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Barcelona, Spain

Salas-Huetos A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Blanco J.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Vidal F.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Godo A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 5 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2015

Objective To compare the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in spermatozoa from three infertile populations vs. a group of fertile men. Design Evaluation of the expression level of 736 miRNAs in human spermatozoa using TaqMan quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Setting University research facility. Patient(s) Semen samples with a single seminal alteration were collected from infertile individuals: asthenozoospermic (n = 10), teratozoospermic (n = 10), and oligozoospermic (n = 10). Intervention(s) None. Main Outcome Measure(s) Correlation of the expression level of each miRNA with seminal parameters, age, and chromosome instability; clustering of the individuals according to their miRNA expression profiles and influence of the seminogram, age, chromosome instability, and assisted reproductive technology outcome in the clustering; analysis of the differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) in each infertile population; genome annotation of these DE-miRNAs; and ontological analysis of their predicted targets. Result(s) The hsa-miR-34b-3p correlated with age, the hsa-miR-629-3p with sperm motility, and the hsa-miR-335-5p, hsa-miR-885-5p, and hsa-miR-152-3p with sperm concentration. The individuals clustered into two groups, and only the seminogram was differentially distributed. We identified 32 DE-miRNAs in the asthenozoospermic group, 19 in the teratozoospermic group, and 18 in the oligozoospermic group. The up-regulated miRNAs presented an enriched localization in introns, affecting relevant genes for spermatogenesis. The predicted targets of the DE-miRNAs contained critical genes associated to infertility, and their ontological analysis revealed significantly associated functions related to the seminal alterations of each group. Conclusion(s) Spermatozoa from patients with seminal alterations exhibit a differential miRNA profile. This provides new evidence that miRNAs have an essential role in spermatogenesis, contributing to the mechanisms involved in human fertility. © 2015 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Source

Gomez P.N.,University of the Frontier | Alvarez J.G.,Institute Marques | Parodi J.,University of the Frontier | Romero F.,University of the Frontier | Sanchez R.,University of the Frontier
Andrologia | Year: 2012

Latrodectus mactans' aracnotoxin (Atx) induces changes in sperm function that could be used as a co-adjuvant in male contraceptive barrier methods. This effect includes the suppression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), an event necessary for capacitation, chemotaxis and acrosome reaction (AR). The sperm that are not trapped by the barrier method can reach the oviduct before fertilisation and be exposed to the secretions of the oviducts. This study evaluated the effect of bovine tubal explants (TU) and conditioned media (CM) from the ampullar and isthmal regions on spermatozoa exposed to Atx. Thawed bovine sperm were incubated with Atx, TU and CM from the ampullar and isthmal regions for 4 h and then DNA integrity, intracellular ROS and lysophosphatidylcholine-induced AR were determined. Spermatozoa exposed to Atx and co-incubated with TU and CM for 4 h produced an increase in sperm DNA damage, a decrease in ROS production and a decrease in %AR, compared with the control. A similar result was obtained from the co-incubation of spermatozoa with Atx. In conclusion, the effect of Atx is not modified by tubal cells or their secretions and this opens the door to future studies to evaluate the application of synthetic peptides obtained from Atx as a co-adjuvant of contraceptive barrier methods. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

Bjorndahl1 L.,Karolinska Institutet | Mortimer D.,Oozoa Biomedical Inc. | Barratt C.L.R.,University of Dundee | Castilla J.A.,Hospital Virgen de Las Nieves | And 4 more authors.
A Practical Guide to Basic Laboratory Andrology | Year: 2010

This practical, extensively illustrated handbook covers the procedures that are undertaken in andrology and ART laboratories to analyse and assess male-factor infertility, and to prepare spermatozoa for use in assisted conception therapy. The content is presented as brief, authoritative overviews of the relevant biological background for each area, plus detailed, step-by-step descriptions of the relevant analytical procedures. Each technical section includes pertinent quality control considerations, as well as the optimum presentation of results. In addition to the comprehensive 'basic' semen analysis, incorporating careful analysis of sperm morphology, the handbook provides established techniques for the use of computer-aided sperm analysis and sperm functional assessment. Throughout the handbook the interpretation of laboratory results in the clinical context is highlighted, and safe laboratory practice is emphasized. It is an invaluable resource to all scientists and technicians who perform diagnostic testing for male-factor infertility. © Cambridge University Press 2010. Source

Lopez-Teijon M.,Institute Marques | Garcia-Faura A.,Institute Marques | Prats-Galino A.,University of Barcelona
Ultrasound | Year: 2015

This study compared fetal response to musical stimuli applied intravaginally (intravaginal music [IVM]) with application via emitters placed on the mother’s abdomen (abdominal music [ABM]). Responses were quantified by recording facial movements identified on 3D/4D ultrasound. One hundred and six normal pregnancies between 14 and 39 weeks of gestation were randomized to 3D/4D ultrasound with: (a) ABM with standard headphones (flute monody at 98.6 dB); (b) IVM with a specially designed device emitting the same monody at 53.7 dB; or (c) intravaginal vibration (IVV; 125 Hz) at 68 dB with the same device. Facial movements were quantified at baseline, during stimulation, and for 5 minutes after stimulation was discontinued. In fetuses at a gestational age of >16 weeks, IVM-elicited mouthing (MT) and tongue expulsion (TE) in 86.7% and 46.6% of fetuses, respectively, with significant differences when compared with ABM and IVV (p = 0.002 and p = 0.004, respectively). There were no changes from baseline in ABM and IVV. TE occurred ≥5 times in 5 minutes in 13.3% with IVM. IVM was related with higher occurrence of MT (odds ratio = 10.980; 95% confidence interval = 3.105–47.546) and TE (odds ratio = 10.943; 95% confidence interval = 2.568–77.037). The frequency of TE with IVM increased significantly with gestational age (p = 0.024). Fetuses at 16–39 weeks of gestation respond to intravaginally emitted music with repetitive MT and TE movements not observed with ABM or IVV. Our findings suggest that neural pathways participating in the auditory–motor system are developed as early as gestational week 16. These findings might contribute to diagnostic methods for prenatal hearing screening, and research into fetal neurological stimulation. © 2015, © The British Medical Ultrasound Society 2015. Source

Fernandez S.F.,Center for Embryo Medicine and | Toro E.,Center for Embryo Medicine and | Colomar A.,Center for Embryo Medicine and | Lopez-Teijon M.,Institute Marques | And 2 more authors.
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2015

Abstract Embryo screening for aneuploidy (AS) is part of preimplantation genetic diagnostics (PGD) and is aimed at improving the efficiency of assisted reproduction. Currently, several technologies, including the well-established fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique, cover the screening of all chromosomes in a single cell. This study evaluates a novel 24-chromosome FISH technique protocol (FISH-24). A total of 337 embryos were analyzed using the traditional 9-chromosome FISH technique (FISH-9) while 251 embryos were evaluated using the new FISH-24 technique. Embryos deemed nontransferable on Day 3 were cultured in vitro to Day 5 of development, then fixed and reanalyzed according to the technique allocated to each treatment cycle (107 embryos analyzed by FISH-9 and 111 by FISH-24). The global error rate (discrepancy between Day 3 and Day 5 results for a single embryo) was 2.8% after FISH-9 and 3.6% after FISH-24, with a p value of 0.95. Thus, we have established and validated a 24-chromosome FISH-based single cell aneuploidy screening technique, showing that the error rate obtained for FISH-24 is independent of the number of chromosomes analyzed and equivalent to the error rate observed for FISH-9, as a useful tool for chromosome segregation studies and clinical use. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. Source

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