Hernandez J.M.,University of Salamanca |
Granada I.,Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol |
Sole F.,Institute Municipal dAssistencia Sanitaria IMAS
Medicina Clinica | Year: 2011
In 1960 Ph-chromosome was found associated with the presence of chronic myelogenous leukemia. In these 50 years an increasing number of cytogenetic abnormalities have been found associated with hematological malignancies. The presence of these abnormalities is not only important for the diagnosis of the patient, but it also contributes to the prognosis of patients with leukemia or lymphoma. For this reason the WHO classification of hematological disease has included these studies for the correct characterization of leukemias and lymphomas. In addition, the use of FISH and micromatrix methodologies have refined the genetic lesions present in these malignancies. The cytogenetic changes observed also provide further information in relation to the therapy. © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.