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Bobadilla-Morales L.,Institute Genetica Humana Dr Enrique Corona Rivera Doctorado Of Biologia Molecular | Bobadilla-Morales L.,University of Guadalajara | Pimentel-Gutierrez H.J.,Institute Genetica Humana Dr Enrique Corona Rivera Doctorado Of Biologia Molecular | Gallegos-Castorena S.,Servicio de Hematologia Y Oncologia Pediatrica | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Cytogenetics | Year: 2015

Here we present a male patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) initially diagnosed as M5 and with karyotype 46, XY. After induction therapy, he underwent a HLA-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and six years later he relapsed as AML M1 with an abnormal karyotype//47, XX,+10[2]/47, XX,+11[3]/48, XX,+10,+11 [2]/46, XX[13]. Based on this, we tested the possibility of donor cell origin by FISH and molecular STR analysis. We found no evidence of Y chromosome presence by FISH and STR analysis consistent with the success of the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from the female donor. FISH studies confirmed trisomies and no evidence of MLL translocation either p53 or ATM deletion. Additionally 28 fusion common leukemia transcripts were evaluated by multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay and were not rearranged. STR analysis showed a complete donor chimerism. Thus, donor cell leukemia (DCL) was concluded, being essential the use of cytological and molecular approaches. Pediatric DCL is uncommon, our patient seems to be the sixth case and additionally it presented a late donor cell leukemia appearance. Different extrinsic and intrinsic mechanisms have been considered to explain this uncommon finding as well as the implications to the patient. © 2015 Bobadilla-Morales et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

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