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Milisavljevic M.,University of Belgrade | Zivkovic S.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Pekmezovic M.,University of Belgrade | Stankovic N.,University of Belgrade | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

Aims: The aim of this study was to address the toxicity of recently described polyene macrolide 32, 33-didehydroroflamycoin (DDHR) on a wide range of fungal pathogens and its potential to control plant fungal diseases. Methods and Results: The antifungal activity of DDHR in vitro was examined against common human and plant pathogenic fungi using a broth microdilution assay and a disk diffusion assay. Minimum inhibitory concentrations ranged from 12·5 to 35 μg ml-1. A radial growth inhibition assay showed that DDHR inhibited mycelia growth, inducing mycelial necrosis and affecting sporulation. During the in vivo assay on apple fruits administration of DDHR 1 h before fungal inoculation inhibited spreading of the infection. Importantly, DDHR exhibited no phytotoxic effects on the model plant, Capsicum annum, verified by the plant growth rate and chlorophyll content. Conclusions: DDHR inhibits growth of various plant pathogens in vitro with the strongest activity against Alternaria alternata, Colletotrichum acutatum and Penicillium expansum, and protects apple fruits from decay. Significance and Impact of the Study: This is the first report of the inhibitory effect of DDHR on important pathogenic fungal isolates. DDHR could be a good scaffold for developing new antifungal agents for fruit and vegetable protection. © 2015 The Society for Applied Microbiology. Source


Gavrilovic V.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Ivanovic Z.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Popovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Zivkovic S.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | And 3 more authors.
Genetika | Year: 2013

During past few years a symptoms of plum and cherry bud necrosis were observed in some regions with significant cherry production in Serbia. Gram negative, fluorescent, oxidative bacterial strains were isolated from the margin of necrotic tissue. All investigated strains are levan and HR positive, while negative results are recorded in oxidase, pectinase and arginin dihydrolase tests (LOPAT+- - - +). Symptoms similar to those observed in natural infection were obtained after artificial inoculation of cherry leaf scares and dormant one year old cherry shoots. Investigated strains as well as reference strain of P. syringae pv. morsprunorum cause the superficial necrosis on artificially inoculated immature cherry fruits, but negative results were recorded in immature pear and lemon fruit tests as well as syringae leaves and bean pods. Gelatin and aesculin tests were negative and tyrosinase and tartrate were positive. Investigated strains isolated from necrotic cherry buds had identical REP-PCR pattern with reference strain of P. syringae pv. morsprunorum. On the basis of obtained results, it was concluded that this bacterium is causal agent of cherry trees bud necrosis in Serbia. Source


Ivanovic Z.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Popovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Kojic M.,University of Belgrade | Stankovic S.,University of Belgrade | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2014

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the genetic diversity of X. arboricola pv. juglandis strains in Serbia. This bacterium is the causal agent of walnut blight and is also associated with apical necrosis of immature walnut fruits. Although walnut blight is long known and widespread in Serbia, a systematic strain diversity study of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis strains from different regions in Serbia has not been performed. The objectives of this work were to examine the molecular diversity and its possible biological significance of 59 isolates of X. arboricola pv. juglandis collected from different geographic locations in Serbia. Genomic variability was assessed by using repetitive PCR, SpeI macrorestriction analysis of genomic DNAs by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and partial sequencing of the gyrB gene. Molecular analyses showed substantial genetic diversity among strains and existence of diverse populations of X. arboricola pv. juglandis in Serbia. © 2014, Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging. Source


Dimkic I.,University of Belgrade | Zivkovic S.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Beric T.,University of Belgrade | Ivanovic T.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | And 3 more authors.
Biological Control | Year: 2013

Two strains of Bacillus sp., SS-12.6 and SS-13.1, showed very strong antibacterial and antifungal activity against phytopathogens. The PCR analysis showed that both strains have the genes for biosynthesis of iturin, bacillomycin and surfactin. Kinetics of production of antimicrobial substances in these strains showed that synthesis started at the beginning of exponential phase of growth. Maximum of activity was slowly reached at the beginning of stationary growth phase and was maintained until the end of observed period. Ethyl acetate extracts of cell-free supernatants of both strains were particularly active against several postharvest fungal pathogens, in vitro and in vivo, in the experiment with apple fruits. Mass spectrometry analysis of ethyl acetate extract of the supernatant of strain SS-12.6 confirmed the presence of antimicrobial lipopeptide surfactin. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


Ivanovic Z.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Stankovic S.,University of Belgrade | Zivkovic S.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | Gavrilovic V.,Institute for Plant Protection and the Environment | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2012

Infection of fruit trees by Pseudomonas syringae is a potentially serious problem that may limit the establishment and sustained productivity of pome and stone fruit orchards in Serbia. To estimate possible diversity of Pseudomonas syringae fruit trees strains, we collected a set of strains in several areas of Serbia. The samples were taken from infected orchards with raspberry, plum, cherry, sour cherry, peach, pear and apple trees. Genetic diversity of P. syringae strains isolated from fruit trees was determined by using SpeI macrorestriction analysis of genomic DNAs by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and REP-PCR. Molecular analysis showed that most of isolates had unique profiles, with the exception of isolates from plum and cherry that displayed profiles identical to each other and similar to P. syringae pv. morsprunorum. The study presented here clearly demonstrates the discriminative power of molecular techniques in enabling a detailed analysis of the genetic variations between strains of P. syringae from different pome and stone fruit hosts in Serbia. © 2012 KNPV. Source

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