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Alkan F.,Ankara University | Karayel I.,Ankara University | Catella C.,University of Bari | Bodnar L.,University of Bari | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2015

A calicivirus was detected in neonatal calves with enteritis in Kírklareli, Thrace, Turkey. In the full-length genome, Kírklareli virus was related (48% nucleotide identity) to bovine enteric caliciviruses (Nebovirus genus). The virus was also detected in a herd in Ankara, Central Anatolia, but not in other Turkish prefectures. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Bodnar L.,University of Bari | Di Martino B.,University of Teramo | Di Profio F.,University of Teramo | Melegari I.,University of Teramo | And 9 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2016

Caliciviruses are important human and animal pathogens. Novel caliciviruses have been identified recently in dogs, raising questions about their pathogenic role and concerns regarding their zoonotic potential. By screening stool samples of young or juvenile dogs using RT-PCR assays, sapoviruses (SaVs) were found in 7/320 (2.2%) samples of animals with acute gastroenteritis while they were not detected in healthy animals (0/119). The sequence of a nearly 3 kb portion at the 3' end of the genome, encompassing the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), the capsid region (ORF1) and the ORF2 were determined for three strains. A distinctive genetic feature in canine SaVs was a 4-nucleotide (nt) interval between the ORF1 and ORF2. Two strains (Bari/4076/07/ITA and Bari/253/07/ITA) were very closely related in the RdRp and capsid regions to the strain AN210D/09/USA (90.4-93.9% nt), while strain Bari/5020/07/ITA displayed only 71.0-72.0% nt identity to this group of canine SaVs and 76.0% to strain AN196/09/USA. Overall, these findings indicate that the canine SaVs detected in Italy may represent distinct capsid types, although all currently known SaVs segregate into the novel proposed genogroup, tentatively named as GXIII. © 2015.

Kovacs J.K.,University of Pecs | Horvath G.,University of Pecs | Kerenyi M.,University of Pecs | Kocsis B.,University of Pecs | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Microbiological Methods | Year: 2016

Direct bioautography is a useful method to identify antimicrobial compounds with potential therapeutic importance. Because of technical limitations till now, it has been applied only for aerobic bacteria. In this work we present the modification of the original method by which antimicrobial screening of bacteria requiring modified atmosphere became feasible by direct bioautography. Here we demonstrate its applicability by testing three anaerobic Clostridium perfringens and three microaerophilic Campylobacter jejuni strains against two essential oils, clove and thyme. Antimicrobial component profiles of clove and thyme essential oils against these two medically important pathogenic bacteria were compared and significant differences were revealed in their inhibition capacities. Linalool, a component of thyme essential oil exerted a more expressed antibacterial activity against C. perfringens than against C. jejuni. Our results demonstrate that direct bioautography is not only suitable for testing aerobic bacteria, but by applying the presently described modified version it can also contribute to the quest to find novel antimicrobial agents against multidrug resistant anaerobic and microaerophilic bacteria. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Liu Y.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Whipps C.M.,New York University | Gu Z.M.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Huang M.J.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2013

During a survey of myxozoan parasites of common carp Cyprinus carpio in Honghu Lake, Hubei Province, China, a parasite was collected that was identified as Myxobolus dispar based on an earlier description from China. However, the small subunit ribosomal DNA of this species shared only 90 % similarity with M. dispar, instead matching M. musseliusae with 100 % identity. To resolve this apparent taxonomic conflict, the validity of M. dispar reported from China was investigated. The species encountered here and in the earlier report from China both bear spores that are notably smaller than those of M. dispar in Europe. In the present study, a mucous envelope was adhered to the posterior of many fresh spores and was observed to expand and surround the spore. This structure has never been reported from fresh spores of M. dispar. Histology showed extravascular plasmodia in the gill filaments in close contact with the cartilaginous ray of the filament, which contrasts with the plasmodia of M. dispar which develop in the arteries of the gill filaments. Phylogenetically, the current species is distinct from M. dispar, instead forming a sister group with M. musseliusae. The data presented here allow us to conclude that the species isolated is M. musseliusae and that prior reports of M. dispar in China are unsubstantiated. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Papp H.,Institute for Veterinary Medical Research | Lengyel G.,Dr Gyorgy Rado Military Medical Center | Kisfali P.,University of Pecs | Steyer A.,University of Ljubljana | And 4 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2012

During the ongoing rotavirus strain surveillance program conducted in Bulgaria, an unusual human rotavirus A (RVA) strain, RVA/Human/BG/BG620/2008/G5P[6], was identified among 2200 genotyped Bulgarian RVAs. This strain showed the following genomic configuration: G5-P[6]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A8-N1-T1-E1-H1. Phylogenetic analysis of the genes encoding the neutralization proteins and backbone genes identified a probable mixture of RVA genes of human and porcine origin. The VP1, VP6 and NSP2 genes were more closely related to typical human rotavirus strains. The remaining eight genes were either closely related to typical porcine and unusual human-porcine reassortant rotavirus strains or were equally distant from reference human and porcine strains. This study is the first to report an unusual rotavirus isolate with G5P[6] genotype in Europe which has most likely emerged from zoonotic transmission. The absence of porcine rotavirus sequence data from this area did not permit to assess if the suspected ancestral zoonotic porcine strain already had human rotavirus genes in its genome when transmitted from pig to human, or, the transmission was coupled or followed by gene reassortment event(s). Because our strain shared no neutralization antigens with rotavirus vaccines used for routine immunization in children, attention is needed to monitor if this G-P combination will be able to emerge in human populations. A better understanding of the ecology of rotavirus zoonoses requires simultaneous monitoring of rotavirus strains in humans and animals. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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