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Rubio L.A.,Institute Nutricion Animal
Archives of Animal Nutrition | Year: 2011

The portal appearance rates and net rates of amino acids' absorption were studied in rats fed semi-synthetic diets containing either casein or lactalbumin (CAS and LA, respectively) as the only protein sources. Rats were pre-adapted to the experimental diets for 5 days prior to the absorption studies. Rats fed the LA diet had higher (p < 0.05) portal vein concentrations of free essential amino acids than those fed the CAS diet at 0, 60, 105 and 150 min after feeding. Portal and arterial concentrations of arginine, leucine, tryptophan, lysine and methionine were higher (p < 0.05) in rats fed LA at most time points tested, while concentrations of tyrosine were higher (p < 0.05) in CAS fed rats. When portal flow rates were compared, values for arginine, threonine, alanine, leucine, tryptophan and lysine were higher (p < 0.05) in LA at most time points tested, while proline, tyrosine and valine were higher (p < 0.05) for CAS fed rats after 60 and 105 min feeding. Portal blood flow varied (p < 0.05) with time in rats fed protein-free or LA diets, and was higher (p < 0.05) than that of CAS at 105 min. Intestinal net rates of absorption of tyrosine, valine, leucine and lysine were higher (p < 0.05) for LA fed rats as compared to those fed CAS at most time points tested, while alanine and proline net rates were higher (p < 0.05) for CAS fed rats at 60, 105 and 150 min. Amounts of protein in stomach contents of rats fed the CAS diet were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those in LA fed rats at 60, 105 and 150 min after feeding. The relative liver weight of the rats fed the CAS diet was lower (p < 0.05) than that of animals fed the LA diet. Lower (p < 0.05) liver glycogen and lipid contents were determined in rats fed CAS diet respect to LA or protein-free fed rats. Results indicate that dietary and plasma amino acids profile are only partially related, and that under normal feeding conditions amino acids from CAS and LA are absorbed at different rates, which is likely to affect liver composition and metabolism. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Ramos Morales E.,Institute Nutricion Animal | de la Torre Adarve G.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Molina Alcaide E.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Sanz Sampelayo M.R.,Institute Nutricion Animal
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition | Year: 2010

The N and energy utilization of diets with different legume seeds was analysed in lactating goats. Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were used and in each case 30% of the protein was supplied by one of four different legume seeds: lupins (L), faba beans (FB), bitter vetch (BV) and vetch (V). A group of eight Granadina goats, allocated to a replicated 4 × 4 Latin Square, were used. The N and energy utilization of the different diets may be considered adequate; milk N/intake N was approximately 0.20, milk N/N balance was approximately 0.50 and milk energy/metabolizable energy was approximately 0.30. Under similar N and energy intakes, faecal and urinary excretion of N and the quantities in milk did not vary significantly. However, the partition of the N balance between milk production and deposit within the body varied depending on the diet. Although this N available to the metabolism was the highest for the FB diet, the quantity of this directed to milk was the lowest. Finally, the faecal and urinary excretion with respect to the quantity directed to milk production did not vary significantly among the different diets. © 2009 The Authors. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

Ceballos L.S.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Sampelayo M.R.S.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Extremera F.G.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Osorio M.R.,Institute Nutricion Animal
Food and Agricultural Immunology | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to examine the sensitisation capacity of goat milk (GM) and cow milk (CM) by the oral or the parenteral route, and thus determine whether the serologic responses developed are different, identify the proteins targeted by the antibodies thus formed, and determine whether these antibodies depend on the immunisation route employed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the specific antibodies of the isotypes IgG1 and IgG(Fc) developed againstGMand CM. The sera from the animals immunised parenterally developed a stronger serologic response than did those immunised by the oral route. When CM was used as the immunising agent, the specific isotopic response was stronger than that obtained with GM. There were no differences in the antigen profile revealed by the sera of the animals immunised by the oral or parenteral routes. A marked degree of cross-reactivity between the two types of milk was found. ©2010 Taylor & Francis.

Castellano R.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Aguinaga M.A.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Nieto R.,Institute Nutricion Animal | Aguilera J.F.,Institute Nutricion Animal | And 2 more authors.
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2013

Little information is available concerning mineral metabolism in suckling piglets. The utilization of milk minerals and the mineral composition of Iberian (IB) suckling piglets were studied in two consecutive experiments at different ambient temperatures (trial 1, 27 ± 2°C; trial 2, 22 ± 2°C). Milk composition and the piglets' performance were determined weekly over a 34 days lactation period and, at the end, body mineral contents were analyzed and mineral retention and bioavailability were calculated. The ash content in IB sows' milk and in suckling IB piglets was found to be higher than that reported for lean genotypes. During lactation, mean ash content per unit of body weight gain in IB piglets (40.6 g kg-1) was 42% higher than that observed for lean breeds, and weaned IB piglets contained 60% more Ca (11-12.7 g kg-1 empty body weight) and P (7-7.5 g kg-1 empty body weight), compared with conventional pigs. Minerals from milk were retained by the IB piglet with an overall efficiency of 78.3%, 66.3% and 48.7% for Ca, P and Mg, respectively. Significant differences between trials were observed in the mineral fraction composition of the milk, which were reflected in piglet body composition at weaning, presumably due to differences in ambient temperature. Present findings underline genotype differences in mineral composition of sow's milk and suckling piglets and may provide a useful starting point for formulating milk-replacer diets for IB piglets.

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