Institute National dEtudes Demographiques

Paris, France

Institute National dEtudes Demographiques

Paris, France
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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.3.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2014

The overall objective of the TEMPER project consists of providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration, not only among prospective migrants but also among current residents in the EU. These initiatives usually rely on a poor understanding of the ultimate reasons why some migrants spontaneously return to their country of origin while others do not, and why some of them re-migrate after return. More importantly, it is far from being clear that circular migration actually responds to the needs and expectations of many (potential) migrants from third-countries, and entails for them and their families more benefits than alternative forms of mobility. To overcome this lack of understanding, the TEMPER project will pursue three main objectives: (1) to identify the main drivers of return and circulation decisions of migrants recently involved in temporary and permanent migration, (2) to measure and explain the role that different programs and immigration policies at large have played in shaping those individual decisions and, (3) to assess the impact that different types of temporary, permanent and circular mobility have for migrant and non-migrant workers, their families and their employers. Two implicit assumptions will be tested. First, that circularity is a realistic alternative to both strictly temporary labour and permanent settlement because there exists a large enough pool of prospective migrants and returnees interested in engaging in circular mobility. Secondly, that circularity benefits the involved parties, including migrants, their families and their areas of origin, more than traditional forms of migration.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.49M | Year: 2009

The proposed project aims at improving the ability of the social sciences to explain the causes and consequences of demographic developments, and in particular of the changing relationships between genders and generations, in a manner that would allow working out sustainable responses to policy challenges. The project develops an infrastructure that provides for a breakthrough towards better understanding of the forces that lie behind demographic developments by integrated analyses of the micro-level demographic choices of individuals and households and the various contexts in which they act. It develops and refines a multi-disciplinary population survey and a macro-level contextual database that cover the wide range of topics relevant for explaining demographic trends and behaviour, as well as their consequences. The project integrates the approaches from different disciplinary perspectives, such as demography, sociology, economics, political science, statistics, survey methodology, psychology and social psychology, and epidemiology. The work mainly builds on the platform of the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), including the Generations and Gender Survey and the GGP contextual database. The resulting European research infrastructure will provide a standardized and comparative approach to interdisciplinary analyses of demographic phenomena, which covers the wide range of different European societies, is oriented towards the needs of policy-making and relies on up-to-date data sources designed to meet these analytic needs.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-3.1-02 | Award Amount: 1.68M | Year: 2008

The main objective of the REPRO project is to upgrade the existing knowledge and to generate new scientific and policy-oriented knowledge on the factors that drive changes in the birth rates and influence the reproductive decision-making of contemporary Europeans. REPRO incorporates analyses in macro, micro, and macro-micro perspectives. At the macro level, we describe recent fertility trends observed across Europe and examine their association with selected macro-level social, economic and institutional indicators. At the micro level we use the social-psychological theory of planned behaviour to analyse the process of reproductive decision-making. The theory will be developed to fit specific demographic research on fertility intentions of individuals as well as of couples. We also use panel data to obtain insights into the realisation or non-realisation of fertility intentions. To this end, we make use of economic, sociological, and cultural theoretical approaches whose application has proved useful. The analyses at the micro-level are furthered by inferences based on available qualitative surveys. The macro-micro approach integrates the findings reached at the macro and at the micro level using comparable data sets on fertility intentions and behaviours available in most European countries and multi-level statistical techniques. This integrated approach sheds light on the impact and interrelatedness of diverse factors such as work patterns and employment, family formation, housing, gender roles and factors related to ideational change, cultural specifics and institutional settings. Finally, the integrated method of research generates knowledge that can be streamed into relevant policy construction and implementation. A synthesis of all findings will be performed to serve as a sound basis for drawing valuable policy implications.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2012.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 8.36M | Year: 2013

The main objectives of this project are to investigate the diversity of family forms, relationships, and life courses in Europe; to assess the compatibility of existing policies with these changes; and to contribute to evidence-based policy-making. The project will extend our knowledge on how policies promote well-being, inclusion and sustainable societal development among families. Our approach relies on three key premises. First, family life courses are becoming more diverse and complex. Second, individual lives are interdependent, linked within and across generations. Third, social contexts and policies shape individual and family life courses. Building upon these premises we a) explore the growing complexity of family configurations and transitions, b) examine their implications for men, women and children with respect to inequalities in life chances, intergenerational relations and care arrangements, c) investigate how policies address family diversity, d) develop short- and longer-term projections, and e) identify future policy needs. Transversal dimensions that are integrated into the project are gender, culture, socioeconomic resources and life stages. Our approach is multidisciplinary combining a wide range of expertise in social sciences, law and the humanities represented in the consortium of 25 research partners from 15 European countries, old and new member states, and three transnational civil society actors. We will conduct comparative analyses applying advanced quantitative methods to high quality register and survey data, and qualitative studies. The project will also develop a database of the legal content of family forms available in European countries, suitable for comparative analyses. Together with various stakeholders, government agencies, national and local policy-makers, non-governmental organizations and additional members of the scientific community across Europe, we will identify and disseminate innovation and best policy practices.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2017

The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) provides high quality cross-national, longitudinal data for the study of population change. The data provided by the GGP have been used by more than 3,000 researchers worldwide and have led to over 500 peer-reviewed journal articles. The data have provided insights into some of the most pressing societal challenges such as care for older persons, female employment, inequality, social exclusion, social mobility and migration. The overall objective of GGP-EPI is to bring the GGP to the level of maturity required for inclusion as an active project on the 2020 ESFRI Roadmap and eventually for its full implementation as a distributed research infrastructure. Specifically, the project sets out to Evaluate, Plan and Initiate the GGPs transition to a distributed research infrastructure through a series of activities which will strengthen all aspects of the project from its fieldwork operations through to its long term financing and governance. This includes: (1) To evaluate the GGPs governance and management structure and to identify the governance, financial, and legal model that will best serve the GGP and its various stakeholders; (2) To plan for the recent and foreseeable technological and data developments and identify the e-needs of the GGP; and (3) To initiate the centralization of the GGPs operations throughout its data life cycle and especially in connection with new data collection. In doing so, the GGP will strengthen its position in the European Research Area, and will deliver innovative, cutting edge data on population change for researchers and policy makers.


J-AGEII, the Coordination Action for implementation and alignment activities of the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) More Years Better Lives the Challenges and Opportunities of Demographic Change, will support and foster the overall management of the JPI, update the Strategic Research Agenda and support implementation through joint activities between Member States. Furthermore, the work plan will include dissemination and information exchange with scientific and societal stakeholders, policy makers and research funders as well as an evaluation and monitoring exercise. Ultimately, the project and the JPI seek to stimulate the alignment of relevant national programmes and EU initiatives, strengthen the base of multi-disciplinary and holistic ageing research in Europe and to provide scientific evidence for policy responses to demographic change.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2009-2.1.1. | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2010

Increasing concerns about sustainable development and the growth of urban areas have brought forth in recent years a renewed enthusiasm and need for the use of quantitative models in the field of transportation and spatial planning. This project proposes to improve urban simulation models and their interaction with transport models. Unified operational models that favour a microscopic approach, such as UrbanSim and ILUTE (Integrated Land Use, Transportation, and Environment Modelling System) have recently gained a lot of interest both in the land use and transport communities. Nevertheless, in their current forms these models still require further development to support a comprehensive analysis of the main environmental and socio-economic questions of the sustainability of urban growth and the relevant public policies. The goal of this project is to address the modelling and computational issues of integrating modern mobility simulations with the latest micro-simulation land use models. The project intends to advance the state-of-the-art in the field of the micro-simulation of prospective integrated models of Land-Use and Transport (LUTI). On the modelling side, the main challenges are to integrate a demographic evolution module, to add an environmental module, to improve the overall consistency and, last but not least, to deal with the multi-scale aspects of the problem: several time horizons and spatial resolutions are involved.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-3.1-03 | Award Amount: 2.03M | Year: 2008

African migration has become a major concern for European policy makers. New policy measures are under development, but they rely on a poor understanding of the underlying causes and consequences of African migration. The MAFE project aims to overcome this lack of understanding, in order to improve the quality of migration policies. This involves three interrelated objectives. Objective 1. Create a unique data set on Afro-European migration Comparable data will be collected in both sending and receiving countries, i.e. in sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. The project aim is to replicate a survey under way on Senegalese migration with new populations, i.e. Congolese and Ghanaians. The project methodology is built upon key studies on international migration in the world and will create unique data that is representative, longitudinal and multi-level. Objective 2: Provide new analyses through innovative techniques Using this new data, the MAFE project will employ methods of longitudinal data analysis to provide policy makers with new insights into the changing patterns and determinants of migration and circulation between Africa and Europe, as well as on the socio-economic changes associated with international migration. Objective 3: Create a policy dialogue MAFE fully integrates a process of policy dialogue in its design. Various stakeholders have already been consulted and will follow the development of the project. By using robust evidence, it will be possible to enhance the management of migration at both national and European levels. The MAFE database will be made available for the research community at the end of the project. Underpinning this project is the recognition that migration is not simply a one-way flow from Africa to Europe. Rather, return migration, circulation, and transnational actions are significant and need to be recognised in policy design.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 868.50K | Year: 2016

DEMOSTAF (DEMOgraphy-STatistics-for-Africa) brings together European and African research institutes as well as non academic African national statistics offices (NSOs) in a staff exchange programme, for a period of 48 months, with the aim to advance research on emerging population issues in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). DemoStAf is built around four major population-related themes: fertility, mortality & health, households & families and education. These themes federate the research projects conducted by the partners, and aim to shed light on key contemporaneous questions, with the objective to inform the post-2015 development agenda framed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) currently in discussion. The programme focuses on the articulation between quantitative data from national statistics (censuses and sample surveys) and local data (demographic surveillance systems or local vital registration). Thanks to the close involvement of NSOs, the programme will consolidate and promote public statistics. The programme will finance staff mobility between partners for supporting research projects, while reinforcing training and skill transfers. Collective activities essentially devoted to training, data documentation and scientific dissemination are also planned. DemoStAf involves 17 partners: 4 European academic institutions, well known for their African population expertise (INED and IRD in France, UCL in Belgium, Unige in Switzerland), 12 African partners from Burkina Faso (INSD and ISSP), Kenya (APHRC), Madagascar (INSTAT, INSPC, IPM, UCM), Mali (INSTAT), Senegal (ANSD, UCAD, UZ) and Uganda (UM). Among them, 4 are NSOs. Due to mutual interests in the promotion of demographic data, a Canadian academic institution (ODSEF) is also involved. A scientific advisory committee with 11 members associates key experts and promote international partnerships. In total, 94 individuals participate, 74 are involved in 166 secondments (that correspond to 193 months).


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IOF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IOF | Award Amount: 274.38K | Year: 2013

Surrogacy is a (new) way to conceive children, which is currently becoming a medical, political, and social issue in a context of growing globalization and reproductive medicalization. India has become an international leader for surrogacy and one of the main destinations for cross-border fertility care for Europeans. Surrogacy sheds light on new social, economic, demographic and medical issues at the national and international levels. It raises many questions in epidemiology and public health (why do Europeans use surrogacy instead of adoption for example? why and how do they use surrogacy in India?), demography (who are the intended parents and where do they come from? who are the Indian surrogate mothers?), sociology (what are the life-histories of intended parents and surrogate mothers? what leads them to surrogacy? what sense do they give to this practice?) and gender studies (what is its impact on womens conditions, on gender construction and on gender relationships? In a context of poverty, what justifies for Indian women to rent their wombs?). Through a mixed approach of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the project will study micro-realities of surrogacy in Mumbai among surrogate protagonists and will produce new empirical data. Based on training-through-research, the Marie Curie grant will assert my skills in three identified areas: generating knowledge on a new cultural background, strengthening my competencies in the field of survey methodology and enhancing my coverage of reproductive health issues by tackling the specific question of surrogacy. While surrogacy is becoming in Europe a burning issue for public health policies, few studies have addressed this new phenomenon, especially in developing countries. Understanding this practice both in terms of the offer side and of the demand side is timely in order to throw light on current debates.

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