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Fang L.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Yang G.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Song Y.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Li F.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2014

Multicomponent quantitative analysis is one of the mainstream quality control methods of traditional herbal medicines. Since the constituents of traditional herbal medicines samples are complex, the development of high-performance liquid chromatography methods is laborious. In this study, an isoabsorption plot, a chromatographic/spectrometric data image plotted by diode array detection was utilized to facilitate the establishment of a highperformance liquid chromatography method by optimizing and validating the detection conditions off-line. Consequently a simple, reliable and accurate method for simultaneous determination of seven active polyphenolic components (protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, rosmarinic acid, scutellarin, and apigenin) in Qingfei mixture, a long-used Chinese prescription, was developed. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with gradient elution of phosphoric acid aqueous solution (0.05%, v/v) and acetonitrile, and a wavelength switch program optimized with isoplot was adopted for detection. The method was validated in terms of linearity, sensitivity, precision, repeatability, and accuracy and was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of the seven polyphenolic components in different production batches of Qingfei Mixture. These results indicated that isoplot is an effective tool to improve the establishment of multicomponent quantitative analysis methods. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Fang L.,Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy | Fang L.,Zhejiang University | Sun X.,Zhejiang University | Song Y.,Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy | And 5 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Purpose: Whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is generally considered as an efficient strategy to improve blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability by damaging BBB structure and is therefore, used as a promising pretreatment of chemotherapy. However, the impact of radiotherapy on leaky BBB is still controversial for the reason that BBB of metastatic brain tumor lesion had been breached by tumor metastasizing. Herein, we conducted a self-controlled study to evaluate the effect of WBRT on the permeability of BBB in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastases (BM). Method: A prospective self-controlled research was performed. Radiation-naive NSCLC patients with BM were enrolled and treated with gefitinib for 2 weeks, and then concurrently combined with WBRT for 2 weeks. Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) before and after WBRT were collected on day 15 and 29 after the initiation of gefitinib treatment. The concentrations of gefitinib in these samples were measured by HPLC. Results: Three patients were enrolled and evaluated. The concentrations of gefitinib in plasma and CSF pre-WBRT were comparable to those of post-WBRT. Consequently, no significant change was noted in the CSF-to-plasma ratios of gefitinib before and after WBRT (2.79 ± 1.47 vs. 2.35 ± 1.74 %, p = 0.123). Conclusions: The WBRT may not affect the BBB permeability by determining the concentration of gefitinib in NSCLC patients with BM. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Fang L.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Fang L.,Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment Technology on Thoracic Oncology Lung and Esophagus | Song Y.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | Weng X.,Zhejiang Chinese Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2015

The quantification of intracranial gefitinib (GEF) exposure is limited owing to the sensitivity of analytical equipment. Although mass spectrometry (MS) is the preferred method because of its high sensitivity, the equipment is not available in many laboratories, especially in developing Asian countries. In this paper, we developed a highly sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method for the assay of GEF in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma. GEF was extracted from CSF and plasma by solid-phase extraction and liquid-liquid extraction, respectively. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with gradient elution of 0.1% triethylamine solution and acetonitrile, then finally detected at 344 nm. This method was validated and proved to be highly sensitive with a lower limit of quantitation value of 0.11 ng/mL in CSF and 11 ng/mL in plasma. The blood-brain barrier penetration ratio of GEF ranged from 1.48 to 2.41%. This method provides a reliable MS-independent solution for the quantitation of GEF in patients' CSF and plasma. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Wang Z.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital | Cai X.-J.,Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Shi L.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital | Li F.-Y.,The Good | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

To investigate the related risk factors of postoperative nosocomial pneumonia (POP) in patients withI-IIIa lung cancer. Methods: Medical records of 511 patients who underwent resection for lung cancer between January 2012 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors of postoperative pneumonia were identified and evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The incidence of postoperative pneumonia in these lung cancer patients was 2.9% (15 cases). Compared with 496 patients who had no pneumonia infection after operation, older age (>60), histopathological type of squamous cell carcinoma and longer surgery time (>3h) were significant risk factors by univariate analysis. Other potential risk factors such as alcohol consumption, history of smoking, hypersensitivity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and so on were not showed such significance in this study. Further, the multivariate analysis revealed that old age (>60 years) (OR 5.813, p=0.018) and histopathological type of squamous cell carcinoma (OR 5.831, p<0.001) were also statistically significant independent risk factors for postoperative pneumonia. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that being old aged (>60 years) and having squamous cell carcinoma histopathological type might be important factors in determining the risk of postoperative pneumonia in lung cancer patients after surgery.

Cao J.,Zhejiang University | Wang Y.,Zhejiang University | Dong R.,Zhejiang University | Lin G.,Zhejiang University | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2016

Intratumoral hypoxia occurs in many solid tumors, where it is associated with the development of metastatic character. However, the connections between these phenomena are not fully understood. In this study, we define an integrative role for the E3 ubiquitin ligase subunit WSB1. In primary osteosarcomas, increased levels of WSB1 correlated with pulmonary metastatic potential. RNAi-mediated attenuation of WSB1 or disruption of its E3 ligase activity potently suppressed tumor metastasis. Quantitative proteomic and functional analyses revealed that WSB1 ubiquitylates the Rho-binding protein RhoGDI2 and promotes its proteasomal degradation, thereby activating Rac1 to stimulate tumor cell motility and invasion. Our findings show how WSB1 regulates key steps of the metastatic cascade in hypoxia-driven osteosarcoma, and they highlight a candidate therapeutic target to potentially improve the survival of patients with metastatic disease. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

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