Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca

Doñinos de Salamanca, Spain

Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca

Doñinos de Salamanca, Spain

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Paiva B.,Hospital Universitario Of Salamanca | Paiva B.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Vidriales M.-B.,Hospital Universitario Of Salamanca | Vidriales M.-B.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | And 26 more authors.
American Journal of Pathology | Year: 2012

The incorporation of high-dose therapy/autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) and novel agents has significantly improved survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), but whether this improvement also benefits patients harboring poor prognostic features, such as nonhyperdiploid MM (NH-MM) and a high proliferation index, remains largely unknown. We analyzed the DNA content and proliferation index of bone marrow plasma cells (PCs) by multiparameter flow cytometry in 595 newly diagnosed transplant-eligible patients with MM included in two consecutive PETHEMA/GEM trials: GEM2000 [VBMCP/VBAD (vincristine, carmustine, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, prednisone/vincristine, bischloroethylnitrosourea, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) followed by HDT/ASCT; n = 319] and GEM2005<65y (randomized induction with VBMCP/VBAD/bortezomib or thalidomide/dexamethasone or bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone followed by HDT/ASCT; n = 276). Of the 595 patients, 295 were classified as NH-MM (49.6%) and 336 (56.5%) as high-proliferative MM (<1% PCs in S-phase). Detection of NH-MM DNA content and <1% PCs in S-phase were of independent prognostic value for overall survival. Treatment with bortezomib-based regimens abrogated the inferior overall survival of patients with <1% PCs in S-phase but not of patients with NH-MM. Finally, a comparative analysis of PC proliferation index at diagnosis versus disease progression showed a twofold increase at relapse in 44 of 52 patients (85%) analyzed at both time points. NH-MM and a high proliferation index assessed by multiparameter flow cytometry remain as independent prognostic factors in MM, but the latter may be overcome by incorporating novel agents in the HDT/ASCT setting. © 2012 American Society for Investigative Pathology.


Corral-Gudino L.,Hospital El Bierzo | Corral-Gudino L.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Borao-Cengotita-Bengoa M.,Western General Hospital | Del Pino-Montes J.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | And 2 more authors.
Bone | Year: 2013

Context: Several studies have suggested that the prevalence and severity of PDB have fallen in recent years. The magnitude of this trend and its globalization have not been well established. Objective: The objective of this study is to estimate the pooled magnitude of the changes in the prevalence of PDB and as a secondary objective, to make up a world atlas of PDB prevalence. Methods: A systematic review of English and non-English articles using MEDLINE (1946 to 2013) and EMBASE (1980 to 2013) was the method used. Search terms included epidemiology, incidence, prevalence, cohort studies, osteitis deformans or Paget's disease of bone. Studies with incidence and/or prevalence rate for PDB were included. Two authors independently extracted the data using predefined data fields and quality assessment. A pooled analysis based on random-effects models was carried out for secular trends. Results: Twenty-eight articles documented the prevalence of PDB; four articles the incidence and two articles the rate of new referrals. The prevalence of PDB varied greatly between the different countries, from 0.00028% in Japan to 5.4% in the UK. There were available data on changes in prevalence from two different surveys over two different time frames in Europe and New Zealand. In all but one city (Turin), a drop in the prevalence of PDB was recorded (pooled OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.45-0.91). Conclusion: The incidence and prevalence rates of PDB vary widely between populations but both have decreased in most regions over recent years. The changes are heterogeneous however and within countries, the largest changes have been in areas that previously had a high prevalence. The reasons for these changes remain unclear at present but are likely to be due to an interaction between genetic factors and environmental triggers which may differ in different regions. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


Abaigar M.,Research Center Del Cancer CSIC | Robledo C.,Research Center Del Cancer CSIC | Benito R.,Research Center Del Cancer CSIC | Ramos F.,University of León | And 19 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

To explore novel genetic abnormalities occurring in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) through an integrative study combining array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) in a series of MDS and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients. 301 patients diagnosed with MDS (n = 240) or MDS/MPN (n = 61) were studied at the time of diagnosis. A genome-wide analysis of DNA copy number abnormalities was performed. In addition, a mutational analysis of DNMT3A, TET2, RUNX1, TP53 and BCOR genes was performed by NGS in selected cases. 285 abnormalities were identified in 71 patients (23.6%). Three high-risk MDS cases (1.2%) displayed chromothripsis involving exclusively chromosome 13 and affecting some cancer genes: FLT3, BRCA2 and RB1. All three cases carried TP53 mutations as revealed by NGS. Moreover, in the whole series, the integrative analysis of aCGH and NGS enabled the identification of cryptic recurrent deletions in 2p23.3 (DNMT3A; n = 2.8%), 4q24 (TET2; n = 10%) 17p13 (TP53; n = 8.5%), 21q22 (RUNX1; n = 7%), and Xp11.4 (BCOR; n = 2.8%), while mutations in the non-deleted allele where found only in DNMT3A (n = 1), TET2 (n = 3), and TP53 (n = 4). These cryptic abnormalities were detected mainly in patients with normal (45%) or non-informative (15%) karyotype by conventional cytogenetics, except for those with TP53 deletion and mutation (15%), which had a complex karyotype. In addition to wellknown copy number defects, the presence of chromothripsis involving chromosome 13 was a novel recurrent change in high-risk MDS patients. Array CGH analysis revealed thepresence of cryptic abnormalities in genomic regions where MDS-related genes, such as TET2, DNMT3A, RUNX1 and BCOR, are located. © 2016 Abáigar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Del Rey M.,University of Salamanca | Del Rey M.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | O'Hagan K.,Queen's University of Belfast | Dellett M.,Queen's University of Belfast | And 19 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2013

Gene expression profiling signatures may be used to classify the subtypes of Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. However, there are few reports on the global methylation status in MDS. The integration of genome-wide epigenetic regulatory marks with gene expression levels would provide additional information regarding the biological differences between MDS and healthy controls. Gene expression and methylation status were measured using high-density microarrays. A total of 552 differentially methylated CpG loci were identified as being present in low-risk MDS; hypermethylated genes were more frequent than hypomethylated genes. In addition, mRNA expression profiling identified 1005 genes that significantly differed between low-risk MDS and the control group. Integrative analysis of the epigenetic and expression profiles revealed that 66.7% of the hypermethylated genes were underexpressed in low-risk MDS cases. Gene network analysis revealed molecular mechanisms associated with the low-risk MDS group, including altered apoptosis pathways. The two key apoptotic genes BCL2 and ETS1 were identified as silenced genes. In addition, the immune response and micro RNA biogenesis were affected by the hypermethylation and underexpression of IL27RA and DICER1. Our integrative analysis revealed that aberrant epigenetic regulation is a hallmark of low-risk MDS patients and could have a central role in these diseases. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.


Del Rey M.,University of Salamanca | Del Rey M.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Benito R.,University of Salamanca | Benito R.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | And 20 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

The presence of SF3B1 gene mutations is a hallmark of refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS). However, the mechanisms responsible for iron accumulation that characterize the Myelodysplastic Syndrome with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS) are not completely understood. In order to gain insight in the molecular basis of MDS-RS, an integrative study of the expression and mutational status of genes related to iron and mitochondrial metabolism was carried out. A total of 231 low-risk MDS patients and 81 controls were studied. Gene expression analysis revealed that iron metabolism and mitochondrial function had the highest number of genes deregulated in RARS patients compared to controls and the refractory cytopenias with unilineage dysplasia (RCUD). Thus mitochondrial transporters SLC25 (SLC25A37 and SLC25A38) and ALAD genes were over-expressed in RARS. Moreover, significant differences were observed between patients with SF3B1 mutations and patients without the mutations. The deregulation of genes involved in iron and mitochondrial metabolism provides new insights in our knowledge of MDS-RS. New variants that could be involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases have been identified. copy; 2015 del Rey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


del Rey M.,University of Salamanca | del Rey M.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Pericacho M.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Pericacho M.,University of Salamanca | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The functional mechanisms involved in angiogenesis and the potential role of endoglin (ENG), recently described as a new marker for this process, have not been explored in Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS). In order to gain insight in MDS angiogenesis a combined analysis in bone marrow (BM) of gene expression levels, angiogenesis-related soluble factors and functional angiogenesis-related studies was carried out. Ninety-seven MDS patients and forty-two normal BM samples were studied. The morphology of the capillary-like structures originated by two endothelial cells lines in the BM environment of patients with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) was different from those of the remaining MDS. In addition, the BM mononuclear cells from RCMD patients displayed over-expression of VEGF, HIF and FN1 while they showed reduced expression of ENG in contrast to the normal ENG expression of the remaining low-risk MDS and the high expression of ENG in high-risk MDS subtype. Moreover, higher soluble ENG and soluble FLT-1 levels in BM microenvironment were observed in RCMD cases, which distinguished them from other individuals. Therefore, the present study suggests that the patterns of angiogenesis are different between the MDS subtypes. The differences in angiogenesis observed in RCMD patients could be related to ENG abnormalities. © 2013 del Rey et al.


Garcia-Solaesa V.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca | Garcia-Solaesa V.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Sanz-Lozano C.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Sanz-Lozano C.,University of Salamanca | And 17 more authors.
Allergologia et Immunopathologia | Year: 2014

The prostaglandin D2 receptor (PTGDR) gene has been associated to asthma and related phenotypes by linking and association studies. Functional studies involving animal models and other expression studies based on in vitro cell models also point to a possible role of polymorphisms in the promoter region, in the differential binding of transcription factors, and thus in PTGDR expression, which appear to be associated to the development of asthma or of susceptibility to the disease. © 2012 SEICAP.


Perez-Gonzalez P.,University of Salamanca | Perez-Gonzalez P.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | Johannesen P.T.,University of Salamanca | Johannesen P.T.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | And 2 more authors.
Trends in Hearing | Year: 2014

The temporal masking curve (TMC) method is a behavioral technique for inferring human cochlear compression. The method relies on the assumptions that in the absence of compression, forward-masking recovery is independent of masker level and probe frequency. The present study aimed at testing the validity of these assumptions. Masking recovery was investigated for eight listeners with sensorineural hearing loss carefully selected to have absent or nearly absent distortion product otoacoustic emissions. It is assumed that for these listeners basilar membrane responses are linear, hence that masking recovery is independent of basilar membrane compression. TMCs for probe frequencies of 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 6 kHz were available for these listeners from a previous study. The dataset included TMCs for masker frequencies equal to the probe frequencies plus reference TMCs measured using a high-frequency probe and a low, off-frequency masker. All of the TMCs were fitted using linear regression, and the resulting slope and intercept values were taken as indicative of masking recovery and masker level, respectively. Results for on-frequency TMCs suggest that forward-masking recovery is generally independent of probe frequency and of masker level and hence that it would be reasonable to use a reference TMC for a high-frequency probe to infer cochlear compression at lower frequencies. Results further show, however, that reference TMCs were sometimes shallower than corresponding on-frequency TMCs for identical probe frequencies, hence that compression could be overestimated in these cases. We discuss possible reasons for this result and the conditions when it might occur. © 2014 The Author(s).


Alaka K.J.,Eli Lilly and Company | Noble W.,inVentiv Health | Montejo A.,University of Salamanca | Montejo A.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Salamanca | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry | Year: 2014

Objective This was a flexible-dosed study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of duloxetine 30-120 mg once daily in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in older adult patients. Methods Patients with GAD, who were at least 65 years of age, were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with either duloxetine (N = 151) or placebo (N = 140). The primary efficacy measure was the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) total score, and the primary endpoint was at week 10. Global functioning was assessed by the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). Safety and tolerability was assessed by the occurrence of treatment-emergent adverse events, serious adverse events, laboratory analyses, and vital signs. Analyses were conducted on an intent-to-treat basis. Results The overall baseline mean HAM-A total score was 24, and SDS global score was 14. Completion rates were 75% for placebo and 76% for duloxetine. At week 10, duloxetine was superior to placebo on mean changes from baseline in HAM-A total scores (-15.9 vs. -11.7, p < 0.001) and in SDS global scores (-8.6 vs. -5.4, p < 0.001). Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in ≥5% of duloxetine-treated patients and twice the rate than with placebo including constipation (9% vs. 4%, p = 0.06), dry mouth (7% vs. 1%, p = 0.02), and somnolence (6% vs. 2%, p = 0.14). Conclusion Duloxetine treatment was efficacious in the improvement of anxiety and functioning in older adult patients with GAD, and the safety profile was consistent with previous GAD studies. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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