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Rahnfeld M.,TU Dresden | Rahnfeld M.,Institute for Work and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance | Wendsche J.,TU Dresden | Wendsche J.,Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health BAuA | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Ageing

In times of global demographic changes, strategies are needed for improving nursing staff retention. We examined the association of care setting (nursing homes and home care) with geriatric nurses’ intention to leave their job and their profession. Thus far, it is unclear why nurses’ turnover intention and behaviour do not differ between care settings, although working conditions tend to be better in home care. We used the Job Demands-Resources model to explain indirect and buffering effects by job demands (time pressure, social conflicts) and resources (task identity, supervisor support, and co-worker support) via nurses’ perceived health and job satisfaction on nurses’ leaving intentions. The present cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted with a sample of N = 278 registered nurses and nursing aides in German geriatric care. As expected, there was no direct relationship between care setting and leaving attitudes. Demands and resources predicted the intention to leave with job satisfaction as mediator. We found more demands in nursing homes but no differences in resources. Serial mediation effects of care setting on intentions to leave via demands/resources and health/job satisfaction as mediators were found only for time pressure and social conflicts. Unexpectedly, there were no clear differences between intention to leave the job and the profession. As hypotheses were only partly confirmed, other buffering and detrimental effects on leaving intentions are discussed. The present data suggest that detailed concepts for personnel and career planning in geriatric care are needed. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Aleksandrowicz P.,Institute for Work and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance | Zieschang H.,Institute for Work and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance | Braunig D.,Justus Liebig University | Jahn F.,Institute for Work and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics

Certain workplaces are called jobs with limited tenure. Due to physical or psychosocial risk factors, often coupled with qualification mismatches, workers cannot grow old in them. That may lead to premature exit into retirement, to a period of drawing a work incapacity pension or to a long spell of unemployment. A horizontal career change, which enables the worker to move on to a less burdening workplace while preserving social status, is a possible solution. The objective of the "Horizontal career change-a new job opportunity for older employees" project is to develop a model of career changes for workers employed in jobs with limited tenure and to implement it in the form of an information- and communication technology-based tool. Possible applications range from individual career planning, through institutionalized vocational reintegration, to personnel development in small and medium-sized enterprises. Source

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