Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics

Warsaw, Poland

Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics

Warsaw, Poland
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Sielska A.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Kuszewski T.,Warsaw School of Economics
Journal of Central European Agriculture | Year: 2016

This paper examines the efficiency of agricultural production in the European Union and traces changes in the specialization of EU regions in terms of agricultural production using a territorial division based on the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). The studied period is from 1996 to 2011. The basic tool of quantitative analysis is the Data Envelopment Analysis method for testing the relative efficiency of objects. It is assumed that FADN regions are Decision Making Units as (DMUs) as defined by the DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) method. The specialization of a region is defined in terms of agricultural production and changes in specialization and the technological efficiency of production in the studied period are examined. Special attention is paid to FADN regions specializing in livestock production and a detailed classification of these regions by production efficiency is offered. It is examined how production efficiency changed in regions focusing on livestock production and whether or not these changes were influenced by the efficiency of agricultural production in neighboring regions. The study showed that there were no distinct patterns in the efficiency of FADN regions and no clear relationship between the efficiency of a specific region and the efficiency and specialization of neighboring regions. © 2016, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Agriculture. All rights reserved.

Syp A.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Faber A.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Borzecka-Walker M.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Osuch D.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2015

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) has been recognized as a suitable tool for efficiency assessment of the economic and environmental performance of multiple similar units in the agri-food sector. In the present study, DEA methodologies were applied to 55 winter wheat farms in three farm sizes in Poland to benchmark the level of operational efficiency for each producer. Next, the potential reduction in the consumption levels of inputs were defined, and the environmental profits linked to these reduction targets were calculating. Our results indicate that 55% of the analysed farms operated efficiently. The technical efficiency scores of inefficient farms were 0.72 for small farms and 0.84 for medium and large ones. The production of 1 kg winter wheat results with average greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 0.448, 0.481, and 0.411 kg CO2 eq. per kg of grain, for small, medium, and large farms, respectively. The performed analysis shows that GHG emissions per hectare depend on farm size and ranged from 2,378 kg CO2 e q. for the small farms to 2,759 kg CO2 eq. for large farms. The reduction of material input in inefficient farms, converted into environmental gains, resulted in GHG emissions reduction of 25.7, 29.0, and 28.6% for small, medium, and large farms, respectively. The estimated potential reduction of global warming potential (GWP) according to the DEA for the whole sample ranged from 7 to 18%, and was dependent on farm size. The major contributor to GWP was nitrous oxide field emissions (49-52%), followed by nitrogen fertilizer (31-33%), and diesel (11-13%). Raising operational efficiency is recommended for potential environmental improvement in the surveyed region. © 2015, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. All rights reserved.

Wrzaszcz W.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Zegar J.S.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Prandecki K.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science | Year: 2015

The basis of sustainable agriculture is to maintain a constant, highest possible level of soil fertility, which is one of the main conditions for long-term increasing of agricultural productivity. This condition can be achieved through the use of appropriate agricultural practices, which not only provide ecosystem services, but also are the crucial factor of biodiversity conservation. Agriculture productivity is a multidimensional issue that creates premises to analysis from both environmental and economic efficiency perspective. The purpose of this article is to assess organisation and efficiency of farms in terms of production and economics, depending on the balance of soil organic matter and agricultural area of the farms. The study covered 1281.9 thousand Polish individual farms with an area of at least 1 ha of agricultural land. The results indicated that the share of farms with a positive and negative balance of organic matter was similar, both in terms of farms numbers and the level of production factors involved and the standard agricultural output. It is also noted that the maintenance of adequate soil fertility is easier with the increase in area of the farm. Farms with positive and negative balance of organic matter differed in terms of organisation of plant and animal production. Farms which preserved the productive potential of the soil were characterised by more structure-forming plants. In addition, an important factor in the proper balancing of soil organic matter and the level of economic benefits is the scale and intensity of livestock production. Organic fertilisers are an important determinant of the soil fertility, but too intensive production can disturb the local agro-ecosystem balance. The results seem to be promising as they indicate positive - desired relationships between environmental and economic objectives at the farm level. © 2015, National Centre for Agrarian Sciences. All rights reserved.

Sikorska A.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2010

The study is aimed at the analysis of the situation in the agricultural land market in Poland, including the identification and description of factors affecting the turnover and rules governing trade in agricultural land and the influence of the Agricultural Property Agency on the supply and demand relationships in trade in agricultural land. The main and critical factors affecting the demand-supply relations in the market are identified. Analysis allows to draw the conclusion that.

Skarzynska A.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Abramczuk L.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Jablonski K.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Journal of Central European Agriculture | Year: 2016

Main aim of this paper was to demonstrate the impact of cultivation intensity on economic of selected activities of crop production in Poland. The projection of income of these activities in mid-term perspective, i.e. in 2016, has also been developed. Studies have shown that for cultivation technology of low intensity, as compared to high, the economic results of examined activities were more favourable. The profitability of production, expressed as a ratio of the value of production to economic costs, was higher by 10.0 to 52.7%. According to the projection results, in the highly intensive cultivation, high costs and dynamics of growth, stronger than growth of income, had a negative impact on the level of income. It is expected, even with an exceptionally high yield, income level will be lower than in the cultivation of low intensity. The results show that the use of technological progress can reduce a negative impact of chemicals on the environment while maintaining the high economic efficiency of production. © 2016, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Agriculture. All rights reserved.

Czulowska M.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Zekalo M.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Journal of Central European Agriculture | Year: 2016

Intensification of milk production is associated with an increase in the number of dairy cows and milk yielding. In order to maintain high milk yield and quality of the produced raw material it is very important to adjust the appropriately balanced dose of feeds. Production of good quality own roughage is a valuable and cheap source of food for animals, but it may be insufficient to provide high milk yielding. As a result, it is necessary to buy commercial concentrated feedingstuffs (mainly protein concentrates and concentrated compounds) which may lead to an increase of production costs. Intensification of milk production in the economic aspect is justified only in the case of a simultaneous increase in the profitability of this production, which is the relation of the production value and incurred costs. For the economic purpose of milk production the way of feeding the dairy cows should also result from economic calculation and the purchase of commercial feedingstuffs must be economically justified. This article attempts to answer the question whether the increased consumption of commercial concentrated feedingstuffs and increased direct costs are justified by achieved economic results from milk production. The accountancy data were collected according to the methodology of the AGROKOSZTY and Polish FADN system among dairy farms. Grouping of the surveyed farms concerned a level of commercial feedingstuff quantity which (as shown by statistical analysis) was strongly correlated with milk yielding. The designated groups (with small level and high level of usage of commercial feedingstuffs) were analysed in terms of direct costs and labour input as well as the level of income from the activity. The economic results of the surveyed farms showed that the higher costs incurred for the purchase of commercial feedstuffs in the group with high usage of commercial feedingstuffs (average herd in the group was 30 dairy cows with milk yielding of 6,000 liters per cow) did not allow to achieve much better economic results than in the group with small usage of commercial feedstuffs (average herd in group was 15 cows with milk yielding of 5,200 litres per cow). © 2016, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Agriculture. All rights reserved.

Florianczyk Z.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Janc K.,Wrocław University | Czapiewski K.L.,Polish Academy of Sciences
Geographia Polonica | Year: 2012

The main aim of the work described here was to investigate knowledge transfer to farms, as well as to analyse the levels of knowledge present as this relates to farm performance. Possible inefficiency of knowledge utilisation was investigated at the levels of the individual farm, the gmina (commune - unit of local government administration in Poland) and the region. It emerged from this that the performance of farms was closely related to level of knowledge, with results offering a basis for the elaboration of different models for knowledge transfer in agriculture. Specifically, the three models distinguished in relation to the path of information flow are peer to peer, global information or direct from supplier. © Zbigniew Floriańczyk, Krzysztof Janc, Konrad L. Czapiewski.

The article presents the economic situation of farms specialising in milk production in Poland in the 2004-2009 period. These data base on the survey of agricultural holdings in the European Union carried out under the Farm Accountancy Data Network system. The research aimed at determining the size of production scale, measured by the number of cows on the farm providing enough income to pay for the work of farmers and their family members at the parity level, i.e. level which is achieved by those employed in the national economy. The income situation of farms was analysed taking into account the support in the form of direct payments and without this support. Research shows that parity income is achieved in farms that have stronger links with the market. On average for the 2004-2009 period, farmers keeping at least 28 cows with a yield at the level of the 5,300 kg of milk and without payments were able to achieve income which surpassed parity income. The situation of those farms is stable to the point that small fluctuations in the milk prices, or the prices for means of production, do not cause a negative financial result. Farms with smaller herds of cows are much more susceptible to changes in the market economy and it is often the case that the EU payments save their economic situation. On the basis of the results obtained, it can be concluded that given the appropriate scale, intensity and organisation of production agricultural holdings can provide stable welfare to families. © Journal of Central Europian Agriculture 2013.

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