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PubMed | HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, University of Salamanca, Hospital Sant Rafael and 15 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.) | Year: 2016

Rheumatoid factor (RF) is a well-established diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, 20% of RA patients are negative for this anti-IgG antibody. To date, only variation at the HLA-DRB1 gene has been associated with the presence of RF. This study was undertaken to identify additional genetic variants associated with RF positivity.A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for RF positivity was performed using an Illumina Quad610 genotyping platform. A total of 937 RF-positive and 323 RF-negative RA patients were genotyped for >550,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Association testing was performed using an allelic chi-square test implemented in Plink software. An independent cohort of 472 RF-positive and 190 RF-negative RA patients was used to validate the most significant findings.In the discovery stage, a SNP in the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 (SNP rs1502644) showed a genome-wide significant association with RF positivity (P = 4.13 10(-8) , odds ratio [OR] 0.37 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.26-0.53]). In the validation stage, the association of IRX1 with RF was replicated in an independent group of RA patients (P = 0.034, OR 0.58 [95% CI 0.35-0.97] and combined P = 1.14 10(-8) , OR 0.43 [95% CI 0.32-0.58]).To our knowledge, this is the first GWAS of RF positivity in RA. Variation at the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 is associated with the presence of RF. Our findings indicate that IRX1 and HLA-DRB1 are the strongest genetic factors for RF production in RA.

PubMed | Institute Investigacion Sanitaria And Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Santiago
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Arthritis and rheumatism | Year: 2012

To determine whether the anti-citrullinated vimentin peptide 60-75 (anti-Cit-vimentin) and the immunodominant anti-citrullinated -enolase peptide 1 (anti-CEP-1) antibodies are associated with subsets of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) independently of the associations between anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies and clinical features of RA.The 3 antibody types were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in serum samples from 521 patients with RA and 173 healthy controls of Spanish ancestry. Genotypes for HLA-DRB1 alleles and rs2476601 in PTPN22 were available for these patients and controls plus an additional 106 healthy controls. A combined analysis of the 3 antibodies was conducted using stratified contingency tables and logistic regression models.A differential, particularly strong, and independent association was observed between the presence of anti-Cit-vimentin antibodies and the presence of shared epitope (SE) alleles, specifically in patients carrying 2 SE alleles, and between the presence of anti- Cit-vimentin antibodies and the prevalence of joint erosion. Associations were observed between anti-CEP-1 positivity and the presence of HLA-DRB1 and PTPN22 risk alleles and their additive interaction. These associations were not accounted for by the anti-CCP status.Our results indicate that the 2 antibodies against citrullinated peptides analyzed in this study add specific information beyond that obtained with the anti-CCP status. They define subgroups of patients with RA in which genetic factors have different weight and there is an observed difference in the prevalence of erosions.

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