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Fiuza-Luces C.,European University at Madrid | Gonzalez-Murillo A.,Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus | Soares-Miranda L.,University of Porto | Martinez Palacio J.,CIEMAT | And 7 more authors.
Cell Transplantation

Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which is associated with high morbimortality and decreased patients' physical capacity. We evaluated the effects of an 11-week moderate-intensity exercise (treadmill) training program performed after allo-HSCT in a murine acute (aGVHD) and chronic GVHD model (cGVHD). Female mice (aged 8-12 weeks) were randomly assigned to the exercise or the control group. They completed a maximal treadmill test before allo-HSCT (with donor bone marrow cells and splenocytes) and after the 11-week period, during which we evaluated clinical severity scores and survival (Kaplan-Meier method). Before allo-HSCT and at days +21, +52 and +83 (upon sacrifice), we collected blood samples for immune cell reconstitution and cytokine analysis. The main results were that (i) in aGVHD, exercise improved maximal physical capacity over the 11-week period compared with pre-allo-HSCT conditions (p < 0.001 for the between-group comparison) and benefited total clinical score evolution (p = 0.05 for the group × time interaction effect), without altering immune reconstitution; (ii) in cGVHD, exercise training resulted in a lesser deterioration of physical capacity after 11 weeks (p = 0.023). Our results highlight the potential beneficial effects of exercise as coadjuvant intervention against GVHD, especially in the acute form of the disease. © 2013 Cognizant Comm. Corp. Source

Martinez-Flores J.A.,Institute Investigacion Hospital Universitario | Serrano M.,Institute Investigacion Hospital Universitario | Alfaro J.,Institute Investigacion Hospital Universitario | Mora S.,Institute Investigacion Hospital Universitario | And 5 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry

IgA antibeta 2 Glycoprotein I (β2GPI) antibodies test can identify some patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) that are negative for other isotypes. Controversy exists because some studies have reported a strong association of these antibodies with vascular disease, while others have not confirmed this observation. Our hypothesis is that these contradictory results may be due to differences among commercial diagnostic kits. To answer this question, we have compared the results obtained with several of the most commonly used commercial IgA anti β2GPI antibodies (aβ2GPI) diagnostic assays on specimens from individuals suspected of having APS. Sera from 69 patients (37 positive and 32 negative for IgA aβ2GPI) were analyzed with seven different commercial ELISA kits for IgA aβ2GPI, following instructions and cutoffs provided by the manufacturer. Our results showed important differences in the sensitivity and specificity of the different assays. Two of the seven kits tested had a sensitivity level below 65% for IgA aβ2GPI, and three showed levels of specificity lower than 80%. Some commercial kits to detect IgA aβ2GPI are suboptimal. Variability between kits may account for the discrepancy in results obtained and for the lack of consensus concerning their clinical significance. It is important that the scientific community work to standardize assay performance so that the true clinical significance of this important clinical marker can be clearly established. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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