Institute Medicina Molecular FML

Lisbon, Portugal

Institute Medicina Molecular FML

Lisbon, Portugal
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Pakala S.B.,George Washington University | Rayala S.K.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Rayala S.K.,Indian Institute of Technology Madras | Wang R.-A.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 12 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Overexpression of the prometastatic chromatin modifier protein metastasis tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) in human cancer contributes to tumor aggressiveness, but the role of endogenous MTA1 in cancer has not been explored. Here, we report the effects of selective genetic depletion of MTA1 in a physiologically relevant spontaneous mouse model of breast cancer pulmonary metastasis. We found that MTA1 acts as a mandatory modifier of breast-to-lung metastasis without effects on primary tumor formation. The underlying mechanism involved MTA1-dependent stimulation of STAT3 transcription through action on the MTA1/STAT3/Pol II coactivator complex, and, in turn, on the expression and functions of STAT3 target genes including Twist1. Accordingly, we documented a positive correlation between levels of MTA1 and STAT3 in publicly available breast cancer data sets. Together, our findings reveal an essential modifying role of the physiologic level of MTA1 in supporting pulmonary metastasis of breast cancer. ©2013 AACR.


Casimiro S.,Institute Medicina Molecular FML | Luis I.,Institute Medicina Molecular FML | Luis I.,Hospital Of Santa Maria | Fernandes A.,Institute Medicina Molecular FML | And 8 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Metastasis | Year: 2012

Bone is a major target for metastases in the most frequent solid tumors, which result in severe complications and are a major cause of pain. A bone metastasis gene expression signature was identified using human breast cancer cells in a mouse model. The bone metastasis-related genes encode secretory and cell surface proteins implicated in bone-homing (CXCR4), angiogenesis (CTGF and FGF5), invasion (MMP-1 and ADAMTS1), and osteoclast recruitment (IL11). This signature superimposes on the 70-gene poor prognosis gene expression signature for breast cancer, and only ADAMTS1, CTGF and IL11 were found to be overexpressed in human primary breast cancers with bone relapse. We analyzed the expression of the six bone metastasis-related genes in bone metastases from patients with different types of solid tumors, to assess its relevance in human clinical samples. MMP-1, CXCR4, FGF5 and CTGF were found to be overexpressed in tumor cells of human bone metastases when compared to a human normal epithelial cell line. All the analyzed genes were overexpressed in the tumor cells of breast cancer bone metastases when compared to normal breast tissue. We did not detect any differences between the expression of these genes in bone metastases from breast cancer or from other types of solid tumors. Importantly, there was a significant correlation between the expressions of IL11/CTGF, IL11/ADAMTS1, CTGF/CXCR4, CTGF/ADAMTS1, and MMP-1/ADAMTS1, supporting the cooperative function of these proteins in the bone microenvironment, and the potential functional role of these genes in the establishment of bone metastases in vivo. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


PubMed | Institute Medicina Molecular FML
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical & experimental metastasis | Year: 2012

Bone is a major target for metastases in the most frequent solid tumors, which result in severe complications and are a major cause of pain. A bone metastasis gene expression signature was identified using human breast cancer cells in a mouse model. The bone metastasis-related genes encode secretory and cell surface proteins implicated in bone-homing (CXCR4), angiogenesis (CTGF and FGF5), invasion (MMP-1 and ADAMTS1), and osteoclast recruitment (IL11). This signature superimposes on the 70-gene poor prognosis gene expression signature for breast cancer, and only ADAMTS1, CTGF and IL11 were found to be overexpressed in human primary breast cancers with bone relapse. We analyzed the expression of the six bone metastasis-related genes in bone metastases from patients with different types of solid tumors, to assess its relevance in human clinical samples. MMP-1, CXCR4, FGF5 and CTGF were found to be overexpressed in tumor cells of human bone metastases when compared to a human normal epithelial cell line. All the analyzed genes were overexpressed in the tumor cells of breast cancer bone metastases when compared to normal breast tissue. We did not detect any differences between the expression of these genes in bone metastases from breast cancer or from other types of solid tumors. Importantly, there was a significant correlation between the expressions of IL11/CTGF, IL11/ADAMTS1, CTGF/CXCR4, CTGF/ADAMTS1, and MMP-1/ADAMTS1, supporting the cooperative function of these proteins in the bone microenvironment, and the potential functional role of these genes in the establishment of bone metastases in vivo.

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