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Kim H.J.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Kim S.-M.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Park K.-R.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Jang H.-J.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2011

Recent reports have indicated that decursin can induce apoptosis, suppress tumor growth, and inhibit angiogenesis. In this experiment, we investigated how decursin could potentiate the cytotoxic effects of bortezomib in human multiple myeloma cells. We found that decursin inhibited cell viability in U266, MM.1S and ARH77 cells, but not in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Decursin-induced apoptosis through the activation of caspase-8, -9, and -3 in U266 cells. This correlated with the down-regulating of cyclin D1, bcl-2, bcl-xL, survivin, and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which are all regulated by the activation of signal transducers and the activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Indeed, decursin inhibited constitutive STAT3 activation through inhibition of the activation of Janus-activated kinase 2 (JAK2) in U266 cells. In addition, decursin inhibited interleukin-6-inducible STAT3 activation in a time-dependent manner in MM.1S cells. Interestingly, decursin significantly potentiated the apoptotic effects of bortezomib in U266 cells. These effects of decursin were correlated with the suppression of constitutive STAT3 activation in U266 cells. Overall, these results suggest that decursin is a novel blocker of STAT3 activation and it may be a potential candidate for overcoming chemo-resistance through suppression of this signaling. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Na Y.-S.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Jung K.-A.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Kim S.-M.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Hong Y.S.,University of Ulsan | And 7 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2011

Purpose: Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs), such as PXD101 and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, inhibit proliferation and stimulate apoptosis of tumor cells. The enhanced effectiveness of chemotherapy or radiotherapy when combined with HDACIs has been observed in several cancers. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effect of PXD101 combined with irinotecan in colon cancer. Methods: HCT116 and HT29 colon cancer cells for cell viability assay were treated with PXD101 and/or SN-38, the active form of irinotecan. Antitumor effects of HCT116 and HT29 xenografts treated with these combinations were evaluated. [18F]FLT-PET was used to detect early responses to PXD101 and irinotecan in colon cancer. Results: PXD101 and SN38 possessed dose-dependent antiproliferative activity against HCT116 and HT29 cells and exerted a synergistic effect when used in combination. In xenografted mice, PXD101 in combination with irinotecan dramatically inhibited tumor growth without causing additive toxicity. Apoptotic effects on xenograft tumors were greater with combined treatment than with irinotecan alone. [ 18F]FLT-PET imaging revealed a 64% decrease in [18F]FLT uptake in tumors of HCT116 xenograft-bearing mice treated with a combination of PXD101 and irinotecan, indicating a decrease in thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) activity. These results were supported by Western blot analyses showing a decrease in tumor thymidine kinase 1 protein levels, suggesting that [ 18F]FLT-PET can be used to non-invasively detect early responses to these agents. Conclusions: These data show that PXD101 increases the cytotoxic activity of irinotecan in in vitro and in vivo colon cancer models and suggest these agent combinations should be explored in the treatment of colon cancer. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Na Y.-S.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Yang S.-J.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Kim S.-M.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | Jung K.-A.,Institute for Innovate Cancer Research | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

YM155, which inhibits the anti-apoptotic protein survivin, is known to exert anti-tumor effects in various cancers, including prostate and lung cancer. However, there are few reports describing the inhibitory effect of YM155 on human pancreatic cancers that highly express survivin. Here, we tested the effects of YM155 on a variety of cancer cell lines, including pancreatic cancer cells. We found that YM155 exerts an anti-proliferative effect in pancreatic cancer cells, inducing cell death through suppression of XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) as well as survivin without affecting the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-xL or Mcl-1. YM155 also inhibited tumor growth in vivo, reducing the size of pancreatic cancer cell line MIAPaCa-2 xenografts by 77.1% on day 31. Western blot analyses further showed that YM155 downregulated phosphoinoside 3-kinase (PI3K) expression and reduced the levels of phosphorylated (activated) extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) in PANC-1 cells. Interestingly, we also found that YM155 downregulated the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in various cancer cell lines and induced the EGFR phosphorylation and ubiquitination of EGFR in PANC-1 cells. YM155 also modestly promoted the ubiquitination of survivin and XIAP. Therefore, YM155 acts through modulation of EGFR and survivin expression to subsequently reduce survival. We suggest that YM155 has potential as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. © 2012 Na et al. Source

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