De Vita F.,Institute for Genetic Research Gaetano Salvatore Ariano Irpino |
Riccardi M.,Institute for Genetic Research Gaetano Salvatore Ariano Irpino |
Riccardi M.,University of Catanzaro |
Malanga D.,Institute for Genetic Research Gaetano Salvatore Ariano Irpino |
And 7 more authors.
Cell Cycle | Year: 2012
In this manuscript, we present experimental evidence that PKCs phosphorylate p27 at T198 in vitro and in vivo, resulting in p27 stabilization and cell cycle arrest in MCF-7 and HeLa cells. Our findings indicate that (1) recombinant PKCα, βII, δ, ηand θ isoforms phosphorylate, in in vitro kinase assays, wild-type recombinant p27 protein expressed in E. coli and wild-type p27 protein immunoprecpitated from transfected HEK-293 cells but not the T198A mutant, (2) adoptive expressed PKCα and δ phosphorylate both transfected and endogenous p27 at T198 in HEK-293 cells, (3) T198 phosphorylation of transfected and endogenous p27 is increased by PKC activators [Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)] and suppressed by PKC inhibitors (Rottlerin A, G06976, Calphostin C), (4) in parallel with increased T198 phosphorylation, PMA induces stabilization of p27 protein in HeLa cells, whereas PKC inhibitors induce a decrease in p27 stability and, finally, (5) PMA-induced p27 upregulation is necessary for growth arrest of HeLa and MCF-7 cells induced by PKC activation by PMA. Overall, these results suggest that PKC-dependent upregulation of p27 induced by its phosphorylation at T198 represents a mechanism that mediates growth arrest promoted by PMA and provide novel insights on the ability of different PKC isoforms to play a role in controlling cell cycle progression. © 2012 Landes Bioscience.