Mazotto A.M.,Institute Microbiologia Paulo Of Goes Imppg |
Coelho R.R.R.,Institute Microbiologia Paulo Of Goes Imppg |
Cedrola S.M.L.,Institute Microbiologia Paulo Of Goes Imppg |
De Lima M.F.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
And 3 more authors.
Enzyme Research | Year: 2011
Three Bacillus species (B. subtilis LFB-FIOCRUZ 1270, B. subtilis LFB-FIOCRUZ 1273, and B. licheniformis LFB-FIOCRUZ 1274), isolated from the poultry industry, were evaluated for keratinase production using feathers or feather meal as the sole carbon and nitrogen sources in a submerged fermentation. The three Bacillus spp. produced extracellular keratinases and peptidases after 7 days. Feather meal was the best substrate for keratinase and peptidase production in B. subtilis 1273, with 412 U/mL and 463 U/ml. The three strains were able to degrade feather meal (62-75%) and feather (40-95%) producing 3.9-4.4 mg/ml of soluble protein in feather meal medium and 1.9-3.3 mg/ml when feather medium was used. The three strains produced serine peptidases with keratinase and gelatinase activity. B. subtilis 1273 was the strain which exhibited the highest enzymatic activity. © 2011 Ana Maria Mazotto et al. Source