Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW

Berlin, Germany

Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW

Berlin, Germany

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Aretz A.,Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW | Heinbach K.,Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW | Hirschl B.,Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW | Prahl A.,Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW | Salecki S.,Institute fur Okologische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Gemeinnutzig IOW
GAIA | Year: 2013

The German federal states and their communities can benefit on a large scale from the use of renewable energies, which induce important local benefits due to their decentralized structure. The model developed by the Institute for Ecological Economy Research is the first to quantify generated effects on value added and employment on a local, regional and countrywide scale. Net value added is calculated as the sum of three components: tax revenues, company profits and wages, which are generated by the involved agents along the value chains of the examined 29 technologies. A comparison of value added and employment effects generated by the wind energy sector between the German federal states of Baden-Württemberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Brandenburg reveals their specific competitive advantages in the value chain. Furthermore, the analysis shows that the wind energy sector can create value added and employment in various ways. Regional policies can help exploit the competitive advantages of the federal states but also aim to diversify local industries to participate and compete in multiple steps of the value chain. © 2013 A. Aretz et al.; licensee oekom verlag.

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