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Kharboutly H.,Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics ISIR | Ma J.,Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics ISIR | Benali A.,University of Orléans | Thoumie P.,Rothscild Hospital | And 3 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering | Year: 2015

This paper presents the design and implementation of IsiMove, a new dynamic posturography platform. It allows the evaluation of the static and dynamic balance of a human placed on a force plate. IsiMove is a robotic platform open kinematic with four degrees of freedom: anteroposterior tilt, mediolateral tilt, vertical rotation, and horizontal translation. It is capable of measuring the displacement of the center of pressure over time, with a resolution of 0.1 mm for each foot and support a human of about 120 kg. IsiMove can generate various types of balance perturbations based on parameters such as direction, amplitude, frequency and shape. In this paper, we will give a description of the mechanisms that constitute our platform. First, the technical specifications of the hardware and software architecture will be presented. Then, we will provide details related to extensive experimental evaluations of the platform in both static and dynamic condition as well as result of postural stability analysis with healthy subjects and stroke patients. © 2014 IEEE.

Boudaoud M.,Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics ISIR | Regnier S.,Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics ISIR
International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems | Year: 2014

Two-fingered micromanipulation systems with an integrated force sensor are widely used in robotics to sense and control gripping forces at the micro and nano-scales. They became of primary importance for an efficient manipulation and characterization of highly deformable biomaterials and nanostructures. This paper presents a chronological overview of gripping force measurement using two-fingered micromanipulation systems. The work summarizes the major achievements in this field from the early 90s to the present, focusing in particular on the evolution of measurement technologies regarding the requirements of microrobotic applications. Measuring forces below the microNewton for the manipulation of highly deformable materials, embedding force sensors within microgrippers to increase their dexterity, and reducing the influence of noise to improve the measurement resolution are among the addressed challenges. The paper shows different examples of how these challenges have been addressed. Resolution, operating range and signal/noise ratio of gripping force sensors are reported and compared. A discussion about force measurement technologies and gripping force control is performed and future trends are highlighted. © 2014 The Author(s). Licensee InT.

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