Time filter

Source Type

Tosevski I.,CABI Europe Switzerland | Tosevski I.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade
Zootaxa | Year: 2010

A phylogenetic analysis of the species belonging to the weevil genus Rhinusa Stephens, 1829 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Curculioninae: Mecinini) was carried out. Rhinusa weevils feed on plants of the closely related families Scrophulariaceae and Plantaginaceae. Based on a cladistic analysis of six outgroup and 33 ingroup taxa, and 39 adult morphological and 8 ecological characters, eight well supported species groups and two monobasic groups belonging to three separate and more inclusive assemblages were recognized. The first assemblage (A) includes nine species belonging to two groups (R. bipustulata and R. tetra groups), whereas the second andthird assemblages (B and C) include a total of 14 species belonging to two groups (R. antirrhini and R. linariae groups) and six groups (R. pilosa, R. herbarum, R. neta, R. vestita, R. mauritii and R. melas groups), respectively. Two of the three main assemblages (A and B) are wellsupported as monophyletic entities, whereas the third assemblage (C) has weak support contingent in part upon the exclusion of host plant associations. Assemblage A includes all species living on species of Scrophulariaceae, with two groups occurring on two closely related plant genera, Scrophularia (R. bipustulata group) and Verbascum (R. tetra group), respectively. The other two assemblages include species living exclusively on species of the family Plantaginaceae, tribe Antirrhineae. These patterns suggest a well conserved and phylogenetically congruent association among the weevils and their hosts. Optimizing host plant preferences onto the morphological phylogeny indicates that feeding on Plantaginaceae was the plesiomorphic condition for the genus Rhinusa. In general there are no strict relationships between groups of weevils and their specific feeding habits; however, species of the R. antirrhini group are all feeding on seed capsules. In contrast, in other groups the larvae of closely related species display significant variations in host plant parasitism. Some species of the R. tetra group feed on seedcapsules whereas others are stem borers. In turn, certain species of the R. neta group feed onseed capsules yet others are inquilines of gall forming species of Rhinusa. The latter habit is present in multiple convergent groups such as the R. linariae and R. pilosa groups. © 2010 Magnolia Press.


Chetverikov P.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Cvrkovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade | Makunin A.,Saint Petersburg State University | Sukhareva S.,Saint Petersburg State University | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2015

Eriophyoids are an ancient group of highly miniaturized, morphologically simplified and diverse phytoparasitic mites. Their possible numerous host-switch events have been accompanied by considerable homoplastic evolution. Although several morphological cladistic and molecular phylogenetic studies attempted to reconstruct phylogeny of Eriophyoidea, the major lineages of eriophyoids, as well as the evolutionary relationships between them, are still poorly understood. New phylogenetically informative data have been provided by the recent discovery of the early derivative pentasetacine genus Loboquintus, and observations on the eriophyoid reproductive anatomy. Herein, we use COI and D1-2 rRNA data of 73 eriophyoid species (including early derivative pentasetacines) from Europe, the Americas and South Africa to reconstruct part of the phylogeny of the superfamily, and infer on the basal divergence of eriophyoid taxa. In addition, a comparative CLSM study of the female internal genitalia was undertaken in order to find putative apomorphies, which can be used to improve the taxonomy of Eriophyoidea. The following molecular clades, marked by differences in genital anatomy and prodorsal shield setation, were found in our analyses: Loboquintus(Pentasetacus((Eriophyidae + Diptilomiopidae)(Phytoptidae-1, Phytoptidae-2))). The results of this study suggest that the superfamily Eriophyoidea comprises basal paraphyletic pentasetacines (Loboquintus and Pentasetacus), and two large monophyletic groups: Eriophyidae s.l. [containing paraphyletic Eriophyidae sensu Amrine et al. 2003 (=Eriophyidae s.str.) and Diptilomiopidae sensu Amrine et al. 2003] and Phytoptidae s.l. [containing monophyletic Phytoptidae sensu Boczek et al. 1989 (=Phytoptidae s.str.) and Nalepellidae sensu Boczek et al. 1989]. Putative morphological apomorphies (including genital and gnathosomal characters) supporting the clades revealed in molecular analyses are briefly discussed. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


Chetverikov P.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Cvrkovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade | Vidovic B.,University of Belgrade | Petanovic R.U.,University of Belgrade
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2013

A new pentasetacine mite Loboquintus subsquamatus n. gen. & n. sp. was found living under scale-like leaves of 2-3 years old twigs of Cupressus sempervirens in Montenegro. This mite species possesses a number of morphological features (uncommon teardrop-shaped body, traits of prosoma, atypical primitive anatomy of the genital apparatus and morphological traits of immatures) which clearly distinguish it from all other known eriophyoids. Adults of L. subsquamatus have seta vi situated on the anterior margin of a uniquely elongate lingua-like thin frontal lobe, three pits on the posterior prodorsal shield margin, a remarkable tube-like structure in the basal part of gnathosoma, a complicated three-layered epigynium, spermathecae directed antero-laterad, short spermathecal tubes and setae eu suppressed in males and possibly expressed in females. External genitalia of males and females of L. subsquamatus are fundamentally similar. Hypothesized remnants of coxisterna III or IV (forming a postgenital plate) are remarkably distinct in males. Two new morphometrical variables are proposed to supplement the CLSM protocol for description of internal genitalia of eriophyoids proposed by Chetverikov et al. (Zootaxa 3560:41-60, 2012b): (a) the length of ventral projection of the transvers genital apodeme and (b) the length of the posterior (=postspermathecal) part of the longitudinal bridge which in L. subsquamatus is remarkably long, whereas in many other eriophyoids it is reduced. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Cvrkovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade | Chetverikov P.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Vidovic B.,University of Belgrade | Petanovic R.,University of Belgrade
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2016

Hazelnut big bud mite, Phytoptus avellanae Nalepa, is one of the most harmful pests of Corylus spp. (Corylaceae) worldwide. Herein, we show that this species represents a complex of two cryptic species: one that lives and reproduces in buds causing their enlargement (‘big buds’) and drying, whereas the other is a vagrant living on leaves, under bud scales and in catkins, based on phylogenetic analyzes of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) DNA and the nuclear D2 region of 28S rDNA sequences. A molecular assessment based on mtCOI DNA and nuclear D2 28S rDNA revealed consistent differences of 16.8 and 3.5 % between the two species, respectively. Molecular analysis also revealed that atypical flattened nymphs (Tegonotus-like nymphs sensu Keifer in Mites Injurious to Economic Plants, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 327–562, 1975) with differently annulated opisthosoma, which appear in the life cycle of P. avellanae s.l., belong to the ‘vagrant’ lineage, i.e. vagrant cryptic species. Light microscopy images of Tegonotus-like nymphs molting into males and females are presented for the first time. Our results suggest that the name P. avellanae comprise two species. Big bud mite should keep the name P. avellanae, and the vagrant cryptic species should be re-named after a proper morphological description is made. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


Petanovic R.U.,University of Belgrade | Amrine J.W.,West Virginia University | Chetverikov P.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Cvrkovic T.K.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade
Zootaxa | Year: 2015

Surveys conducted on horsetails, Equisetum spp. (Equisetaceae), in Serbia led to the discovery of a new eriophyoid mite genus while searching for a classical biological control agent against these weeds in New Zealand. Eriocaenus gen. n. is described based on the type species Aceria equiseti Farkas, 1960 (transferred to Eriophyes by Farkas 1965; herein reassigned to the new genus) and Eriocaenus ramosissimi n. sp., a new species discovered on Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. in Serbia. Eriocaenus equiseti (Farkas, 1960), previously only known from Hungary, was found in Serbia for the first time on Equisetum arvense L. and Equisetum telmateia Ehrh., and is redescribed. Species descriptions include line drawings as well as phase contrast (PCLM), differential interference contrast (DIC) and scanning electron (SEM) micrographs. The differential diagnosis between the two Eriocaenus species is supplemented by molecular differentiation of 28S rDNA sequences including D2 fragments for both mites. © 2015 Magnolia Press.


Chetverikov P.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Beaulieu F.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Cvrkovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade | Vidovic B.,University of Belgrade | Petanovic R.U.,University of Belgrade
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

Oziella sibirica sp. nov., collected from sedges (Cyperaceae: Carex macroura) in Siberia, Russia, is herein described based on the external morphology of all active instars using primarily conventional phase contrast microscopy, and on the female internal genitalia and prodorsal shield design using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) imaging and a 3D modelling technique. A partial mitochondrial COI gene sequence of O. sibirica sp. nov. is also provided, through GenBank, and this represents the first published record of any gene sequence data for the family Phytoptidae. We present remarks on the phylogenetic significance of the position of setae 3a in immature instars of eriophyoids and on the ontogenic variability of the empodium morphology of O. sibirica sp. nov. Using this species as a model, we propose a method for describing the internal genitalia of eriophyoids based on CLSM. We advocate the use of CLSM imaging as a new, relatively simple technique for observing and describing the internal genitalia of eriophyoids, as these largely unexplored genitalic structures may provide phylogenetically meaningful information for improving the classification of this poorly understood group of mites. In addition, CLSM may complement conventional light microscopy techniques in facilitating the interpretation of external structures such as body ornamentation or chaetotaxy. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press.


Pavlovic D.,Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade | Vrbnicanin S.,University of Belgrade | Reinhardt C.,University of Pretoria
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca | Year: 2013

Glyphosate may cause injury to non-target plants. The first detectable symptom after glyphosate treatment is the growth inhibition, followed by noticeable yellowing (chlorosis) of the treated tissue. Five to ten days after the treatment, the chlorosis turns into necrosis and the plants begin to die. Greenhouse research was conducted in 2007 to investigate the response of glyphosate resistant (GR) soybeans PAN 520 line and non-glyphosate resistant EGRET line of soybeans to glyphosate trimesium sulphosate and to evaluate soybeans injury to help in weed resistance detection. The methods used to detect changes were dose response test, HPLC measurement based on glyphosate induced accumulation of shikimate, and morpho-anatomical changes (light and electron microscopy). Damaged chloroplasts are a clear indication of a glyphosate injury. If the injury rating is related to increased shikimate levels, there is greater certainty that differences among biotypes are due to glyphosate tolerance.


PubMed | University of Belgrade, Russian Academy of Sciences, West Virginia University and Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2015

Surveys conducted on horsetails, Equisetum spp. (Equisetaceae), in Serbia led to the discovery of a new eriophyoid mite genus while searching for a classical biological control agent against these weeds in New Zealand. Eriocaenus gen. n. is described based on the type species Aceria equiseti Farkas, 1960 (transferred to Eriophyes by Farkas 1965; herein reassigned to the new genus) and Eriocaenus ramosissimi n. sp., a new species discovered on Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. in Serbia. Eriocaenus equiseti (Farkas, 1960), previously only known from Hungary, was found in Serbia for the first time on Equisetum arvense L. and Equisetum telmateia Ehrh., and is redescribed. Species descriptions include line drawings as well as phase contrast (PCLM), differential interference contrast (DIC) and scanning electron (SEM) micrographs. The differential diagnosis between the two Eriocaenus species is supplemented by molecular differentiation of 28S rDNA sequences including D2 fragments for both mites.


PubMed | Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade, Saint Petersburg State University and University of Belgrade
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental & applied acarology | Year: 2015

Hazelnut big bud mite, Phytoptus avellanae Nalepa, is one of the most harmful pests of Corylus spp. (Corylaceae) worldwide. Herein, we show that this species represents a complex of two cryptic species: one that lives and reproduces in buds causing their enlargement (big buds) and drying, whereas the other is a vagrant living on leaves, under bud scales and in catkins, based on phylogenetic analyzes of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) DNA and the nuclear D2 region of 28S rDNA sequences. A molecular assessment based on mtCOI DNA and nuclear D2 28S rDNA revealed consistent differences of 16.8 and 3.5% between the two species, respectively. Molecular analysis also revealed that atypical flattened nymphs (Tegonotus-like nymphs sensu Keifer in Mites Injurious to Economic Plants, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 327-562, 1975) with differently annulated opisthosoma, which appear in the life cycle of P. avellanae s.l., belong to the vagrant lineage, i.e. vagrant cryptic species. Light microscopy images of Tegonotus-like nymphs molting into males and females are presented for the first time. Our results suggest that the name P. avellanae comprise two species. Big bud mite should keep the name P. avellanae, and the vagrant cryptic species should be re-named after a proper morphological description is made.

Loading Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade collaborators
Loading Institute for Plant Protection and Environment Belgrade collaborators