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Holzman M.E.,Institute Hidrologia Of Llanuras Dr Eduardo Usunoff | Rivas R.,Institute Hidrologia Of Llanuras Dr Eduardo Usunoff | Bayala M.,Institute Hidrologia Of Llanuras Dr Eduardo Usunoff
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters | Year: 2014

In this letter, the relationship between temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and subsurface soil moisture (SM) over crop and native grassland of the Argentine Pampas is analyzed. High correlation (R2 > 0.69) between TVDI and SM measurements was found at different soil depths. In addition, we found that the potential of this index to reflect subsurface soil wetness fluctuations depends on root system depth, root distribution in the soil, and physical soil characteristics. Results indicate that thermal and reflectance data combination could be used to monitor subsurface SM below vegetated areas. © 2014 IEEE.


Mira A.,Institute Hidrologia Of Llanuras Dr Eduardo Usunoff | Veroslavsky G.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Rossello E.,University of Buenos Aires | Vives L.,Institute Hidrologia Of Llanuras Dr Eduardo Usunoff | Rodriguez L.,National University of Santa
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

From the integration results of geological and geophysical data, a subsurface geological model of the Corrientes province (Argentina) that allows visualizing its deep geological structure and how it affected the Guaraní Aquifer System (GAS) is presented. 44 boreholes, 21 geophysical surveys and 1366 depth data from a Bouguer gravity anomaly model have been used. The model was built from five layers easily distinguishable in the regional subsurface: basement, pre-GAS sediments (Paleozoic), GAS sediments (Triassic-Lower Cretaceous), basalts (Serra Geral Group, Lower Cretaceous) and post basaltic sediments. The resulting geometry shows a basement with a structural high, the Dorsal Asunción-Rio Grande, where the GAS and the basaltic layer are thinner and the Mesozoic sediments rise near the surface. It is an area prone to local recharge and regional discharge of the GAS and it is in line with the latest piezometry and groundwater chemical analysis. Furthermore, two important depocenters have been identified, Corrientes and Curuzú structural high blocks, with at least 3500m of sedimentary and volcano-sedimentary deposits that suggest the existence of significant pre-carboniferous sediment units associated to ancient extensional structures of the early Paleozoic. The proposed model allows defining a lithostratigraphic column of Corrientes and gives new criteria to redraw the southwest limit of the GAS. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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