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Garcia-Gonzalez M.A.,Institute Investigacion Sanitaria Aragon IIS | Garcia-Gonzalez M.A.,CIBER ISCIII | Bujanda L.,CIBER ISCIII | Bujanda L.,University of the Basque Country | And 30 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Two recent genome-wide association studies in Asians have reported the association between the PSCA (prostate stem cell antigen) rs2294008C>T gene polymorphism and two Helicobacter pylori infection-related diseases such as gastric cancer (GC) and duodenal ulcer (DU). Since rs2294008 allele frequencies differ notably among ethnicities, we aimed to assess the role of rs2294008 on the susceptibility to GC and DU in a Caucasian population in Spain. Moreover, the relevance of rs2294008 on GC prognosis was evaluated. Genomic DNA from 603 Spanish patients with primary GC, 139 with DU and 675 healthy controls was typed for the PSCA rs2294008C>T polymorphism by PCR-TaqMan assays. H. pylori infection [odds ratio (OR): 8.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.45-15.33] and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OR: 6.54; 95% CI: 3.19-12.43) were identified as independent risk factors for DU whereas the rs2294008T allele was associated with reduced risk of developing the disease (OR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.33-0.82). Infection with CagA strains (OR: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.63-2.34), smoking (OR: 1.93; 95% CI: 1.54-2.61), family history of GC (OR: 2.83; 95% CI: 2.01-3.83), and the rs2294008T allele (OR: 1.46; 95% CI: 1.07-1.99) were associated with increased risk of GC. Interestingly, the association with the rs2294008T allele was restricted to noncardia GC (OR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.12-1.82), particularly of the diffuse histotype (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.16-1.92). Finally, Cox regression analysis identified the rs2294008T variant as a prognosis factor associated with worse overall survival in patients with diffuse-type GC (hazard ratio: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.12-3.06). From these results we conclude that the PSCA rs2294008 polymorphism is involved in the susceptibility to GC and DU, as well as in the prognosis of the diffuse-type of GC in Caucasians. © 2015 UICC.

Guemes A.,University of Zaragoza | Guemes A.,University Hospital Lozano Blesa | Perez E.,University of Zaragoza | Sousa R.,University of Zaragoza | And 6 more authors.
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery | Year: 2016

Background: Breast hypertrophy can cause a variety of symptoms and affect lifestyle and quality of life. Breast reduction, being the most effective treatment, is sometimes difficult to establish as standard treatment in obese patients (difficulties to differentiate symptoms from macromastia or from obesity, higher rate of complications). Aim: To evaluate the effect of reduction mammaplasty (quality of life and symptoms) in obese patients comparing with non-obese. Methods: This is a prospective study of patients undergoing reduction mammaplasty. Patients were allocated in non-obese (BMI < 29) and obese (BMI > 30). Demographic data, comorbidities, specific symptoms questionnaire, data from the surgical procedure, Spanish version of the Health-Related Quality of Life (SF-36) questionnaire, complications and sequels were recorded and collected before the operation and at 1 month and 1 year after. Chi-square, Fisher’s exact t test, McNemar, Mann–Whitney U and Kruskal–Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients were operated on; 54 (44.6 %) obese and 67 (55.4 %) non-obese. The average age of patients was 40.7 (18–78), average volume of resected tissue was 1.784 g (401–5.790), and average hospital stay was 2.94 days (1–11). There were no differences between obese and normal BMI patients with regard to length of hospital stay, complications, sequels, or reoperations. Symptoms improved in both groups. Physical and mental components of the SF-36 improved at 1 year in both groups (p < 0.001). The mental health component improved at 1 month (p < 0.001) in both groups. Conclusions: Obese patients should be considered for reduction mammaplasty surgery in the same way as women of normal weight. Level of Evidence III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

Baila-Rueda L.,Laboratorio Of Investigacion Molecular | Baila-Rueda L.,University of Zaragoza | Cenarro A.,Laboratorio Of Investigacion Molecular | Cofan M.,Institute Salud Carlos III ISCIII | And 7 more authors.
Analytical Methods | Year: 2013

A fast and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS/MS) method to identify and quantify oxysterols, phytosterols and non-cholesterol sterols at the pico-molar concentration level in human serum in only one run was developed in this study. This method allows the simultaneous separation and quantitation of individual phytosterols, cholesterol precursors and oxidized derivatives of cholesterol without a derivatization step in a single run, thus providing a more confident quantitation of sterols in serum. After saponification, solid-phase extraction (SPE) used as a clean-up step and HPLC separation, detection by MS was developed using APCI and multiple ion monitoring modes. This method employs reversed-phase C18 SPE cartridges and serum calibrators, as well as isotopically labelled cholesterol as an internal standard added before sample processing. The time consumed for a single sample is reduced from the 4 hours of conventional sterol analysis to 1 hour including the chromatographic run time. The method has been evaluated by analyzing a certified cholesterol sample as well as by comparison to other two methods used as reference, based on GC and enzymatic reaction, respectively. Serum from 14 individuals was successfully analyzed. Detection limits for oxysterols, phytosterols and non-cholesterol sterols, all determined in a single run in small serum volumes, were between 0.47 and 1.69 pM. Intra-day precision was <7% for all sterols in in-house-made lipoprotein-deficient serum. The limits of detection showed high sensitivity with very good intraday- and interday-precision for all sterols. The recoveries of the phytosterols, cholesterol precursors and cholestanol ranged from 77% to 92%. These analytical parameters provide a reliable and reproducible method for the identification and quantitation of human sterols. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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