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Othy S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Othy S.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Bruneval P.,Institute National Of La Sante Et Of La Recherche Medicale Unite 970 | Topcu S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Autoimmunity | Year: 2012

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is a therapeutic preparation consisting of pools of normal, polyspecific IgG antibodies obtained from plasma of several thousand healthy individuals. In addition to its use in primary and secondary immune deficiency, IVIg is increasingly used in the therapy of a large number of autoimmune conditions. Despite its successful use in immunopathologies for over two decades, the precise mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefit have not been fully elucidated. We and others have demonstrated that IVIg inhibits the antigen uptake and presentation by dendritic cells (DC). Here we report that IVIg-mediated inhibition of uptake and processing of antigens is associated with an increased accumulation of lipid as analyzed by flow cytometry and electron microscopy. As accumulation of lipids in DC is known to impart tolerogenic properties, these findings unravel novel link between antibodies and intracellular physiology of innate cells and may further uncover novel immunoregulatory mechanisms of IVIg in auto-inflammatory diseases. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Van Geuns R.-J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Tamburino C.,University of Catania | Fajadet J.,Clinique Pasteur | Vrolix M.,Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg | And 13 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2012

Objectives: This study sought to investigate whether self-expanding stents are more effective than balloon-expandable stents for reducing stent malapposition at 3 days after implantation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Background: Acute myocardial infarction is associated with vasoconstriction and large thrombus burden. Resolution of vasoconstriction and thrombus load during the first hours to days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention may lead to stent undersizing and malapposition, which may subsequently lead to stent thrombosis or restenosis. In addition, aggressive stent deployment may cause distal embolization. Methods: Eighty patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to receive a self-expanding stent (STENTYS, STENTYS SA, Paris, France) (n = 43) or a balloon-expandable stent (VISION, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California; or Driver, Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota) (n = 37) at 9 European centers. The primary endpoint was the proportion of stent strut malapposition at 3 days after implantation measured by optical coherence tomography. Secondary endpoints included major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, emergent bypass surgery, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization). Results: At 3 days after implantation, on a per-strut basis, a lower rate of malapposed stent struts was observed by optical coherence tomography in the self-expanding stent group than in the balloon-expandable group (0.58% vs. 5.46%, p < 0.001). On a per-patient basis, none of the patients in the self-expanding stent group versus 28% in the balloon-expandable group presented ≥5% malapposed struts (p < 0.001). At 6 months, major adverse cardiac events were 2.3% versus 0% in the self-expanding and balloon-expandable groups, respectively (p = NS). Conclusions: Strut malapposition at 3 days is significantly lower in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients allocated to self-expanding stents when than in those allocated to balloon-expandable stents. The impact of this difference on clinical outcome and the risk of late stent thrombosis need to be evaluated further. (Randomized Comparison Between the STENTYS Self-expanding Coronary Stent and a Balloon-expandable Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction [APPOSITION II]; NCT01008085) © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Nakatani S.,Erasmus Medical Center | Onuma Y.,Erasmus Medical Center | Ishibashi Y.,Erasmus Medical Center | Karanasos A.,Erasmus Medical Center | And 17 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2015

Aims: The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency and mechanisms of sequential incomplete stent apposition (ISA) changes such as persistent, resolved or newly acquired ISA during the first three days after primary PCI (pPCI) in a matched segment-level analysis, with the comparison between self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: The current analysis is a substudy of the APPOSITION II study that included 69 patients (self-expanding: 35, balloon-expandable: 34) using serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) post procedure and three days after pPCI. In order to evaluate a temporal change in ISA, stented regions were segmented using fiduciary landmarks. In a total of 228 corresponding segments, persistent and newly acquired ISA were less frequently observed in self-expanding stents than in balloon-expandable stents (11.5% vs. 33.9%, p<0.01, 2.7% vs. 14.8%, p<0.01, respectively). New appearances of ISA were caused by tissue resorption, vasorelaxation and "early" recoil in balloon-expandable stents, and only tissue resorption in self-expanding stents. Conclusions: Three days after pPCI, tissue resorption and vasorelaxation were biological factors associated with new appearance of ISA while "early" recoil of balloon-expandable stents was a mechanical factor. Both persistent ISA and newly acquired ISA occurred less frequently in self-expanding stents, resulting in a low number of ISA segments compared to balloon-expandable stents. Clinical Trials Registration Information: Randomised Comparison Between the STENTYS Self-expanding Coronary Stent and a Balloon-expandable Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APPOSITION II). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01008085.

Boulkroun S.,Institute National Of La Sante Et Of La Recherche Medicale Unite 970 | Boulkroun S.,University of Paris Descartes | Samson-Couterie B.,Institute National Of La Sante Et Of La Recherche Medicale Unite 970 | Samson-Couterie B.,University of Paris Descartes | And 21 more authors.
Endocrinology | Year: 2011

Aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) is the most common form of surgically curable hypertension. To further understand mechanisms involved in APA formation, we investigated the expression of molecules linked to adrenal stem/precursor cells [β-catenin, Sonic hedgehog (Shh), CD56], and nuclear receptors that play key roles in adrenocortical development and function steroidogenic factor 1, dosage-sensitive sex reversal-adrenal hypoplasia congenita critical region on the X chromosome, gene 1) in six control adrenal glands and 14 adrenals with APA and compared their expression with that of specific markers of zona glomerulosa (ZG) [CYP11B2, Disabled 2 (Dab2)]. Both Dab2 and CD56 were expressed in ZG. Although Dab2 associates uniquely with differentiated ZG cells and its expression is lost when cells transdifferentiate to zona fasciculata (ZF) cells, CD56 wasalso expressed in ZFandin aldosterone-producing cell clusters, confirming that these structures possess an intermediate phenotype between ZG and ZF cells. Shh was barely detectable in cells located to the outer part of the ZG in the control adrenal; in contrast, its expression was detected in the entireAPAandwasdramatically increased in the hyperplastic peritumoral ZG. Transcriptome profiling revealed differential expression of components of Shh signaling pathway in a subgroup of APA. Similarly, Wnt/β-catenin signaling was activated in the majority of APA as well as in the entire peritumoral adrenal cortex; however, no mutation was identified in the CTNNB1 gene that could account for β-catenin activation. Our data suggest that both APA and adjacent ZG present characteristics of stem/precursor cells; the reexpression of genes involved in fetal adrenal development could underlie excessive ZG cell proliferation and APA formation. Copyright © 2011 by The Endocrine Society.

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