Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM
Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM
Aguilar D.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology |
Aguilar D.,University Pompeu Fabra |
Aguilar D.,CIBER ISCIII |
Pinart M.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology |
And 44 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017
Background The mechanisms explaining the co-existence of asthma, eczema and rhinitis (allergic multimorbidity) are largely unknown. We investigated the mechanisms underlying multimorbidity between three main allergic diseases at a molecular level by identifying the proteins and cellular processes that are common to them. Methods An in silico study based on computational analysis of the topology of the protein interaction network was performed in order to characterize the molecular mechanisms of multimorbidity of asthma, eczema and rhinitis. As a first step, proteins associated to either disease were identified using data mining approaches, and their overlap was calculated. Secondly, a functional interaction network was built, allowing to identify cellular pathways involved in allergic multimorbidity. Finally, a network-based algorithm generated a ranked list of newly predicted multimorbidity-associated proteins. Results Asthma, eczema and rhinitis shared a larger number of associated proteins than expected by chance, and their associated proteins exhibited a significant degree of interconnectedness in the interaction network. There were 15 pathways involved in the multimorbidity of asthma, eczema and rhinitis, including IL4 signaling and GATA3-related pathways. A number of proteins potentially associated to these multimorbidity processes were also obtained. Conclusions These results strongly support the existence of an allergic multimorbidity cluster between asthma, eczema and rhinitis, and suggest that type 2 signaling pathways represent a relevant multimorbidity mechanism of allergic diseases. Furthermore, we identified new candidates contributing to multimorbidity that may assist in identifying new targets for multimorbid allergic diseases. © 2017 Aguilar et al.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Bosch D.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta |
Masia R.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta |
Sala J.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta |
Vila J.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM |
And 11 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2011
Introduction and objectives: To determine the effect of opening an on-site diagnostic catheterization facility on 30-day and 2-year mortality rates in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: The study included 1539 consecutive MI patients aged 25-74 years who were recruited before and after the catheterization laboratory opened in 1998: during 1995-1997 and 1999-2003, respectively. Results: The 641 consecutive MI patients recruited in 1995-1997 had worse 30-day mortality than the 898 recruited between 1999-2003 (11.2% versus 6.35%, respectively; P = .001). The number of coronary angiographies and percutaneous coronary interventions carried out was greater in the second period (19.4% versus 3.3%, and 54.8% versus 23.0%, respectively; P < .001). Two-year survival curves were significantly better in the second period for all-cause and cardiovascular death. The adjusted odds ratio for death at 30 days was 0.58 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36-0.95) for the second period compared with the first and the adjusted hazard ratio for cardiovascular death at 2 years for patients still alive at 30 days was 0.62 (95%CI 0.39-0.99). After adjustment for the prescription of statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers and antiplatelet drugs at discharge, the effect observed at 2 years was no longer significant. Conclusions: Opening a new on-site diagnostic catheterization unit significantly increased the 30-day survival of MI patients. However, the increase in 2-year survival of 30-day survivors observed was largely explained by the implementation of better secondary prevention. © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología.
Marrugat J.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM |
Sala J.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM |
Elosua R.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM |
Ramos R.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM |
Baena-Diez J.M.,Institute Municipal dInvestigacio Mdica IMIM
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2010
This article describes the limitations of the currently available screening modalities used for determining cardiovascular risk in the general population. In addition, it contains an analysis of the potential ways in which the predictive and classificatory abilities of the cardiovascular risk charts used in primary care can be improved to enable them to function more effectively. Also included are discussions of existing opportunities for improving current strategies for screening and cardiovascular prevention, of the value of measuring new biomarkers in individual patients, including genetic predisposition to coronary heart disease, and of some of the clinical measures used in practice, such as the ankle-brachial index and the carotid intima-media thickness. In addition, the most important subgroups of individuals at a high cardiovascular risk, as judged by their size and the number of cardiovascular events experienced at 10 years, are described. Finally, there is a brief review of the potential role that image modalities currently being developed could play in particular subgroups of asymptomatic individuals with an elevated disease risk.