Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN

Nice, France

Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN

Nice, France

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Doyen J.,Nice University Hospital Center | Duranton-Tanneur V.,Nice University Hospital Center | Duranton-Tanneur V.,Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN | Hostein I.,Institute Bergonie | And 15 more authors.
Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology | Year: 2016

Desmoid type fibromatosis (DT) is a rare lesion of unclear pathogenesis that most often presents a mutation of the (β-catenin) gene. The natural history and clinical evolution are highly variable between patients and to date there is no consensus on optimal therapy. We report two cases of a patient with multiple DT lesions. Molecular investigations performed in both patients on multiple tumors at different anatomical sites revealed non-identical CTNNB1 mutations. The first patient was a 39-year-old man with a history of recurrent DT. In two of the DT lesions, three different mutations were found in codons 41 and 45, respectively. The lesions showed marked inflammatory features, characterized by IgG4 positive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and a foreign body reaction, which increased in intensity over time. The patient was eventually treated with a COX-2 inhibitor and the remaining mass was stabilized. In the two DT lesions of the second patient, CTNNB1 mutations S45P and T41A were found. The presence of different mutations in multiple focally recurrent sporadic DT lesions indicates that they do not have a clonal relationship. Our data suggest that a CTNNB1 mutation is a necessary event probably by providing a selective growth advantage. An IgG4 host antigen response is discussed as a potential predisposing factor for one of the patients.


Doyen J.,Nice University Hospital Center | Doyen J.,Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN | Doyen J.,Antoine Lacassagne Center | Duranton-Tanneur V.,Nice University Hospital Center | And 17 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2015

Desmoid type fibromatosis (DT) is a rare lesion of unclear pathogenesis that most often presents a mutation of the (β-catenin) gene. The natural history and clinical evolution are highly variable between patients and to date there is no consensus on optimal therapy. We report two cases of a patient with multiple DT lesions. Molecular investigations performed in both patients on multiple tumors at different anatomical sites revealed non-identical CTNNB1 mutations. The first patient was a 39-year-old man with a history of recurrent DT. In two of the DT lesions, three different mutations were found in codons 41 and 45, respectively. The lesions showed marked inflammatory features, characterized by IgG4 positive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and a foreign body reaction, which increased in intensity over time. The patient was eventually treated with a COX-2 inhibitor and the remaining mass was stabilized. In the two DT lesions of the second patient, CTNNB1 mutations S45P and T41A were found. The presence of different mutations in multiple focally recurrent sporadic DT lesions indicates that they do not have a clonal relationship. Our data suggest that a CTNNB1 mutation is a necessary event probably by providing a selective growth advantage. An IgG4 host antigen response is discussed as a potential predisposing factor for one of the patients. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Granja S.,University of Minho | Granja S.,ICVS 3Bs PT Government Associate Laboratory | Marchiq I.,Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN | Le Floch R.,Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN | And 6 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Most cancers rely on aerobic glycolysis to generate energy and metabolic intermediates. To maintain a high glycolytic rate, cells must efficiently export lactic acid through the proton-coupled monocarboxylate transporters (MCT1/4). These transporters require a chaperone, CD147/BASIGIN (BSG) for trafficking to the plasma membrane and function. To validate the key role of these transporters in lung cancer, we first analysed the expression of MCT1/4 and BSG in 50 non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. These proteins were specifically upregulated in tumour tissues. We then disrupted BSG in three NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1975 and H292) via 'Zinc-Finger Nucleases'. The three homozygous BSG-/-cell lines displayed a low MCT activity (10-to 5-fold reduction, for MCT1 and MCT4, respectively) compared to wild-type cells. Consequently, the rate of glycolysis, compared to the wild-type counterpart, was reduced by 2.0-to 3.5-fold, whereas the rate of respiration was stimulated in BSG-/-cell lines. Both wild-type and BSG-null cells were extremely sensitive to the mitochondria inhibitor metformin/phenformin in normoxia. However, only BSG-null cells, independently of their LKB1 status, remained sensitive to biguanides in hypoxia in vitro and tumour growth in nude mice. Our results demonstrate that inhibiting glycolysis by targeting lactic acid export sensitizes NSCLC to phenformin.


PubMed | Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN, University of Minho and Centro Hospitalar Of Sao Joao
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Most cancers rely on aerobic glycolysis to generate energy and metabolic intermediates. To maintain a high glycolytic rate, cells must efficiently export lactic acid through the proton-coupled monocarboxylate transporters (MCT1/4). These transporters require a chaperone, CD147/BASIGIN (BSG) for trafficking to the plasma membrane and function.To validate the key role of these transporters in lung cancer, we first analysed the expression of MCT1/4 and BSG in 50 non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. These proteins were specifically upregulated in tumour tissues. We then disrupted BSG in three NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1975 and H292) via Zinc-Finger Nucleases. The three homozygous BSG-/- cell lines displayed a low MCT activity (10- to 5-fold reduction, for MCT1 and MCT4, respectively) compared to wild-type cells. Consequently, the rate of glycolysis, compared to the wild-type counterpart, was reduced by 2.0- to 3.5-fold, whereas the rate of respiration was stimulated in BSG-/- cell lines. Both wild-type and BSG-null cells were extremely sensitive to the mitochondria inhibitor metformin/phenformin in normoxia. However, only BSG-null cells, independently of their LKB1 status, remained sensitive to biguanides in hypoxia in vitro and tumour growth in nude mice. Our results demonstrate that inhibiting glycolysis by targeting lactic acid export sensitizes NSCLC to phenformin.


PubMed | Agency for Science, Technology and Research Singapore and Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging of Nice IRCAN
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genes & development | Year: 2016

Expansion of neoplastic lesions generates the initial signal that instigates the creation of a tumor niche. Nontransformed cell types within the microenvironment continuously coevolve with tumor cells to promote tumorigenesis. Here, we identify p38MAPK as a key component of human lung cancer, and specifically stromal interactomes, which provides an early, protumorigenic signal in the tissue microenvironment. We found that lung cancer growth depends on short-distance cues produced by the cancer niche in a p38-dependent manner. We identified fibroblast-specific hyaluronan synthesis at the center of p38-driven tumorigenesis, which regulates early stromal fibroblast activation, the conversion to carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), and cancer cell proliferation. Systemic down-regulation of p38MAPK signaling in a knock-in model with substitution of activating Tyr182 to phenylalanine or conditional ablation of p38 in fibroblasts has a significant tumor-suppressive effect on K-ras lung tumorigenesis. Furthermore, both Kras-driven mouse lung tumors and orthotopically grown primary human lung cancers show a significant sensitivity to both a chemical p38 inhibitor and an over-the-counter inhibitor of hyaluronan synthesis. We propose that p38MAPK-hyaluronan-dependent reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment plays a critical role in driving lung tumorigenesis, while blocking this process could have far-reaching therapeutic implications.

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