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Zagreb, Croatia

Borovic S.,Croatian Geological Survey | Markovic I.,Institute for Tourism
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

Current situation and trends in geothermal water utilization in Croatia have been analyzed based on data gathering and observations in a period of 16 years with special attention devoted to their use for tourism purposes. Early 2014 geothermal water was utilized at 26 locations (15 springs and 11 deep boreholes) for 10 different purposes. The traditional modalities of use - recreation and balneotherapy - remain dominant. The fluctuations in the number of sites that utilized geothermal water were low and a result of temporary closure of facilities due to the necessary modernization or termination of their work because of non-profitability. The changes in geothermal water utilization during the considered period indicate stagnation in the development of this resource. Geothermal waters contain an energy potential significant for heating and cooling sector on a national scale, and for electricity generation and cascade utilization on local scale. Those could be energy self-sufficient tourism facilities with low environmental footprint, enriched by the attractions that can be provided with innovative geothermal utilization schemes. Given the untapped geothermal potential and the anticipated growth in demand for health and spa tourism, increased use of geothermal waters for this purpose can be expected. In the interest of safeguarding this valuable resource, it is important to plan sustainable utilization during each phase of geothermal site development cycle and fully implement joint management principles to transboundary geothermal aquifers by including neighbouring countries. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Mackelworth P.C.,Marine Conservation Institute | Caric H.,Institute for Tourism
Environment, Development and Sustainability | Year: 2010

Sustainable development (SD) is generally recognised as having three dimensions, ecological, economic and social. Yet, its implementation is burdened with resistance and conflict rooted in the short-term 'business as usual' development model, opposed to the long-term sustainable benefit of local communities. Hence, the development of strategies to implement SD projects may require further differentiation of these dimensions in relation to the contextual situation in which the project resides. In two studies of SD projects on the Croatian islands, we identify five interlocking spheres of importance, Spiritual, Political, Economic, Educational and Health, in addition to Ecological. Each of these spheres is accessible through gate-keepers, individuals or a group of people who have the authority over the sector and as such, significantly influence public opinion. We suggest that in this particular island context the sustainability of these projects may lie with those gate-keepers. Hence, initiating and maintaining SD projects in these contexts requires a structured and targeted lobbying of these gate-keepers. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Caric H.,Institute for Tourism | Mackelworth P.,Marine Conservation Institute | Mackelworth P.,University of Primorska
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2014

Cruise tourism is a growing sector of the travel and recreation industry. Due to it mobility it is often one of the first forms of tourism to relocate to new host environments and it is encouraged by transition economies looking to increase foreign revenue. Yet the environmental impacts of cruise vessels on the host environment can be significant, and due to the growth of this sector, it is likely to increase. The Mediterranean is a growing market for cruise tourism. The absence of any international coordination of the industry at the region level leaves it open to exploitation, especially considering the lack of effective pollution control mechanisms in most States. The Adriatic Sea, and Croatia in particular, is of growing interest to the cruise industry. As such Croatia can serve as an example of the strategies and practices that will be implemented as the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean States become more stable and accessible. This work examines cruise ship emissions and impacts, points to existing environmental management options, and opens up the discussion on coastal tourism development as a panacea to the current economic crisis in the region. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Tokic K.,Institute for Tourism
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2014

Information literacy is a precondition for users to independently access, understand and critically question the information in complex information environments. Since the process of learning is not limited to formal education, but is extended to a professional life and leisure time, this article aims to explore how tourism libraries in Croatia, with their contents offered online, respond not only to changes in information literacy of users, but also to changes of user education needs and changes in lifelong learning. Tourism has been selected as the area of research because of its great importance for the economy of Croatia. Tourism is an interdisciplinary phenomenon and its efficacy in the economic industry lies to a large degree on scientific research, which, itself, rests on the basis of high quality information. Libraries that organize and offer information and theoretical support emerge as indispensable infrastructures to scientists and researchers of tourism, students, and others who seek tourism information. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014. Source


Caric H.,Institute for Tourism
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2011

Cruise tourism is new economic, social and environmental phenomena with potential serious impacts on the three pillars of sustainability. This paper will look into the environmental impacts in order to disclose potential hazards in port of Dubrovnik. Subsequently, existing mechanisms to deal with the hazards will be analyzed to determine their effectiveness to mitigate the impacts. This process will use direct pollution costs calculations to enable cost benefit analysis. Other impact analysis will be conducted in form of environmental (pollution) footprinting that compare environmental loads of cruise tourist vs. local inhabitant. The two (cost benefit analysis and environmental footprinting) analysis will provide information on general aspects of cruise tourism carrying capacity and its current direction of development. Finally, the discussion will point to key pollution management issues, possible solutions to some of the pollutions aspects, and stress other direct ecological threats. © 2011 Coastal Education & Research Foundation. Source

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