Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb

Barcelona, Spain

Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb

Barcelona, Spain
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Urra X.,August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute IDIBAPS | Miro F.,August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute IDIBAPS | Chamorro A.,August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute IDIBAPS | Planas A.M.,August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute IDIBAPS | Planas A.M.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Brain proteins are detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of stroke patients and their concentration is related to the extent of brain damage. Antibodies against brain antigens develop after stroke, suggesting a humoral immune response to the brain injury. Furthermore, induced immune tolerance is beneficial in animal models of cerebral ischemia. The presence of circulating T cells sensitized against brain antigens, and antigen presenting cells (APCs) carrying brain antigens in draining lymphoid tissue of stroke patients support the notion that stroke might induce antigen-specific immune responses. After stroke, brain proteins that are normally hidden from the periphery, inflammatory mediators, and danger signals can exit the brain through several efflux routes. They can reach the blood after leaking out of the damaged blood-brain barrier (BBB) or following the drainage of interstitial fluid to the dural venous sinus, or reach the cervical lymph nodes through the nasal lymphatics following CSF drainage along the arachnoid sheaths of nerves across the nasal submucosa. The route and mode of access of brain antigens to lymphoid tissue could influence the type of response. Central and peripheral tolerance prevents autoimmunity, but the actual mechanisms of tolerance to brain antigens released into the periphery in the presence of inflammation, danger signals, and APCs, are not fully characterized. Stroke does not systematically trigger autoimmunity, but under certain circumstances, such as pronounced systemic inflammation or infection, autoreactive T cells could escape the tolerance controls. Further investigation is needed to elucidate whether antigen-specific immune events could underlie neurological complications impairing recovery from stroke. © 2014 Urra, Miró, Chamorro and Planas.


Zaouali M.A.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | Mosbah I.B.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | Abdennebi H.B.,Pharmacy Faculty | Calvo M.,Serveis Cientifico Tecnics | And 4 more authors.
Transplantation Proceedings | Year: 2010

Institute Georges Lopez preservation solution (IGL-1) has been demonstrated to be useful for fatty liver preservation. The mechanisms responsible for this effective graft protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury are pivotal actions on generation of nitric oxide a diffusible molecule with vasodilator properties, that facilitates the up-regulation of other well-known cytoprotective genes, such as hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1). During normoxic reperfusion, the presence of nitric oxide permits HIF-1α accumulation to inhibit prolyl-hydoxylases, thus promoting an additional overexpression of the HO-1 in steatotic and nonsteatotic graft livers preserved in IGL-1. © 2010.


Angulo S.,CIBER ISCIII | Morales A.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | Danese S.,Instituto Clinico Humanitas | Llacuna L.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: Probiotics appear to be beneficial in inflammatory bowel disease, but their mechanism of action is incompletely understood. We investigated whether probiotic-derived sphingomyelinase mediates this beneficial effect. Methodology/Principal Findings: Neutral sphingomyelinase (NSMase) activity was measured in sonicates of the probiotic L. brevis (LB) and S. thermophilus (ST) and the non-probiotic E. coli (EC) and E. faecalis (EF). Lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMC) were obtained from patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy volunteers, analysing LPMC and PBMC apoptosis susceptibility, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and JNK activation. In some experiments, sonicates were preincubated with GSH or GW4869, a specific NSMase inhibitor. NSMase activity of LB and ST was 10-fold that of EC and EF sonicates. LB and ST sonicates induced significantly more apoptosis of CD and UC than control LPMC, whereas EC and EF sonicates failed to induce apoptosis. Pre-stimulation with anti-CD3/CD28 induced a significant and time-dependent increase in LB-induced apoptosis of LPMC and PBMC. Exposure to LB sonicates resulted in JNK activation and ROS production by LPMC. NSMase activity of LB sonicates was completely abrogated by GW4869, causing a dose-dependent reduction of LB-induced apoptosis. LB and ST selectively induced immune cell apoptosis, an effect dependent on the degree of cell activation and mediated by bacterial NSMase. Conclusions: These results suggest that induction of immune cell apoptosis is a mechanism of action of some probiotics, and that NSMase-mediated ceramide generation contributes to the therapeutic effects of probiotics. © 2011 Angulo et al.


Mateu A.,University of Salamanca | Ramudo L.,University of Salamanca | Manso M.A.,University of Salamanca | Closa D.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | De Dios I.,University of Salamanca
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease | Year: 2014

Lipids play a role in acute pancreatitis (AP) progression. We investigate the ability of pancreatic acinar cells to trigger inflammatory response in the presence of lipid compounds generated in necrotic areas of peripancreatic adipose tissue (AT) during AP induced in rats by 5% sodium taurocholate. Lipid composition of AT was analyzed by HPLC-mass spectrometry. Acinar inflammatory response to total lipids as well as to either the free fatty acid (FFA) fraction or their chlorinated products (Cl-FFAs) was evaluated. For this, mRNA expression of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and P-selectin as well as the activation of MAPKs, NF-κB and STAT-3 were analyzed in pancreatic acini. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, as an inducer of Cl-FFA generation, was also analyzed in AT. MPO activity significantly increased in necrotic (AT-N) induced changes in lipid composition of necrotic fat, such as increase in FFA and phospholipid (PL) content, generation of Cl-FFAs and increases in saturated FFAs and in the poly-:mono-unsaturated FFA ratio. Total lipids from AT-N induced overexpression of CCL2 and P-selectin in pancreatic acini as well as MAPKs phosphorylation and activation of NF-κB and STAT3. FFAs, but not Cl-FFAs, up-regulated CCL2 and P-selectin in acinar cells. We conclude that FFAs are capable of up-regulating inflammatory mediators in pancreatic acini and given that they are highly produced during AP, mainly may contribute to the inflammatory response triggered in acinar cells by fat necrosis. No role is played by Cl-FFAs generated as a result of neutrophil infiltration. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Forne I.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona Iibb | Forne I.,Oryzon Genomics | Forne I.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Castellana B.,University of Barcelona | And 4 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2011

The Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) is a marine flatfish of high economic value and a target species for aquaculture. The efforts to reproduce this species in captivity have been hampered by the fact that farmed males (F1) often show lower sperm production and fertilization capacity than wild-type males (F0). Our knowledge on spermatogenesis is however limited to a few studies. In a previous work, we identified by 2-D DIGE several potential protein markers in testis for the poor reproductive performance of F1 males. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were, first, to investigate changes in genes and proteins expressed in the testis throughout spermatogenesis in F0 males by using a combination of transcriptomic and proteomic approaches and, second, to further compare the testis proteome between late spermatogenic stages of F0 and F1 fish to identify potential indicators of hampered reproductive performance in F1 fish. We identified approximately 400 genes and 49 proteins that are differentially expressed during the progression of spermatogenesis and that participate in processes such as transcriptional activation, the ubiquitin-proteasome system, sperm maturation and motility or cytoskeletal remodeling. Interestingly, a number of these proteins differed in abundance between F0 and F1 fish, pointing toward alterations in cytoskeleton, sperm motility, the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the redox state during spermiogenesis as possible causes for the decreased fertility of F1 fish. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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