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Samus V.,Institute for Fruit Growing | Ozcan M.M.,Selcuk University | Harmankaya M.,Selcuk University | Ozkalp B.,Selcuk University | Al Juhaimi F.,King Saud University
Journal of Food Safety and Food Quality

Mineral contents of several fruits growing in Minsk in Belarus were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES). The highest K (19141 mg/kg) was found in redberry sample, followed by red plum (big) (13352 mg/Kg), strawberry (13287 mg/Kg), blackberry (12896 mg/kg), yellow grape (12215 mg/kg), yellow plum H1 (12438 mg/kg), yellow plum H2 (12124 mg/kg), black grape (big) (11472 mg/kg), black grape (small) (11692 mg/kg), red plum (small) (10743 mg/Kg) and grape (red) (10572 mg/kg). P contents of fruits changed between 394 mg/kg wild apple) and 3422 mg/kg (redberry). Cr, Mo, Ni and Pb were found in very low concentrations. Generally, while Cu contents of fruits change between 1.6 mg/Kg (red hybrit apple) and 8 mg/kg (red berry), Fe contents ranged from 12.5 mg/kg (yellow pear) to 51.4 mg/kg (black berry). It appears that fruits could serve as good source of some nutrients. © M. & H. Schaper GmbH & Co. Source

Urbanovich O.Y.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus | Kazlouvskaya Z.A.,Institute for Fruit Growing | Yakimovich O.A.,Institute for Fruit Growing | Kartel N.A.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Russian Journal of Genetics

Using SSR markers designed for Malus × domestica Borkh. genetic polymorphism of 43 pear accessions cultivated in Belarus was examined. A total of 217 alleles were identified with the mean number of 12.8 alleles per marker. The mean PIC value was 0.81; the mean number of informative alleles, 6.49. The heterozygosity level ranged from 0.30 to 0.84. Genetic diversity of SSR alleles in pear and apple genomes was compared. A method of identification of commercial pear cultivars using a set of six SSR markers was suggested. © 2011 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

Krivorot A.M.,Institute for Fruit Growing | Martsynkevich D.I.,Institute for Fruit Growing
Acta Horticulturae

The research was carried out at the Storage and Processing Department of the Institute for Fruit Growing of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus during the period from 2001 till 2004. The influence of afterharvest treatment of fruits with different kinds of wax-like substances on keeping characteristics of apples (Malus ×domestica) of Belarusian cultivars was studied. Extracts of reed peat, Phragmites communis and?otentilla palustris were used as wax-like substances; and untreated fruits were used as control in the experiment. Treating fruits with reed peat, Phragmites and Potentilla extracts has a positive influence on fruit keeping characteristics in cold storage. It reduces natural loss of mass, increases commodity output, decreases the spread of physiological disorders and microbiological diseases of apples. According to apple fruits keeping characteristics during long-time storage reed peat and Phragmites extracts have the highest effect.?otentilla extract yields a bit to the above mentioned extracts. The apple cultivar factor has more influence on the change of shelf life characteristics in comparison with the extract processing factor. Source

Valasevich N.,Institute for Fruit Growing | Cieslinska M.,Research Institute of Horticulture | Kolbanova E.,Institute for Fruit Growing
European Journal of Plant Pathology

Apple mosaic virus (ApMV) is one of the important viruses of apple and rose. Although the virus occurs worldwide the information on the virus presence in Poland and Belarus is limited. Genetic diversity of ApMV isolates from apple originated from Poland and Belarus as well as rose isolates from Poland was investigated based on phylogenetic analyses of movement protein (MP) and coat protein (CP) genes. Comparison of CP gene sequences showed the high sequence identity of the studied ApMV isolates and their clustering with apple and pear strains of ApMV deposited in the GenBank database. There was no correlation between the geographical origin and CP gene sequence variability of Polish and Belarusian ApMV isolates. © 2014, Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging. Source

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