Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr

Switzerland

Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr

Switzerland

Time filter

Source Type

Catalano C.,University of Palermo | Catalano C.,Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr | Marceno C.,Masaryk University | Laudicina V.A.,University of Palermo | Guarino R.,University of Palermo
Landscape and Urban Planning | Year: 2016

The variations in species composition and assemblage of unmanaged simple-intensive green roofs in Hannover, Germany, were investigated over a thirty year period, in order to assess the persistence of the initial seed mixture and to evaluate floristic changes. The roofs were greened in 1985 with soil-based turf rolls sown with a mixture of five grasses (Festuca rubra, Festuca ovina, Agrostis capillaris, Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis). Three sets of 120 phytosociological relevés, sampled in 1987, 1999 and 2014, have been compared to assess: (1) nestedness vs spatial turnover, (2) functional diversity and (3) the importance of vegetation dynamics on green roof performance and design. Results demonstrated that from 1987 to 1999 the species diversity increased and the species turnover prevailed over nestedness, due to the progressive niche occupation by new species. In contrast, from 1999 to 2014 species diversity remained steady, suggesting that nestedness prevailed over species turnover. The main driver of the observed functional changes was a shift towards relatively more thermoxeric conditions. In terms of plant life strategies, the competitive species sown on the roof gradually gave way to stress-tolerant and ruderal species, along with a progressive increase in species with shortdistance seed dispersal strategies. It is concluded that: (a) to create resilient green roofs, spontaneous colonisation should be accepted and considered as a design factor; and (b) regional plant communities could serve as a model for seed recruitment and installations. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Konig C.,University of Hohenheim | Szallies A.,Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr | Steidle J.L.M.,University of Hohenheim | Tolasch T.,University of Hohenheim
Journal of Chemical Ecology | Year: 2016

The click beetle Betarmon bisbimaculatus (Fabricius, 1803) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) has a scattered distribution throughout a large area in Europe and the near East. Due to its scarcity, little is known about the ecology, biology, and development of this peculiar species. Here, we studied the composition of the female-released sex pheromone of B. bisbimaculatus. Neryl hexanoate, neryl octanoate, and neryl decanoate, in a ratio of approximately 3:1:6, were the only volatile compounds present in the extracts of pheromone glands. A synthetic mixture of all three compounds in the natural ratio was highly attractive to males in field traps. When the compounds were tested individually, only traps baited with neryl hexanoate were attractive, but they caught only a sixth of the males compared to the mixture. Based on the similarity of their sex pheromones, we propose that the tribe Pomachiliini with B. bisbimaculatus is closely related to the tribe Agriotini. This study shows the potential of sex pheromone studies for monitoring of rare and threatened insects as well as for elucidating phylogenetic relationships. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr and University of Hohenheim
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of chemical ecology | Year: 2016

The click beetle Betarmon bisbimaculatus (Fabricius, 1803) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) has a scattered distribution throughout a large area in Europe and the near East. Due to its scarcity, little is known about the ecology, biology, and development of this peculiar species. Here, we studied the composition of the female-released sex pheromone of B. bisbimaculatus. Neryl hexanoate, neryl octanoate, and neryl decanoate, in a ratio of approximately 3:1:6, were the only volatile compounds present in the extracts of pheromone glands. A synthetic mixture of all three compounds in the natural ratio was highly attractive to males in field traps. When the compounds were tested individually, only traps baited with neryl hexanoate were attractive, but they caught only a sixth of the males compared to the mixture. Based on the similarity of their sex pheromones, we propose that the tribe Pomachiliini with B. bisbimaculatus is closely related to the tribe Agriotini. This study shows the potential of sex pheromone studies for monitoring of rare and threatened insects as well as for elucidating phylogenetic relationships.

Loading Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr collaborators
Loading Institute For Umwelt Und Naturliche Ressourcen Iunr collaborators