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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Morata D.,University of Chile | Castro de Machuca B.,CONICET | Castro de Machuca B.,Institute Geologia INGEO | Arancibia G.,University of Santiago de Chile | And 2 more authors.
Precambrian Research | Year: 2010

Combined petrological, geochemical, isotopic and geochronological data shed light on the origin and evolution of a peraluminous garnet-bearing two-mica granitoid (El Tigre Granitoid: ETG) cropping out in southwestern Sierra de Pie de Palo (31°31′30″S-68°15′12″W), and to constrain the age and petrogenetic conditions of this intrusive event. ETG experienced amphibolite to greenschist facies metamorphism after igneous crystallization, followed by strong deformation restricted to narrow mylonite zones (ETG shear zone) and partial dynamic recrystallization under lower-T conditions. A dextral shear sense is compatible with kinematic observations registered along the NNE striking regional Las Pirquitas overthrust, active at 473 ± 10 Ma (K/Ar on <2 μm micaceous fraction for the ETG shear zone). The ETG crops out as small, tabular to lenticular vein-like bodies emplaced into metasedimentary rocks of the Pie de Palo Complex. The ETG ranges from granodiorite to tonalite, with a moderately peraluminous signature (ASI = 1.09-1.33; A/CNK >1.1; normative corundum; low CaO values between 1.72 and 2.41%), plotting mostly in the granite-trondhjemite fields of the Ab-An-Or diagram. The trace element contents show a relatively low abundance of Rb, HFS elements such as Y, Nb, Ta, Ga and Zr, and high concentrations of Ba, Sr, and ∑LREE. The chondrite-normalized REE pattern has a high slope with [La/Yb]N = 9.48-55.32 and a negative or absent europium anomaly. Relationships between trace elements suggest the classical setting of granitoids produced in a convergent plate setting. A U-Pb SHRIMP crystallization age on zoned igneous zircon of 1105.5 ± 4.1 Ma suggests that the ETG could be part of the magmatic complex forming the Grenvillian basement of the Western Sierras Pampeanas. (87Sr/86Sr)1105 values of 0.70543 and εNd of +4.2 indicate a rather immature source for its origin, with similar initial isotopic ratios to those found in orthogneisses from elsewhere in the Western Sierras Pampeanas. On the other hand, Sm-Nd model ages (TDM) for the ETG range from 1.20 to 1.39 Ga. Geochemical and isotopic signatures of the ETG could be explained by low-pressure partial melting from a basaltic source under high geothermal gradient conditions. This thermal anomaly could be associated with the 1.1 Ga global period of enhanced mantle plume activity, developing widespread global magmatism. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Castro de Machuca B.,CONICET | Castro de Machuca B.,Institute Geologia INGEO | Conte-Grand A.,Institute Geologia INGEO | Pontoriero S.,Institute Geologia INGEO | And 4 more authors.
Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina | Year: 2011

The Quebrada Blanca igneous unit (Upper Permian-Lower Triassic) intruding the crystalline basement of the Sierra de La Huerta, Western Sierras Pampeanas, is the most differentiated member of a group of similar age and magmatic features distributed in the cited range. it comprises a hypabyssal rhyolite porphyry, a hydrothermal-intrusive breccia wherein two facies with contrasting texture and composition were distinguished, and felsite/rhyolite dikes. This association defines the root zone of a diatreme-type breccia which has been exposed by erosion. Breccia formation was associated with crystallization of the porphyry rhyolite, explosive brecciation, and exsolution of magmatic hydrothermal fluids which broke off and carried upward fragments of the solidified porphyry carapace and metamorphic wall rocks. The rhyolite porphyry was emplaced afterwards probably occupying the feeder conduit. The geochemistry data indicate a high-silica, subalkaline, high-K calk-alkaline and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous affinity for the Quebrada Blanca igneous Unit. Large-ion lithophile elements contents are high whilst Sr, P and Ti contents are low. They show enrichment of LREE and HREE depletion (La/Yb N = 3.37 to 13.67). Geochemical characteristics are compatible with igneous rocks related to volcanic arcs. The studied rocks are tentatively correlated to the dacitic-rhyolitic upper section of the Choiyoi Group and could be assigned to the final stages of the continental magmatic arc developed along the western margin of Gondwana since the Late Carboniferous. Source

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