Ching Y.-H.,University of South Florida |
Shivers S.C.,University of South Florida |
Karlnoski R.A.,University of South Florida |
Payne W.G.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2016
The purpose of this study was to compare patient outcomes according to the method of diagnosing burn inhalation injury. After approval from the American Burn Association, the National Burn Repository Dataset Version 8.0 was queried for patients with a diagnosis of burn inhalation injury. Subgroups were analyzed by diagnostic method as defined by the National Burn Repository. All diagnostic methods listed for each patient were included, comparing mortality, hospital days, intensive care unit (ICU) days, and ventilator days (VDs). Z-tests, t-tests, and linear regression were used with a statistical significance of P value of less than.05. The database query yielded 9775 patients diagnosed with inhalation injury. The greatest increase in mortality was associated with diagnosis by bronchoscopy or carbon monoxide poisoning. A relative increase in hospital days was noted with diagnosis by bronchoscopy (9 days) or history (2 days). A relative increase in ICU days was associated with diagnosis according to bronchoscopy (8 days), clinical findings (2 days), or history (2 days). A relative increase in VDs was associated with diagnosis by bronchoscopy (6 days) or carbon monoxide poisoning (3 days). The combination of diagnosis by bronchoscopy and clinical findings increased the relative difference across all comparison measures. The combination of diagnosis by bronchoscopy and carbon monoxide poisoning exhibited decreased relative differences when compared with bronchoscopy alone. Diagnosis by laryngoscopy showed no mortality or association with poor outcomes. Bronchoscopic evidence of inhalation injury proved most useful, predicting increased mortality, hospital, ICU, and VDs. A combined diagnosis determined by clinical findings and bronchoscopy should be considered for clinical practice. © 2012 by the American Burn Association.
Payne W.G.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Payne W.G.,University of South Florida |
Payne W.G.,Bay Pines VA Healthcare System |
Wachtel T.L.,Stemnion |
And 4 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2010
Background: Amnion-derived multipotent progenitor (AMP) cells, unlike most stem cells, have been demonstrated to be nontumorigenic and nonimmunogenic. Amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS), a secreted product of AMP cells, is a cocktail of cytokines existing at physiological levels and has been used to accelerate epithelialization of experimental partial-thickness burns. Methods: Using modifications of Zawacki's guinea pig partial-thickness scald burn model, a total of 65 animals were treated with ACCS, ACCS + AMP cells, unconditioned medium (UCM) + AMP cells, or either UCM alone or saline as controls. Dosage times ranged from every other day to once a week. Percent epithelialization was serially determined from acetate wound tracings. Histology was performed on wound biopsies. Results: ACCS, UCM + AMP cells, and ACCS + AMP cells improved epithelialization compared with the two control groups (P < 0.05). When ACCS was delivered more frequently, statistically significant more rapid epithelialization occurred (P < 0.05). By day 7, all groups treated with ACCS had reached at least 90% epithelialization, whereas control groups were only 20-40% epithelialized (P < 0.05). Histology showed excellent regeneration of the epidermis with rete ridge formation. Hair growth occurred in ACCS-treated animals but not in the control group. Conclusions: Amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution accelerates the healing of experimental partial-thickness burns. Based on these findings, a multicenter clinical trial is underway. © 2010 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.
Uberti M.G.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Pierpont Y.N.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Pierpont Y.N.,University of South Florida |
Ko F.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
And 7 more authors.
Annals of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2010
Amnion-derived Multipotent Progenitor cells appear to be useful as adjuvants in wound healing. Amnion-derived multipotent progenitor cells secrete a unique combination of cytokines and growth factors, known as amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS). In the skin, a cytokine communication network between mesenchymal and epithelial cells tightly controls keratinocyte and fibroblast migration, proliferation and differentiation-key determinants of wound healing. To evaluate the influence of ACCS on the migratory behavior of keratinocytes and fibroblasts, cell migration was assayed quantitatively using a Boyden chamber. Chemotactic migration activity of fibroblasts or keratinocytes through the membrane determined the influence of ACCS. In the presence of ACCS, fibroblasts and keratinocytes demonstrated a statistically significant (P < 0.05) increase in migration when compared with controls. These cell types, critical to normal wound healing, may be influenced to accelerate migration in wounds, thus accelerating wound repair/healing. Copyright © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Uberti M.G.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Lufkin A.E.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Lufkin A.E.,University of South Florida |
Pierpont Y.N.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
And 6 more authors.
Annals of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2011
Activated macrophages play a significant role in wound healing and infected tissue repair. In this study, we investigate the recruitment of macrophages into the wound, and the effects on the bactericidal/phagocyte activity after exposure to amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS). To evaluate the influence of ACCS on the migratory behavior of macrophages, cell migration was assayed quantitatively using a Boyden chamber. Chemotactic migration activity of macrophages through the membrane determined the influence of ACCS. In the presence of ACCS, macrophages demonstrated a statistically significant (P < 0.05) increase in migration as compared with controls. Subsequently, groups of macrophages were exposed to different concentrations of ACCS solution. The killing and phagocytic activity of each group was compared with the control after exposure to Escherichia coli. Macrophage activity following activation by higher concentrations of ACCS demonstrated significantly increased phagocytosis as well as a trend correlation between percentage ACCS concentration and bactericidal activity. These cell types, critical to normal wound healing, may be influenced by ACCS to accelerate migration and enhance bactericidal/ phagocytic activity in wounds. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Wang L.,NovaBay Pharmaceuticals |
Belisle B.,NovaBay Pharmaceuticals |
Belisle B.,CCBR-SYNARC |
Bassiri M.,NovaBay Pharmaceuticals |
And 9 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2011
During oxidative burst, neutrophils selectively generate HOCl to destroy invading microbial pathogens. Excess HOCl reacts with taurine, a semi-essential amino acid, resulting in the formation of the longer-lived biogenerated broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent, N-chlorotaurine (NCT). In the presence of an excess of HOCl or under moderately acidic conditions, NCT can be further chlorinated, or it can disproportionate to produce N, N-dichlorotaurine (NNDCT). In the present study, 2,2-dimethyltaurine was used to prepare a more stable N-chlorotaurine, namely, N, N-dichloro-2,2-dimethyltaurine (NVC-422). In addition, we report on the chemical characterization, in vitro antimicrobial properties, and cytotoxicity of this compound. NVC-422 was shown effectively to kill all 17 microbial strains tested, including antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecium. The minimum bactericidal concentration of NVC-422 against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria ranged from 0.12 to 4 μg/ml. The minimum fungicidal concentrations against Candida albicans and Candida glabrata were 32 and 16 μg/ml, respectively. NVC-422 has an in vitro cytotoxicity (50% cytotoxicity = 1,440 μg/ml) similar to that of NNDCT. Moreover, our data showed that this agent possesses rapid, pH-dependent antimicrobial activity. At pH 4, NVC-422 completely killed both Escherichia coli and S. aureus within 5 min at a concentration of 32 μg/ml. Finally, the effect of NVC-422 in the treatment of an E. coli-infected granulating wound rat model was evaluated. Treatment of the infected granulating wound with NVC-422 resulted in significant reduction of the bacterial tissue burden and faster wound healing compared to a saline-treated control. These findings suggest that NVC-422 could have potential application as a topical antimicrobial. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Schwartz J.A.,Roosevelt University |
Lantis J.C.,Roosevelt University |
Gendics C.,Roosevelt University |
Fuller A.M.,Roosevelt University |
And 2 more authors.
International Wound Journal | Year: 2013
Few studies regarding wound treatment with topical antimicrobials evaluate change in the bacterial bioburden of the wound with treatment. This study sought out to determine the in vivo effect of cadexomer iodine antibacterial dressing on diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) that were infected or achieved a critical level of colonisation, looking specifically at wound progression in relation to bioburden. Fifteen patients corresponding to 16 total DFUs met criteria of displaying clinical signs of infection or critical colonisation and were suitable for a topical antibacterial dressing. They underwent weekly treatment for 6 weeks. Cultures were taken at week 0, 3 and 6 as appropriate. At week 6 median log10 bacterial count reduction of 1.0 was observed from baseline (p = 0·025). At week 3- a median log10 bacterial count reduction of 0.3 was observed from baseline (p = 0·049). Over the study period there was a 53.6% median reduction of the wound surface area. There were no patients that completely healed their ulcer over the 6 week study period. There was a statistically significant median reduction in the bacterial load over the 6 week period (p = 0·025) as well as 3 weeks (p = 0·049). This was accompanied by a median reduction of 53.6% in ulcer surface area and 50% in ulcer depth from baseline to final. © 2012 The Authors International Wound Journal © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and Medicalhelplines.com Inc.
Kellogg B.C.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Kellogg B.C.,University of South Florida |
Hiro M.E.,Institute for Tissue Regeneration |
Hiro M.E.,University of South Florida |
And 2 more authors.
Annals of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2014
Conclusion: The neoplastic response associated with breast prostheses appears substantively different from other implantable devices. Physicians caring for patients with silicone elastomer-containing implants should have increased suspicion for implant-associated ALCL and report all pertinent cases in the literature.Objective: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare form of non- Hodgkin T-cell lymphoma potentially associated with silicone-shelled breast implants. The low incidence of ALCL has prevented establishment of causality. Many implantable devices are constructed with biomaterials similar to those used in breast prostheses. The purpose of this paper is to identify reports of ALCL in association with other types of implantable devices.Methods: A literature review was conducted using PubMed to identify reports of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in association with various implantable devices.Results: One case of ALCL was identified in association with a stainless steel internal fixation plate. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was widely reported in association with various implantable biomaterials and chronic inflammation. Copyright © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ching J.A.,University of South Florida |
Shah J.L.,University of South Florida |
Doran C.J.,University of South Florida |
Chen H.,University of South Florida |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2015
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the utility of singed nasal hair (SN), carbonaceous sputum (CS), and facial burns (FB) as indicators of burn inhalation injury, when compared to the accepted standard of bronchoscopic diagnosis of inhalation injury. An institutional review board approved, retrospective review was conducted. All patients were suspected to have burn inhalation injury and subsequently underwent bronchoscopic evaluation. Data collected included: percent burn TBSA, burn injury mechanism, admission physical exam findings (SN, CS, FB), and bronchoscopy findings. Thirty-five males and twelve females met inclusion criteria (n = 47). Bronchoscopy was normal in 31 patients (66%). Data were analyzed as all patients and in subgroups according to burn TBSA and an enclosed space mechanism of injury. Physical exam findings (SN, CS, FB) were evaluated individually and in combination. Overall, the sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values, and negative predictive values calculated were poor and inconsistent, and they did not improve within subgroup analysis or when physical findings were combined. Further statistical analysis suggested the physical findings, whether in isolation or in combination, have poor discrimination between patients that have and do not have inhalation injury (AUC < 0.7, P > .05) and poor agreement with the diagnosis made by bronchoscopy (κ < 0.4, P > .05). This remained true in the subgroup analysis as well. Our data demonstrated the findings of SN, CS, and FB are unreliable evidence for inhalation injury, even in the context of an enclosed space mechanism of injury. Thus, these physical findings are not absolute indicators for intubation and should be interpreted as one component of the history and physical. © 2014 by the American Burn Association.
PubMed | Institute for Tissue Regeneration
Type: | Journal: Eplasty | Year: 2012
To compare the in vitro and in vivo effects of silver products on wound healing.Eight silver products were compared to determine: fibroblast function using fibroblast-populated collagen lattices (FPCLs), fibroblast viability using the Trypan Blue exclusion test, and fibroblast mitochondrial activity using the MTT [yellow tetrazolium salt; 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. In vivo effects of 9 silver products were evaluated utilizing a rat model of contaminated wounds. Serial quantitative bacteriology was performed on tissue biopsies over a 10-day period and serial wound areas were obtained over 12 days.Fibroblast cytotoxicity occurred for all of the silver products evaluated. Remaining viable fibroblasts were insufficient to allow FPCL contraction. Mitochondrial activity of the fibroblasts allowed a separation of the various silver compounds. Actisorb Silver and Silvercel had the greatest viable fibroblast activity, but less than the control. Despite in vitro cytotoxicity, all of the silver products except Contreet Foam and Acticoat Moisture Control accelerated wound healing.Silver-containing dressings appeared to benefit healing of the wounds. Just as in vitro bacterial analyses do not fully predict the effect of an antimicrobial in the in vivo setting, in vitro cytotoxicity tests do not fully predict the effect of an agent on wound healing trajectories. Because of the varied antimicrobial and wound healing responses among products, a careful consideration of the particular effects of individual silver-containing dressings or drugs is warranted.
PubMed | Institute for Tissue Regeneration
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Annals of plastic surgery | Year: 2011
Activated macrophages play a significant role in wound healing and infected tissue repair. In this study, we investigate the recruitment of macrophages into the wound, and the effects on the bactericidal/phagocyte activity after exposure to amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS). To evaluate the influence of ACCS on the migratory behavior of macrophages, cell migration was assayed quantitatively using a Boyden chamber. Chemotactic migration activity of macrophages through the membrane determined the influence of ACCS. In the presence of ACCS, macrophages demonstrated a statistically significant (P < 0.05) increase in migration as compared with controls. Subsequently, groups of macrophages were exposed to different concentrations of ACCS solution. The killing and phagocytic activity of each group was compared with the control after exposure to Escherichia coli. Macrophage activity following activation by higher concentrations of ACCS demonstrated significantly increased phagocytosis as well as a trend correlation between percentage ACCS concentration and bactericidal activity. These cell types, critical to normal wound healing, may be influenced by ACCS to accelerate migration and enhance bactericidal/phagocytic activity in wounds.