Mine K.L.,Institute Imunogenetica Associacao Fundo Of Incentivo A Pesquisa |
Mine K.L.,Federal University of São Paulo |
Shulzhenko N.,Institute Imunogenetica Associacao Fundo Of Incentivo A Pesquisa |
Shulzhenko N.,U.S. National Institutes of Health |
And 23 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2013
Although human papillomavirus was identified as an aetiological factor in cervical cancer, the key human gene drivers of this disease remain unknown. Here we apply an unbiased approach integrating gene expression and chromosomal aberration data. In an independent group of patients, we reconstruct and validate a gene regulatory meta-network, and identify cell cycle and antiviral genes that constitute two major subnetworks upregulated in tumour samples. These genes are located within the same regions as chromosomal amplifications, most frequently on 3q. We propose a model in which selected chromosomal gains drive activation of antiviral genes contributing to episomal virus elimination, which synergizes with cell cycle dysregulation. These findings may help to explain the paradox of episomal human papillomavirus decline in women with invasive cancer who were previously unable to clear the virus. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Institute Imunogenetica Associacao Fundo Of Incentivo A Pesquisa
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Transplantation | Year: 2012
The participation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, an innate immunity receptor, has been previously demonstrated in the pathogenesis of acute renal injury. We aimed to investigate whether messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of TLR4 and its adapter molecule, myeloid differentiation primary response gene (MYD) 88, are associated with delayed graft function (DGF) and could be used as biomarkers of its occurrence.TLR4 and MYD88 gene mRNA levels were evaluated with real-time polymerase chain reaction, in preimplantation biopsies (n=89) and first day posttransplantation samples of urine (n=67) and blood (n=80) from graft recipients and analyzed according to donor type (living or deceased) and DGF occurrence.Expression levels of both genes were higher in biopsies from deceased donors than from living donors (P<0.001 for both) but did not differ between deceased-donor kidney transplants with and without DGF; in urine, TLR4 expression levels were higher in patients with prolonged DGF (DGF lasting >14 days) (P=0.05, compared with cases without DGF); in blood, lower mRNA levels of TLR4 and MYD88 predicted pDGF occurrence with an accuracy of 86% and 87%, respectively.The expression levels of TLR4 and MYD88 were higher in kidneys from deceased donors than from living donors. Lower levels of expression of both genes in blood were associated with DGF occurrence. The prediction of prolonged DGF by low TLR4 and MYD88 expression levels in blood with a greater the 85% accuracy was the most important finding of this study.