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Van Roozendaal L.M.,Maastricht University | de Wilt J.H.W.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Van Dalen T.,Diakonessenhuis Hospital | Van der Hage J.A.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | And 11 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Trials failed to demonstrate additional value of completion axillary lymph node dissection in case of limited sentinel lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients undergoing breast conserving therapy. It has been suggested that the low regional recurrence rates in these trials might partially be ascribed to accidental irradiation of part of the axilla by whole breast radiation therapy, which precludes extrapolation of results to mastectomy patients. The aim of the randomized controlled BOOG 2013-07 trial is therefore to investigate whether completion axillary treatment can be safely omitted in sentinel lymph node positive breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy. Design: This study is designed as a non-inferiority randomized controlled multicentre trial. Women aged 18years or older diagnosed with unilateral invasive clinically T1-2N0 breast cancer who are treated with mastectomy, and who have a maximum of three axillary sentinel lymph nodes containing micro- and/or macrometastases, will be randomized for completion axillary treatment versus no completion axillary treatment. Completion axillary treatment can consist of completion axillary lymph node dissection or axillary radiation therapy. Primary endpoint is regional recurrence rate at 5years. Based on a 5-year regional recurrence free survival rate of 98% among controls and 96% for study subjects, the sample size amounts 439 per arm (including 10% lost to follow-up), to be able to reject the null hypothesis that the rate for study and control subjects is inferior by at least 5% with a probability of 0.8. Results will be reported after 5 and 10years of follow-up. Discussion: We hypothesize that completion axillary treatment can be safely omitted in sentinel node positive breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy. If confirmed, this study will significantly decrease the number of breast cancer patients receiving extensive treatment of the axilla, thereby diminishing the risk of morbidity and improving quality of life, while maintaining excellent regional control and without affecting survival. Trial registration: The BOOG 2013-07 study is registered in the register of ClinicalTrials.gov since April 10, 2014, Identifier: NCT02112682. © 2015 van Roozendaal et al.


PubMed | Netherlands Cancer Institute, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, Arnhem Institute for Radiation Oncology, Diakonessenhuis Hospital and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: BMC cancer | Year: 2015

Trials failed to demonstrate additional value of completion axillary lymph node dissection in case of limited sentinel lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients undergoing breast conserving therapy. It has been suggested that the low regional recurrence rates in these trials might partially be ascribed to accidental irradiation of part of the axilla by whole breast radiation therapy, which precludes extrapolation of results to mastectomy patients. The aim of the randomized controlled BOOG 2013-07 trial is therefore to investigate whether completion axillary treatment can be safely omitted in sentinel lymph node positive breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy.This study is designed as a non-inferiority randomized controlled multicentre trial. Women aged 18years or older diagnosed with unilateral invasive clinically T1-2N0 breast cancer who are treated with mastectomy, and who have a maximum of three axillary sentinel lymph nodes containing micro- and/or macrometastases, will be randomized for completion axillary treatment versus no completion axillary treatment. Completion axillary treatment can consist of completion axillary lymph node dissection or axillary radiation therapy. Primary endpoint is regional recurrence rate at 5years. Based on a 5-year regional recurrence free survival rate of 98% among controls and 96% for study subjects, the sample size amounts 439 per arm (including 10% lost to follow-up), to be able to reject the null hypothesis that the rate for study and control subjects is inferior by at least 5% with a probability of 0.8. Results will be reported after 5 and 10years of follow-up.We hypothesize that completion axillary treatment can be safely omitted in sentinel node positive breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy. If confirmed, this study will significantly decrease the number of breast cancer patients receiving extensive treatment of the axilla, thereby diminishing the risk of morbidity and improving quality of life, while maintaining excellent regional control and without affecting survival.The BOOG 2013-07 study is registered in the register of ClinicalTrials.gov since April 10, 2014, Identifier: NCT02112682 .

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