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Kabalak G.,Hannover Medical School | Thomas R.M.,Hannover Medical School | Martin J.,Institute Biomedicina Lopez Neyra | Ortego-Centeno N.,Hospital Clinico San Cecilio | And 9 more authors.
Human Immunology | Year: 2010

NKG2D, involved in T-cell activation and viral defense, shows a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the transmembrane region, characterized by a substitution of alanine with threonine. We examined the association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with one of the NKG2D gene variants. We also studied the functional impact of that allele in SLE. Restriction fragment length polymorphism/polymerase chain reaction specific for the SNP rs2255336 G→ A was performed with 247 German SLE patients and 447 controls and with 284 Spanish SLE patients and 180 controls. NKG2D expression on peripheral blood lymphocytes of SLE patients was analyzed via fluorescence activated cell sorter. In addition, proliferation assays were performed. We found that the NKG2D alanine/alanine (G/G) gene variant was significantly associated with SLE in the German cohort (70.4% vs 60.8% controls; p = 0.0027) and almost significantly in the Spanish cohort (66.2% vs 62.2% controls; p = 0.054). In a pooled analysis, the prevalence of G/G was 68.2% in SLE versus 61.2% in the controls (p = 0.0024). There were no significant differences in the expression levels of NKG2D on peripheral blood lymphocytes of the different genotypes. A comparison of the coreceptor activity of the genotypes in response to CD3 and NKG2D antibodies revealed a trend toward higher proliferation in the A/A genotype. In conclusion, based on our study results, SLE is associated with the SNP rs2255336 of NKG2D. © 2010. Source

Sharif R.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | Mayes M.D.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | Tan F.K.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | Gorlova O.Y.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 14 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2012

Objective: The first genome-wide association study (GWAS) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) demonstrated three non-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) susceptibility loci. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of these gene variants on survival and severity of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in SSc. Methods: The authors examined 1443 Caucasian SSc patients enrolled in the Genetics versus Environment In Scleroderma Outcome Study (GENISOS) and Scleroderma Family Registry (n = 914 - discovery cohort) and The Johns Hopkins Scleroderma Cohort (n = 529 - replication cohort). Forced vital capacity (FVC)% predicted was used as a surrogate for ILD severity. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms, IRF5 (rs10488631, rs12537284, rs4728142), STAT4 (rs3821236), CD247 (rs2056626) reached genome-wide significance in the SSc-GWAS and were examined in the current study. Results: Overall, 15.5% of the patients had died over the follow-up period of 5.5 years. The IRF5 rs4728142 minor allele was predictive of longer survival in the discovery cohort (p = 0.021) and in the independent replication cohort (p = 0.047) and combined group (HR: 0.75, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.90, p = 0.002). The association of this SNP with survival was independent of age at disease onset, disease type and autoantibody profile (anticentromere and antitopoisomerase antibodies). The minor allele frequency of IRF5 rs4728142 was 49.4%. Moreover, IRF5 rs4728142 minor allele correlated with higher FVC% predicted at enrolment (p = 0.019). Finally, the IRF5 rs4728142 minor allele was associated with lower IRF5 transcript expression in patients and controls (p = 0.016 and p = 0.034, respectively), suggesting that the IRF5, rs4728142 SNP, may be functionally relevant. Conclusion: An SNP in the IRF5 promoter region (rs4728142), associated with lower IRF5 transcript levels, was predictive of longer survival and milder ILD in patients with SSc. Source

Kurreeman F.A.S.,Leiden University | Goulielmos G.N.,University of Crete | Alizadeh B.Z.,University Utrecht | Rueda B.,Institute Biomedicina Lopez Neyra | And 27 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2010

Objectives: The TRAF1-C5 locus has recently been identified as a genetic risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since genetic risk factors tend to overlap with several autoimmune diseases, a study was undertaken to investigate whether this region is associated with type 1 diabetes (TID), celiac disease (CD), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: The most consistently associated SNP, rs10818488, was genotyped in a total of 735 patients with T1D, 1049 with CD, 367 with SSc, 746 with SLE and 3494 ethnically- and geographically-matched healthy individuals. The replication sample set consisted of 99 patients with T1D, 272 with SLE and 482 healthy individuals from Crete. Results: A significant association was detected between the rs10818488 A allele and T1D (OR 1.14, p=0.027) and SLE (OR 1.16, p=0.016), which was replicated in 99 patients with T1D, 272 with SLE and 482 controls from Crete (OR 1.64, p=0.002; OR 1.43, p=0.002, respectively). Joint analysis of all patients with T1D (N=961) and all patients with SLE (N=1018) compared with 3976 healthy individuals yielded an allelic common OR of 1.19 (p=0.002) and 1.22 (p=2.6×10-4), respectively. However, combining our dataset with the T1D sample set from the WTCCC resulted in a nonsignifi cant association (OR 1.06, p=0.087). In contrast, previously unpublished results from the SLEGEN study showed a significant association of the same allele (OR 1.19, p=0.0038) with an overall effect of 1.22 (p=1.02×10-6) in a total of 1577 patients with SLE and 4215 healthy individuals. Conclusion: A significant association was found for the TRAF1-C5 locus in SLE, implying that this region lies in a pathway relevant to multiple autoimmune diseases. Source

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