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Podgorica, Montenegro

Bjelogrlic B.,University of Belgrade | Aleksic V.,University of Belgrade | Rancic N.,University of Kragujevac | Samardzic M.,Institute for Sick Children | And 3 more authors.
Forensic Science International | Year: 2012

Water intoxication (WI) is a rare condition that originates from over-consumption of water, with a potentially fatal outcome. Increased water intake (polydipsia) is followed by urination of high amount of diluted urine (polyuria) which are the main initial symptoms of WI. We present four case reports of WI. Two of them are unusual pediatric clinical cases using medical documentation and police case files, one of which is related to child abuse, and the other to a psychiatric disorder. The other two cases are fatal adult cases submitted to autopsy from a psychiatric hospital. Also, we present a diagnostic algorithm for polydipsia and polyuria before death. WI is usually seen in patients with psychiatric disorders, victims of child abuse or torture, drug abusers or it can be iatrogenically induced. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Samardzic M.,Institute for Sick Children | Pavicevic S.,Institute for Sick Children | Ludwig M.,University of Bonn | Bogdanovic R.,11 Health
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2011

Introduction. Dent's disease is an X-linked recessive proximal tubulopathy characterized by low molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis and progressive renal failure. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the third report on the use of growth hormone therapy in a child with poor growth associated with Dent's disease. Case presentation. We report on a 7-year-old Montenegrin boy with proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, rickets and short stature with unimpaired growth hormone secretion. A molecular genetic analysis showed S244L substitution on the CLCN5 gene. After two years of conventional treatment with hydrochlorothiazide, laboratory tests revealed more prominent proteinuria, mild hypophosphatemia, increased values of alkaline phosphatase and features of rickets. Phosphate salts, calcitriol, potassium citrate and growth hormone were included in the therapy. After three years of therapy, his adjusted parental stature was 1.53 standard deviations higher than at the initiation of growth hormone therapy. His global kidney functions and levels of proteinuria and calciuria remained relatively stable. In spite of the growth hormone therapy, his tubular reabsorption of phosphate deteriorated. Conclusion: Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone may have a positive effect on final height in poorly growing children with Dent's disease and hypophosphatemic rickets. However, it is not possible to reach definite conclusions due to the small sample within the literature and the brief duration of the therapy. © 2011 Samardzic et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Samardzic M.,Institute for Sick Children | Tahirovic H.,Academy of science and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Popovic N.,Institute for Sick Children | Popovic-Samardzic M.,John Jackson Bb
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2016

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate healthrelated quality of life (HRQOL) in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (TIDM) in Montenegro compared with healthy controls and to estimate the effect of metabolic control on perceptions of HRQOL. Methods: This study involved children and adolescents with T1DM, age-and gender-matched healthy children and their parents. Children and adolescents with T1DM and their parents completed Peds QL 4.0 Generic Core Scales (GCS) and PedsQL 3.0 Diabetes Module. Healthy children and their parents completed self-and proxyreport of Peds QL 4.0 GCS. Results: Our study (self-and proxy-report) showed that children and adolescents with T1DM had lower HRQOL on domain Psychosocial health and School functioning compared with healthy population (p = 0.008; p ≤ 0.001). Lower glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) values were associated with fewer worries, and better health perception by diabetic children and their parents. We did not find notable differences between boys and girls on health perception. Different age groups reported similar QOL. Parents reported that the illness has a greater impact on children's lives than the children reported themselves. Conclusions: Compared with the healthy children, the HRQOL was lower among children and adolescents with T1DM. Lower HbA1c was associated with better quality of life.

Zerjav Tansek M.,University of Ljubljana | Groselj U.,University of Ljubljana | Angelkova N.,University of Macedonia | Anton D.,Clinical Hospital for Children Sfanta Maria | And 23 more authors.
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: We aimed to assess the current state of PKU screening and management in the region of southeastern Europe. Methods: A survey was performed involving all identified professionals responsible for the PKU management in the 11 countries from South-Eastern region of Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia). The questionnaire was designed to assess the characteristics regarding PKU management in three main areas: nation-wide characteristics, PKU screening, and characteristics of the PKU management in the responding centre. It consisted of 56 questions. The distribution and collection of the questionnaires (via e-mail) was taking place from December 2013 to March 2014. Results: Responses from participants from 11 countries were included; the countries cumulative population is approx. 52.5 mio. PKU screening was not yet introduced in 4 of 11 countries. Reported PKU incidences ranged from 1/7325 to 1/39338 (and were not known for 5 countries). National PKU guidelines existed in 5 of 11 countries and 7 of 11 countries had PKU registry (registries included 40 to 194 patients). The number of PKU centers in each country varied from 1 to 6. Routine genetic diagnostics was reported in 4 of 11 countries. Most commonly used laboratory method to assess phenylalanine levels was fluorometric. Tetrahydrobiopterine was used in only 2 of 11 countries. Most frequently, pediatricians were caring for the patients. Dietitian was a member of PKU team in only 4 of 11 countries, while regular psychological assessments were performed in 6 of 11 countries. Patient's PKU society existed in 7 of 11 countries. Conclusions: The region of southeastern Europe was facing certain important challenges of PKU screening and management. Neonatal PKU screening should be introduced throughout the region. Furthermore, PKU management was falling behind internationally established standards-of-care in many aspects. © 2015 Tansek et al.

Groselj U.,University of Ljubljana | Tansek M.Z.,University of Ljubljana | Smon A.,University of Ljubljana | Angelkova N.,University of Macedonia | And 26 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2014

The aim of our study was to assess the current state of newborn screening (NBS) in the region of southeastern Europe, as an example of a developing region, focusing also on future plans. Responses were obtained from 11 countries. Phenylketonuria screening was not introduced in four of 11 countries, while congenital hypothyroidism screening was not introduced in three of them; extended NBS programs were non-existent. The primary challenges were identified. Implementation of NBS to developing countries worldwide should be considered as a priority. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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