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Syp A.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Faber A.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Borzecka-Walker M.,Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation | Osuch D.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) has been recognized as a suitable tool for efficiency assessment of the economic and environmental performance of multiple similar units in the agri-food sector. In the present study, DEA methodologies were applied to 55 winter wheat farms in three farm sizes in Poland to benchmark the level of operational efficiency for each producer. Next, the potential reduction in the consumption levels of inputs were defined, and the environmental profits linked to these reduction targets were calculating. Our results indicate that 55% of the analysed farms operated efficiently. The technical efficiency scores of inefficient farms were 0.72 for small farms and 0.84 for medium and large ones. The production of 1 kg winter wheat results with average greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 0.448, 0.481, and 0.411 kg CO2 eq. per kg of grain, for small, medium, and large farms, respectively. The performed analysis shows that GHG emissions per hectare depend on farm size and ranged from 2,378 kg CO2 e q. for the small farms to 2,759 kg CO2 eq. for large farms. The reduction of material input in inefficient farms, converted into environmental gains, resulted in GHG emissions reduction of 25.7, 29.0, and 28.6% for small, medium, and large farms, respectively. The estimated potential reduction of global warming potential (GWP) according to the DEA for the whole sample ranged from 7 to 18%, and was dependent on farm size. The major contributor to GWP was nitrous oxide field emissions (49-52%), followed by nitrogen fertilizer (31-33%), and diesel (11-13%). Raising operational efficiency is recommended for potential environmental improvement in the surveyed region. © 2015, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. All rights reserved. Source

Sikorska A.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis

The study is aimed at the analysis of the situation in the agricultural land market in Poland, including the identification and description of factors affecting the turnover and rules governing trade in agricultural land and the influence of the Agricultural Property Agency on the supply and demand relationships in trade in agricultural land. The main and critical factors affecting the demand-supply relations in the market are identified. Analysis allows to draw the conclusion that. Source

Florianczyk Z.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Janc K.,Wroclaw University | Czapiewski K.L.,Polish Academy of Sciences
Geographia Polonica

The main aim of the work described here was to investigate knowledge transfer to farms, as well as to analyse the levels of knowledge present as this relates to farm performance. Possible inefficiency of knowledge utilisation was investigated at the levels of the individual farm, the gmina (commune - unit of local government administration in Poland) and the region. It emerged from this that the performance of farms was closely related to level of knowledge, with results offering a basis for the elaboration of different models for knowledge transfer in agriculture. Specifically, the three models distinguished in relation to the path of information flow are peer to peer, global information or direct from supplier. © Zbigniew Floriańczyk, Krzysztof Janc, Konrad L. Czapiewski. Source

Czulowska M.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Zekalo M.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Journal of Central European Agriculture

Intensification of milk production is associated with an increase in the number of dairy cows and milk yielding. In order to maintain high milk yield and quality of the produced raw material it is very important to adjust the appropriately balanced dose of feeds. Production of good quality own roughage is a valuable and cheap source of food for animals, but it may be insufficient to provide high milk yielding. As a result, it is necessary to buy commercial concentrated feedingstuffs (mainly protein concentrates and concentrated compounds) which may lead to an increase of production costs. Intensification of milk production in the economic aspect is justified only in the case of a simultaneous increase in the profitability of this production, which is the relation of the production value and incurred costs. For the economic purpose of milk production the way of feeding the dairy cows should also result from economic calculation and the purchase of commercial feedingstuffs must be economically justified. This article attempts to answer the question whether the increased consumption of commercial concentrated feedingstuffs and increased direct costs are justified by achieved economic results from milk production. The accountancy data were collected according to the methodology of the AGROKOSZTY and Polish FADN system among dairy farms. Grouping of the surveyed farms concerned a level of commercial feedingstuff quantity which (as shown by statistical analysis) was strongly correlated with milk yielding. The designated groups (with small level and high level of usage of commercial feedingstuffs) were analysed in terms of direct costs and labour input as well as the level of income from the activity. The economic results of the surveyed farms showed that the higher costs incurred for the purchase of commercial feedstuffs in the group with high usage of commercial feedingstuffs (average herd in the group was 30 dairy cows with milk yielding of 6,000 liters per cow) did not allow to achieve much better economic results than in the group with small usage of commercial feedstuffs (average herd in group was 15 cows with milk yielding of 5,200 litres per cow). © 2016, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Agriculture. All rights reserved. Source

The article presents the economic situation of farms specialising in milk production in Poland in the 2004-2009 period. These data base on the survey of agricultural holdings in the European Union carried out under the Farm Accountancy Data Network system. The research aimed at determining the size of production scale, measured by the number of cows on the farm providing enough income to pay for the work of farmers and their family members at the parity level, i.e. level which is achieved by those employed in the national economy. The income situation of farms was analysed taking into account the support in the form of direct payments and without this support. Research shows that parity income is achieved in farms that have stronger links with the market. On average for the 2004-2009 period, farmers keeping at least 28 cows with a yield at the level of the 5,300 kg of milk and without payments were able to achieve income which surpassed parity income. The situation of those farms is stable to the point that small fluctuations in the milk prices, or the prices for means of production, do not cause a negative financial result. Farms with smaller herds of cows are much more susceptible to changes in the market economy and it is often the case that the EU payments save their economic situation. On the basis of the results obtained, it can be concluded that given the appropriate scale, intensity and organisation of production agricultural holdings can provide stable welfare to families. © Journal of Central Europian Agriculture 2013. Source

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