Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Faienza M.F.,University of Bari | Wang D.Q.H.,Saint Louis University | Fruhbeck G.,University of Navarra | Fruhbeck G.,CIBER ISCIII | And 3 more authors.
Internal and Emergency Medicine | Year: 2016

The purpose of this review is to evaluate whether some risk factors in childhood work as significant predictors of the development of obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. These factors include exposures to risk factors in the prenatal period, infancy and early childhood, as well as other socio-demographic variables. We searched articles of interest in PubMed using the following terms: ‘predictors AND obesity OR Metabolic syndrome AND (children OR adolescents) AND (dyslipidemia OR type 2 diabetes OR atherosclerosis OR hypertension OR hypercholesterolemia OR cardiovascular disease)’ AND genetic OR epigenetic. Maternal age, smoking and weight gain during pregnancy, parental body mass index, birth weight, childhood growth patterns (early rapid growth and early adiposity rebound), childhood obesity and the parents’ employment have a role in early life. Furthermore, urbanization, unhealthy diets, increasingly sedentary lifestyles and genetic/epigenetic variants play a role in the persistence of obesity in adulthood. Health promotion programs/agencies should consider these factors as reasonable targets to reduce the risk of adult obesity. Moreover, it should be a clinical priority to correctly identify obese children who are already affected by metabolic comorbidities. © 2016, SIMI. Source


Oroviogoicoechea C.,University of Navarra | Oroviogoicoechea C.,Institute Investigacion Sanitario Of Navarra Idisna | Carvajal A.,University of Navarra | Carvajal A.,Institute Investigacion Sanitario Of Navarra Idisna | And 4 more authors.
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra | Year: 2015

Background. The Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) is a widely used tool designed for evaluating problems of oral mucous in cancer patients, but it has not been validated in Spanish. The aim of this work is to translate and validate into Spanish the scale of the OAG designed by Eilers. Method. The translation process was carried out using the method of back-translation by bilingual translators. The study was carried out with cancer patients, both outpatient and inpatients, of the Hematology/Oncology Department and with oncology nurses. The following psychometric properties of the OAG were evaluated: internal consistency, concurrent validity with WHO’s mucositis scale, interjudge agreement between two different nurses. The perception of patients and nurses on the use of the OAG was also assessed. Results. An adequate Spanish version of the OAG was obtained. All the participants (n=40) completed the study. Internal consistency measured by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.71 and interjudge agreement obtained a moderate to good Kappa index in the majority of items (k=0.4-0.81), except in “tongue and gums” (k=0.33-0.37). Concurrent validity with WHO mucositis scale was acceptable (r=0.458). All the nurses (n=6) considered that the scale was easy to understand and useful in clinical practice. The patients said that oral evaluation with the scale did not cause them discomfort. Conclusions. The Spanish version of the OAG is a valid and reliable instrument in cancer patients. It is a scale that is easy to use in clinical practice and is well accepted by patients. © 2015, Gobierno de Navarra. All rights reserved. Source


Moncada R.,CIBER ISCIII | Moncada R.,Institute Investigacion Sanitario Of Navarra Idisna | Moncada R.,University of Navarra | Rodriguez A.,CIBER ISCIII | And 28 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2015

Background: Aging and obesity are two conditions associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to analyze whether an advanced age affects the beneficial effects of sleeve gastrectomy on weight loss and blood pressure in an experimental model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). Methods: Young (6-month-old) and old (18-month-old) male Wistar DIO rats (n = 101) were subjected to surgical (sham operation and sleeve gastrectomy) or dietary interventions (pair-fed to the amount of food eaten by sleeve gastrectomized animals). Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and mean (MBP) blood pressure values and heart rate (HR) were recorded in conscious, resting animals by non-invasive tail-cuff plethysmography before and 4 weeks after surgical or dietary interventions. Results: Aging was associated with higher (P < 0.05) body weight and subcutaneous and perirenal fat mass as well as mild cardiac hypertrophy. Sleeve gastrectomy induced a reduction in body weight, whole-body adiposity, and serum total ghrelin in both young and old DIO rats. The younger group achieved a higher excess weight loss than the older group (164 ± 60 vs. 82 ± 17 %, P < 0.05). A significant (P < 0.05) decrease in insulin resistance, SBP, DBP, MBP, and HR without changes in heart weight was observed after sleeve gastrectomy independently of age. Conclusion: Our results provide evidence for the effectiveness of sleeve gastrectomy without increased operative risk in body weight and blood pressure reduction even in aged animals via endocrine changes that go beyond the mere caloric restriction. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source


Moncada R.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Moncada R.,Institute Investigacion Sanitario Of Navarra Idisna | Moncada R.,University of Navarra | Becerril S.,Institute Salud Carlos III | And 31 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2015

Background: Susceptibility to obesity is associated with a notable inter-individual variation. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on weight loss and metabolic profile in obesity-prone (OP) rats vs animals that are non-susceptible to obesity (NSO). Methods: Young male Wistar rats (n = 101) were put in a diet-induced obesity (DIO) programme with ad libitum access to a high-fed diet (HFD) during 12 months. Body weight and food intake were regularly registered. Thereafter, rats were ranked by final body weight to identify the obesity-prone (OP) (n = 13) and non-susceptible to obesity (NSO) (n = 14) animals. OP and NSO rats were submitted to surgical interventions (sham operation, SG and pair-fed to the amount of food eaten by sleeve-gastrectomized rats). Body weight, food intake, energy expenditure, body temperature, fat pads weight, and metabolic profiling were analysed 4 weeks after surgical or dietary interventions. Results: SG in both OP and NSO rats decreased body weight as compared to sham and pair-fed groups (P < 0.05), mainly due to reductions in subcutaneous and perirenal fat mass (P < 0.001). Total weight loss achieved in sleeve-gastrectomized OP and NSO rats was higher than that of pair-fed ones (P < 0.05), showing that the SG effect goes beyond caloric restriction. In this regard, sleeve-gastrectomized rats exhibited significantly (P < 0.05) increased basal rectal temperature together with upregulated brown adipose tissue Ucp-1 protein expression levels. A significant (P < 0.05) improvement in insulin sensitivity was also observed in both OP and NSO animals that underwent SG as compared with pair-fed counterparts. Conclusion: Our findings provide the first evidence that obesity-prone rats also benefit from surgery responding effectively to SG, as evidenced by the significant body weight reduction and the metabolic profile improvement. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source


Moncada R.,CIBER ISCIII | Moncada R.,Institute Investigacion Sanitario Of Navarra Idisna | Moncada R.,University of Navarra | Becerril S.,CIBER ISCIII | And 31 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2016

Background: Susceptibility to obesity is associated with a notable inter-individual variation. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on weight loss and metabolic profile in obesity-prone (OP) rats vs animals that are non-susceptible to obesity (NSO). Methods: Young male Wistar rats (n = 101) were put in a diet-induced obesity (DIO) programme with ad libitum access to a high-fed diet (HFD) during 12 months. Body weight and food intake were regularly registered. Thereafter, rats were ranked by final body weight to identify the obesity-prone (OP) (n = 13) and non-susceptible to obesity (NSO) (n = 14) animals. OP and NSO rats were submitted to surgical interventions (sham operation, SG and pair-fed to the amount of food eaten by sleeve-gastrectomized rats). Body weight, food intake, energy expenditure, body temperature, fat pads weight, and metabolic profiling were analysed 4 weeks after surgical or dietary interventions. Results: SG in both OP and NSO rats decreased body weight as compared to sham and pair-fed groups (P < 0.05), mainly due to reductions in subcutaneous and perirenal fat mass (P < 0.001). Total weight loss achieved in sleeve-gastrectomized OP and NSO rats was higher than that of pair-fed ones (P < 0.05), showing that the SG effect goes beyond caloric restriction. In this regard, sleeve-gastrectomized rats exhibited significantly (P < 0.05) increased basal rectal temperature together with upregulated brown adipose tissue Ucp-1 protein expression levels. A significant (P < 0.05) improvement in insulin sensitivity was also observed in both OP and NSO animals that underwent SG as compared with pair-fed counterparts. Conclusion: Our findings provide the first evidence that obesity-prone rats also benefit from surgery responding effectively to SG, as evidenced by the significant body weight reduction and the metabolic profile improvement. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Discover hidden collaborations