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Bracho R.,University of Zulia | Rivera L.,University of Zulia | Bermudez V.,Institute Investigaciones Endocrino metabolicas
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension | Year: 2011

Purpose: To describe oral hygiene and periodontal conditions in classified individuals, according to the presence of Metabolic Syndrome. Methods and Materials: Descriptive transversal study was done in a sub-sample of 310, 19 years old and up individuals, of the total random sample of the project "Metabolic Syndrome in Adults in Maracaibo". Clinical conditions were evaluated through Simplified oral Hygiene of Green and Vermillion (IHO-S) and Periodontal Treatment Needs Index at the Communities (INTPC). Individuals were classified according the presence of Metabolic Syndrome. Results: The values in every index in both groups were similar, only in the metabolic syndrome group the proportion of individuals with periodontal pockets and debris until 1/3 was significatevily higher to the registered in non metabolic syndrome individuals. Conclusions: In general the studied sample had oral hygiene levels, considered regular and deficient in 90,5% of the cases, which means than 9 of every 10 individuals keep risky conditions for developing of inflammatory processes at their gingival tissues.


Bracho R.,University of Zulia | Rivera L.,University of Zulia | Bermudez V.,Institute Investigaciones Endocrino metabolicas
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension | Year: 2012

Many studies have shown the existence of a precise relation between oral cavity diseases, specifically periodontal infections, with systemic diseases. The effects of periodontal disease at the oral cavity are well known, however, this disease could also to produce general effects at the rest of the body, enclosing a kind of relation found at the cardiovascular diseases, such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia. Metabolic syndrome and periodontal disease could be related, through inflammatories physiologic pathogenic processes when they combined each other.

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