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Costanzo N.,University of Catanzaro | Santoro A.M.L.,University of Naples Federico II | Sarno E.,University of Naples Federico II | Di Loria A.,University of Catanzaro | And 3 more authors.
Italian Journal of Food Safety | Year: 2015

Mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk is a fresh, stringy-textured dairy product, exhibiting a porcelain white colour, a smooth, bright, and humid surface, an extremely thin rind and delicate taste. The high humidity typical of this cheese, reduces its shelf-life and it is cause of dramatic organoleptic changes during storage. In this study we tested sonoelastography to evaluate texture changes of mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk during storage. Cheeses form local market produced in the same condition were divided in three batches and stored in different conditions: the first (B1) was stored in preserving liquid at room temperature (20°C); the second (B2) was stored without preserving liquid at 4°C; and the third (B3) was stored at 4°C in preserving liquid. In B1 sonoelastography showed a reduction of the hardness and stiffness of rind, while in B2 inelastic tissue increased its thickness. Best results were obtained in B3, where no significant difference was evidenced during storage. © 2015, Page Press Publications. All rights reserved. Source

Casalinuovo F.,Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Southern Italy | Gazzotti T.,University of Bologna | Rippa P.,Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Southern Italy | Ciambrone L.,Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Southern Italy | And 2 more authors.
Italian Journal of Food Safety | Year: 2015

The results of a study on the microbiological stability of canned tuna produced by Italian companies and similar canned products manufactured in countries outside Europe are reported herein. The study involved 38 samples of canned tuna of various brands, of which 14 were produced by companies outside Europe and 24 by Italian companies. Qualitative and quantitative microbiological tests were conducted for the following parameters: bacterial colony counts at 30°C, total coliforms, total Enterobacteriaceae, sulphite-reducing anaerobes, Salmonella spp., Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, yeasts and molds. Bacterial loads and mold contamination were respectivelyin found in 8/14 (57%) samples from outside EU and 7/24 (29%) Italian samples. The bacterial flora was represented by Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus lentus, Streptococcus mitis, Enterococcus faecalis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides), Gram-negative bacteria (Sphingomonas paucimobilis, Acinetobacter iwoffii, Rhizobium radiobacter), spore-forming bacteria (Bacillus vallismortis), while the fungal species was represented by Penicillium spp., Rhizopus spp., Rhodotorula spp. and Alternaria spp. Excluding anomalies in the thermal treatment process of products and any contamination after treatment, the contaminations encountered in both cases were most likely due to insufficient production quality standards and the quality of the raw material used. These results may require a redefinition of the concept of commercial stability as hitherto stated. © 2015, Ashgate Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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