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Pissinis D.E.,National University of La Plata | Diaz C.,National University of La Plata | Maza E.,National University of La Plata | Bonini I.C.,Institute Investigaciones Bioquimicas Of Bahia Blanca Inibibb | And 3 more authors.

The insertion and function of the muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) in Au(111)-supported thiolipid self-assembled monolayers have been studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and electrochemical techniques. It was possible for the first time to resolve the supramolecular arrangement of the protein spontaneously inserted in a thiolipid monolayer in an aqueous solution. Geometric supramolecular arrays of nAChRs were observed, most commonly in a triangular form compatible with three nAChR dimers of ∼20 nm each. Addition of the full agonist carbamoylcholine activated and opened the nAChR ion channel, as revealed by the increase in capacitance relative to that of the nAChR-thiolipid system under basal conditions. Thus, the self-assembled system appears to be a viable biomimetic model to measure ionic conductance mediated by ion-gated ion channels under different experimental conditions, with potential applications in biotechnology and pharmacology. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015. Source

Griet M.,CONICET | Zelaya H.,CONICET | Mateos M.V.,Institute Investigaciones Bioquimicas Of Bahia Blanca Inibibb | Salva S.,CONICET | And 5 more authors.

We have previously demonstrated that Lactobacillus reuteri CRL1098 soluble factors were able to reduce TNF-α production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The aims of this study were to determine whether L. reuteri CRL1098 soluble factors were able to modulate in vitro the inflammatory response triggered by LPS in murine macrophages, to gain insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in the immunoregulatory effect, and to evaluate in vivo its capacity to exert anti-inflammatory actions in acute lung injury induced by LPS in mice. In vitro assays demonstrated that L. reuteri CRL1098 soluble factors significantly reduced the production of pro-inflammatory mediators (NO, COX-2, and Hsp70) and proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, and IL-6) caused by the stimulation of macrophages with LPS. NF-κB and PI3K inhibition by L. reuteri CRL1098 soluble factors contributed to these inhibitory effects. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway and the diminished expression of CD14 could be involved in the immunoregulatory effect. In addition, our in vivo data proved that the LPS-induced secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory cells recruitment to the airways and inflammatory lung tissue damage were reduced in L. reuteri CRL1098 soluble factors treated mice, providing a new way to reduce excessive pulmonary inflammation. © 2014 Griet et al. Source

De Genaro P.,Institute Investigaciones Bioquimicas Of Bahia Blanca Inibibb | Simon M.V.,Institute Investigaciones Bioquimicas Of Bahia Blanca Inibibb | Simon M.V.,National University of the South | Rotstein N.P.,Institute Investigaciones Bioquimicas Of Bahia Blanca Inibibb | And 3 more authors.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

PURPOSE. Retinoic acid (RA) has a critical role during development of the retina. We investigated RA effects on photoreceptor apoptosis and differentiation, and the intracellular pathways involved. METHODS. Rat retinal neuronal cultures were supplemented with RA with or without docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a photoreceptor survival factor, and photoreceptor apoptosis and differentiation were evaluated at different times of development. To investigate the intracellular pathways activated by RA, the levels of phosphorylated (P) ERK and P-p38 in cultures with or without RA, and the effect of pretreatment with SB203580, a p38 specific inhibitor, on apoptosis and differentiation were evaluated. RESULTS. RA addition at day 0, when cells still were proliferating, selectively increased apoptosis in photoreceptors, whereas addition at day 2 no longer caused cell death. RA stimulated opsin and peripherin expression, and neurite outgrowth regardless of the time of development. Addition of RA at day 0, but not at day 2, rapidly increased P-p38 levels, but did not affect P-ERK levels. p38 inhibition completely prevented RA-induced apoptosis, and partially decreased differentiation. DHA prevented apoptosis and additively increased differentiation, without affecting RA activation of p38. CONCLUSIONS. Our results show that RA activation of the p38 intracellular pathway was essential for its early induction of apoptosis and partially responsible for promoting differentiation. DHA prevention of this apoptosis suggests that RA effects during early development must be counterbalanced by survival factors to prevent photoreceptor death, in an interplay that might help to establish the final number of photoreceptors. © 2013 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. Source

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