | Year: 2011

The tourism industry in Malaysia is being transformed from low yield to high yield income. With the launch of the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP), Malaysia is set to achieve high income nation status by the end of the decade. Rural tourism and ecotourism is growing at a phenomenal rate in Malaysia and is expected to be a major contributor to the nation's tourism receipt. Nonetheless, in the last decade, the concept of ecotourism and rural tourism has melded with mainstream tourism to lose its distinctness. Consequently, the tourism industry's growth through-out the years has created an increasing amount of stress economically, socially and environmentally. For a sustainable development of the rural tourism sector, the benefits must be equitably distributed among the private interests, public sector, tourists and local population. Criteria and indicators of sustainability that reflect the costs and benefits must be precise yet simple enough to be understood and easily implemented by field staff. The objective of this study is to develop criteria and indicators of sustainability for Taman Negara. The study uses Delphi technique to identify and develop a set of priority criteria and indicators, which is used to determine the sustainability of the development of Taman Negara National Park. The results of the study produced a set of 15 criteria and 58 indicators of sustainability which are comparable to the lists adopted by international, regional and national programs in the development of criteria and indicators. The indicators encompass the components of economic, social and environmental values associated with responsible development. These indicators will then be used in the development of a tourism barometer that will act as a national integrated tourism management system. This fundamental study plays an important role in innovating new approaches by developing indicators to holistically measure the multi-dimensional relationships between different tourism models and the linkages to local economies and environment in key natural and rural destinations in Malaysia. Source

Islam G.N.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies | Yew T.S.,University Putra Malaysia | Abdullah N.M.R.,University Putra Malaysia | Mohd Noh K.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies
Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities | Year: 2010

This paper analyses the household food-away-from-home (FAFH) expenditure pattern in Malaysia. For this purpose, the Tobit model was used to quantify the responsiveness of households' expenditure on FAFH to changes in their income and the household characteristics. The results show that households' FAFH expenditure has increased due to rise in income and changing lifestyle. Meanwhile, the household income has statistically significant influence on the FAFH expenditure for all types of meals, except for breakfast, although the FAFH expenditure for breakfast is positive. The positive effect of the total household income shows Malaysian households spent more by eating out as they have to spend more time at work and less time to prepare food at home. Breakfasts and lunches away from home have positive and inelastic income. The results indicate that household members have less choice but to consume breakfast and lunch away from home as their workplaces are usually far away from their homes and thus consume these meals at home are not cost-effective. They have greater flexibility in making decisions whether to consume at home or away from home for dinner and other meal. The estimated conditional and unconditional income elasticity for the households' FAFH expenditure for all types of meals shows that the FAFH expenditures by Malaysian households are income inelastic. This implies that the growth in the FAFH sector will largely be driven by household demographics, ethnic characteristics and region in Malaysia. The government should take appropriate measures to ensure that the meals are of high nutritious values, safe, and reasonably priced.© Universiti Putra Malaysia Press. Source

Sheng T.Y.,University Putra Malaysia | Sheng T.Y.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies | Shamsudin M.N.,University Putra Malaysia | Shamsudin M.N.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Food Products Marketing | Year: 2010

One distinct change in Malaysians' food consumption behavior has been the preference toward meat products. Thus it is meaningful to gain insight of meat consumption patterns. As the market becomes increasingly market-led, information on current meat consumption patterns is required to assess how they are likely to change as prices and incomes change. This study attempts to provide a better understanding of demand for meat products in Malaysia. By utilizing data from Household Expenditure Survey 2004/2005, Engel curve analysis was conducted to derive income elasticities of meat products from QUAIDS model. The estimated income elasticities show that current food consumption patterns are showing signs of convergence toward a Western diet, exhibiting tendency for preference toward red meats (mutton and beef) over white meats (poultry and pork). The estimated elastic own-price elasticities indicate that Malaysian consumers are sensitive to the change in prices of the meat products, with other things remain constant. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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