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Vazquez L.R.,Institute Nutricion E Higiene Of Los Alimentos
Revista Espanola de Nutricion Comunitaria | Year: 2012

To try to establish a discourse from philosophy in such complex aspects in today's world as food education and culture, requires an analysis without prejudices of the external and internal reality, since their components by nature point to the discussion, philosophical or not, depending on the knowledge of those who are inserted in the debates. As a general rule, the complexities of this theme should be visualized from the performances in the communities and to intervene in them. Otherwise, certain assumption may be established, either educational or cultural, that at best oversimplifies the essence of these concepts. Source

Montoya A.E.,Hospital Pediatrico Universitario | Behar R.R.,Hospital Pediatrico Universitario | Menendez A.O.,Institute Nutricion E Higiene Of Los Alimentos
Revista Cubana de Pediatria | Year: 2011

INTRODUCTION. Cystic fibrosis is a disease of airways, pancreas and intestinal tract. The nutritional control is a decisive feature in treatment of disease. The objective of present paper was to characterize a group of patients in nutritional support and rehabilitation phases. METHODS. A prospective study was conducted in 7 patients aged under 18 admitted for treatment in the cystic fibrosis specialized unit or the William Soler University Children Hospital of La Habana. At admission and at discharge, we made anthropometric measurements with a classification of malnourished, low weight and normal weight. Values were compared to those of growth and development tables of Cuban population. RESULTS. In three patients a nutritional support intervention was applied and four patients were also treated with supplementary enteral nutrition. During the nutritional assessment it was noted that caloric percentage distribution supplied by foods was of 12% for proteins, 37% for fats and 51% for carbohydrates. Energy supplied by foods consumed was of 4360 kcal, 134,27 g of protein, 177,51 g of fats and 558,20 g of carbohydrates. CONCLUSIONS. Increasing the food caloric density and applying the enteral nutrition in patients there were an increment of ponderal gain and an improvement of nutritional status. Source

Pita M.T.S.,Instituto Nacional Of Higiene | Martinez M.V.L.,Institute Nutricion E Higiene Of Los Alimentos
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiologia | Year: 2014

A brief commentary is presented about the work done by the Health Registry in the year 2013, with the purpose of informing those interested in the topic about the achievements, weaknesses and work projections set by this team of specialists for the coming years. © 2014, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All right reserved. Source

A descriptive, cross-sectional study of 31 patients with a history of drug addiction, admitted to the Detoxification Center Adolescent Havana (CDA) in the period from May 2006 to May 2007 performed a characterization from the point of view was performed sociodemographic and biological variables by analyzing how substance addictions and behavioral addictions, had fully impact on them. Data were entered in Excel and exported to statistical software package SPSS 11.5 in its version with which information is processed. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Males prevailed; marijuana was the substance began drinking in patients ages 10-19 years. Polydrug excelled as a form of consumption at the time of admission, from a biological point of view we look at the neurological level disturbance, liver, eye and cardiovascular lesser extent. Source

Alvarez V.R.,Institute Nutricion E Higiene Of Los Alimentos | Pena Y.P.,Institute Nutricion E Higiene Of Los Alimentos | Acosta M.R.,Laboratorio Of Inmunologia
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomedicas | Year: 2010

In the development and functioning of immune system influenced essential factors like an appropriate nutritional balance and the exposition, from birth, to different microorganisms. The intestinal microbiota, although beneficial, must to be maintained within some margins. We propose that modifications in the intestinal microbiota leading to a chronic state of endotoxemia could be a key factor associated with increase in the adiposity. In obese patients Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes level is increased, which could be modified with specific changes in the lifestyle. The immune system and the metabolism have evolved in a close interrelationship with broad morphological and functional links. It is emphasize the fact that the great portion of immune system cells are located in or around the bowel and that be justly the energy accumulation as visceral fat the more associated one with the diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, strokes, cardiovascular disease and even some types of cancer (obesity comorbidities). The intrauterine malnutrition could a priori, to creates the immune system dysfunction, subsequently potentiated by a poor breastfeeding, an obesogenic diet and physical inactivity. All these factors will favor a more aggressive intestinal microbiota provoking a chronic inflammation characteristic of obesity. Interactions among the intestinal microbiota, the immune system, inflammation, obesity and comorbidities suggest that the immune response could be noxious in metabolic overload conditions and that the energy accumulation as fat mainly the intra-abdominal one could be the organism response to unfavorable modifications of intestinal microbiota. Source

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