Grossmann K.,Institute for Machine Tools and Control Engineering |
Wiemer H.,Institute for Machine Tools and Control Engineering |
Hardtmann A.,Institute for Machine Tools and Control Engineering |
Penter L.,Institute for Machine Tools and Control Engineering |
Kriechenbauer S.,Institute for Machine Tools and Control Engineering
Production Engineering | Year: 2010
Although today's deep drawing tools are thoroughly designed and calculated by means of computer-aided design (CAD), finite element (FE) simulation and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), the sequence of operations to put a tool into production still encompasses manual and irreproducible labor. In particular, the die spotting is empirical and is almost entirely dependent on the toolmaker's experience. This fine-tuning of the drawing tool consumes a large amount of time. In minimizing manual die spotting, a large potential to decrease time and costs exists. This article presents error compensation methods to create deep drawing tools, which require less manual die spotting in order to produce sound quality stampings. In FE simulations of deep drawing operations, it is general practice to assume rigid tool and press properties. The fact that die and punch design are based on these simplifications might be one of the main causes that empirical die spotting is still imperative. Therefore, the authors developed a methodology to compensate the tool face for effects of elastic press and tool deformations, which occur under applied process load. The authors demonstrate the static compensation with two examples. The first shows the static compensation for ram tilting caused by an unbalanced load, which can originate from asymmetric part design and/or eccentric mounted tools. The second example describes the compensation for elastic die deformation caused by local and global deflections. In either case, the compensated die face, under applied process load, deformed into the desired die face. This research work shows the potential and limits of a static compensation for effects of elastic tool and press deformations on the final shape of the stamping. © 2010 German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP).