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Bruhwiler T.,University of Zürich | Bucher H.,University of Zürich | Krystyn L.,Institute For Palaontologie
Special Papers in Palaeontology | Year: 2012

The 'Parahedenstroemia' beds in the Mikin Formation at the Mud, Guling, Lalung and Losar localities in the Spiti area (Himachal Pradesh, northern India) yield abundant and well-preserved Smithian (Early Triassic) ammonoid faunas. Our data allow the construction of a high-resolution ammonoid succession spanning the middle to latest Smithian time interval. The new biostratigraphical succession comprises the following eight distinct ammonoid faunas (in ascending order): the Brayardites compressus beds; the Nammalites pilatoides beds, subdivided into the Escarguelites spitiensis horizon and the Truempyceras compressum horizon; the Pseudoceltites multiplicatus beds; the Nyalamites angustecostatus beds; the Wasatchites distractus beds; the Subvishnuites posterus beds; and the Glyptophiceras sinuatum beds. This faunal succession correlates with other Tethyan successions including the Salt Range (Pakistan), Tulong (South Tibet) and Guangxi Province (South China). The new genera Escarguelites, Hermannites, Kraffticeras, Nuetzelia and Steckites and six new species Escarguelites spitiensis, Hermannites rursiradiatus, Nuetzelia himalayica, Steckites brevus, Subvishnuites posterus and Truempyceras compressum are described. © The Palaeontological Association.

Doppes D.,Reiss Engelhorn Museen | Rabeder G.,Institute For Palaontologie | Stiller M.,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology | Stiller M.,Pennsylvania State University
Quaternary International | Year: 2011

This study presents a cohesive review of the existing radiometric data as well as morphological and genetic analysis of bear remains from ten high-alpine caves, mostly from the Middle Würmian Interstadial complex, roughly corresponding to the marine isotope stage (MIS) 3 and dating back between 65,000-30,000 years before present. Today these caves are located in an area without any vegetation, which could not provide the herbivorous bears with sufficient food resources. It therefore can be concluded that the Middle Würmian in the Alps had to be warmer than it is today. Furthermore, congruent and conflicting data from soil formation in loess sequences as well as sinter data in caves are discussed in more detail to evaluate this hypothesis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Horejs B.,Osterreichisches Archaologisches Institute | Galik A.,University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna | Thanheiser U.,Institute For Palaontologie | Wiesinger S.,Institute For Palaontologie
Prahistorische Zeitschrift | Year: 2011

The article presents firstly an overview of the excavation results from çÇukuriççi Hööyük, a tell on the mid-Aegean coastline in Western Anatolia. The site at the mouth of the Küççük Menderes lies in a topographically favourable settlement chamber from which mostly surface finds from prehistoric periods have been known until now; these will be discussed and re-evaluated in light of the excavation results. The article also focuses on the latest settlements, which comparative stratigraphy and a 14C sequence date to the EBA 1 between 2900 and 2750 calBC. The finds of this period, which are considered in the context of architectonic units, are subjected to an initial archaeological spatial analysis in which various activities are discussed. The result is an overall picture of the presumably central area of the tell, consisting of several metallurgy workshops in close proximity to residential structures. The use of obsidian and specific metal alloys suggests different exchange systems within a broader geographic region. The presentation of plant remains shows clear differences in the spectrum between the Late Chalcolithic and the EBA 1. The zoological analysis explores aspects of animal husbandry and hunting as well as the sea as a food source in comparison with the subsistence farming of other settlements in Anatolia and the Aegean. © 2011 Walter de Gruyter.

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