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Grubich A.O.,Institute for Nuclear Problems
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity | Year: 2012

Regardless of the surface area of the site, the spatial distribution of radioactive contamination of soils with 137Cs for Chernobyl fallout is described by a lognormal distribution. Moreover, the spatial pattern of the radioactive contamination of soil is random geometrical multifractal field. Due to that, any contamination spot, when studied in detail, decomposes into a multitude of small spots decomposing further into a multitude of smaller spots etc. Similar patterns are apparently characteristic for fallout of other radionuclides, the Fukushima fallout, as well as atmospheric fallout of non-radioactive dust and aerosols. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Silenko A.Y.,Institute for Nuclear Problems
Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters | Year: 2013

It is shown that, under the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation conditions, using the Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) representation allows the problem of finding a classical limit of relativistic quantum mechanical equations to be reduced to the replacement of operators in the Hamiltonian and quantum mechanical equations of motion by the respective classical quantities. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Baryshevsky V.G.,Institute for Nuclear Problems
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms | Year: 2015

Spontaneous and induced radiation produced by relativistic particles passing through natural and photonic crystals has enhanced capabilities for achieving the radiation sources operating in different wavelength ranges. Use of a non-one-dimensional distributed feedback, arising through Bragg diffraction in spatially periodic systems (natural and artificial (electromagnetic, photonic) crystals), establishes the foundation for the development of volume free electron lasers/masers (VFELs/VFEMs) as well as high-energy charged particle accelerators. The analysis of basic principles of VFEL theory demonstrates the promising potential of VFELs as the basis for the development of high-power microwave and optical sources. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Silenko A.J.,Institute for Nuclear Problems | Silenko A.J.,Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2015

A general method of the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation is developed. This method is applicable to relativistic particles with any spin in arbitrarily strong external fields. It can be used when the de Broglie wavelength is much smaller than the characteristic distance. Contrary to previously developed relativistic methods, the present method satisfies the condition of the exact Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation and is well substantiated. The derived relativistic Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian is expanded in powers of the Planck constant. In this expansion, terms proportional to the zero and first powers are determined exactly in accordance with the above condition, and terms proportional to higher powers are not specified. The obtained result agrees with the corresponding formula for the Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian previously deduced by an iterative relativistic method and proves the validity of results obtained with this formula. © 2015 American Physical Society.

Obukhov Y.N.,RAS Nuclear Safety Institute | Silenko A.J.,National Research Nuclear University MEPhI | Teryaev O.V.,Institute for Nuclear Problems
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2014

We discuss the quantum dynamics of a Dirac fermion particle in the Poincaré gauge gravitational field. The minimal as well as the Pauli-type nonminimal coupling of a fermion with external fields is studied, bringing into consideration the notions of the translational and the Lorentz gravitational moments. The anomalous gravitomagnetic and gravitoelectric moments are ruled out on the basis of the covariance arguments. We derive the general Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation for an arbitrary configuration of the Poincaré gauge gravitational field without assuming it is weak. Making use of the Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian for the Dirac particle coupled to a magnetic field in a noninertial reference system, we analyze the recent experimental data and obtain bounds on the spacetime torsion. © 2014 American Physical Society.

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