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Jiang Y.,Chinese National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention | Wei J.,Chinese National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention | Wei J.,Fudan University | Liu H.,Chinese National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Previous studies have demonstrated that the Pro-Glu/Pro-Pro-Glu (PE/PPE) genes in strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis exhibit high sequence variation and may be involved in antigenic variation and immune evasion. Region of Difference 1 (RD1), encoding genes from Rv3871 to Rv3879, was observed to be lost during the original derivation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin between 1908 and 1921. It has been previously demonstrated that two PE/PPE proteins, PE35 (Rv3872) and PPE68 (Rv3873), are encoded by RD1 and exhibit immunodominance. To explore the genetic diversity of PE35 and PPE68, and to evaluate the impact of sequence variation on the immune recognition of these proteins, 161 clinical M. tuberculosis strains were selected from China and comparative sequence analysis of PE35 and PPE68 was performed. The results indicated that polymorphisms in PE35 and PPE68 may lead to alterations in the function of these proteins, which may potentially affect strain virulence. In addition, the human T-cell epitopes of PE35 and PPE68 were highly variable, suggesting that the two antigens may be involved in diversifying selection to evade host immunity. The prevalence of strains with PE35 mutations in the non-Beijing family was significantly greater compared with the Beijing family, indicating that Beijing strains may be more conservative than non-Beijing strains in this gene. Source

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